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19 Cards in this Set

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photosynthesis
process by which organisms use light energy to produce organic compounds
autotroph
organism that obtains energy from sunlight or inorganic substances
heterotroph
organism with both testes and ovaries
cellular respiration
process by which living organisms harvest the energy in food molecules
pigment
molecule that absorbs certain wavelengths of light
chlorophyll
pigment responsible for trapping light energy in photosynthesis
carotenoid
yellow and orange plant pigments that aid in photosynthesis
thylakoid
internal membrane-bound sac of a chloroplast
electron transport chain
series of molecules through which electrons are passed to make ATP
NADPH
electron carriers that provides high-energy electrons for photosynthesis
carbon dioxide fixation
process by which carbon dioxide is incorporated into organic compounds
Calvin cycle
common method of carbon dioxide fixation in photosynthesis
aerobic
term for processes that require oxygen
anaerobic
term for processes that do not require oxygen
glycolysis
biochemical pathway that breaks down glucose to pyruvate
NADH
carrier that stores energy used to make ATP
Krebs cycle
cyclic biochemical pathway of cellular respiration that uses carbon dioxide and produces ATP, NADH, and FADH2
FADH2
electron carrier produced during the Krebs cycle
fermentation
anaerobic process of cellular respiration that recycles AND+ needed to continue glycolysis