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19 Cards in this Set

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Photosynthesis
The process by which light energy is converted to chemical energy
Autotroph
Organisms that use light from sun to make its own food
Heterotroph
Organisms that rely on others for food
Cellular Respiration
Process by which living organisms haverst the energy in food
Pigment
Molecule that absorbs certain wavelegnths of light
Chlorophyll
The primary pigment involved with photosynthesis
Carotenoid
Absorb different wavelegnths of light than photosynthesis to allow plants to have color
Thylakoid
Internal membrane-bound sac in a chloroplast
Electron transport chain
Series of molecules through which electrons are passed to make ATP
NADPH
Electron carrier that provides high-energy electrons for photosynthesis
Carbon dioxide fixation
Process by which carbon dioxide is incorperated into organic compounds
Calvin Cycle
Common method of carbon dioxide fixation in photosynthesis
Aerobic
Term for processes that require oxygen
Anaerobic
Term for processes that do not require oxygen
Glycolsys
Biochemical pathway that breaks down glucose to pyruvate
NADH
Electron Carrier that stores energy used to make ATP
Krebs cycle
Cyclic biochemical pathway of cellular respiration that uses carbon dioxide and produces ATP, NADH, and FADH
FADH
Electron carrier produced during the Krebs cycle
Fermentation
Anaerobic process of cellular respiration that recycles NAD needed to continue glycosis