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158 Cards in this Set

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abbreviation
shortened term of a word or phrase
abduction
moving a body part away from the midline of the body
abrasion
partial-thickness wound caused by the scraping away or rubbing of the skin
abuse
intentional mistreatment or harm of another person
accountable
being responsible for ones actions and the actions of others who perform delegated tasks;answering questions about, and explaining ones actions and the actions of others
acetone
substance that appears in urine from the rapid breakdown of fat for energy;ketone body or ketone
active physical restraints
a restraint attached to the persons body and to a fixed(immovable) object;restricts movement or body access
activities of daily living
the activities usually done during a normal day in a persons life
acute illness
a sudden illness from which a person is expected to recover
acute pain
pain that is felt suddenly from injury, disease, trauma, or surgery
adduction
moving a body part toward the midline of the body
admission
offical entry of a person into an agency
adolescence
the time between puberty and adulthood;a time of rapid growth and physical and social maturity
advance directive
a document stating a persons wishes about health care when that person cannot make their own decisions
affect
feelings and emotions
allergy
a sensitivity to a substance that causes the body to react with signs and symptoms
alopecia
hair loss
ambulation
the act of walking
am care
routine care before breakfast;early morning care
amputation
the removal of all or part of an extremity
anaphylaxis
a life threatening sensitivity to an antigen
anesthesia
the loss of feeling or sensation produced by a drug
anorexia
loss of appetite
anterior
at or toward the front of the body or body part;ventral
anxiety
a vague, uneasy feeling in response to stress
aphasia
inability(a)to speak(phasia)
apical-radial pulse
taking the apical and radial pulses at the same time
apnea
the lack or absence(a)of breathing(pnea)
arterial ulcer
an open wound on the lower leg and feet caused by poor arterial blood flow
artery
a blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart
arthritis
joints(arthr) inflammation(itis)
arthroplasty
the surgical replacement(plasty) of a joint(arthro)
asepsis
being free of disease producing microbes
aspiration
breathing fluid or an object into the lungs
assault
intentionally attempting or threatening to touching a persons body without the persons consent
assessment
collecting information about the person
assisted living facility
provides housing, personal care, support services, health care, and social activities in a homelike setting
atrophy
the decreas in a size or wasting away of tissue
base of support
the area on which an object rests
battery
touching a persons body without their consent
bedsore
pressure ulcer, pressure sore, or decubitus ulcer
benign tumor
tumor that grows slowly and within a local area
biohazardous waste
items contaminated with blood, body fluids, secretions, or excretions;bio means life and hazardous means dangerous or harmful
Biot's respirations
rapid and deep respirations followed by 10 to 30 seconds of apnea
bisexual
person who is attracted to both sexes
blood pressure
amount of forse exerted against the walls of an artery by the blood
body alignment
the way the head, trunk, arms, and legs are aligned with one another;posture
body language
messages sent through facial expressions, gestures, posture, hand and body movements, gait, eye contact, and appearance
body mechanics
using the body in an efficient and careful way
body temperature
amount of heat in the body that is a balance between the amount of the heat produced and the amount lost by the body
bradycardia
slow(brady) heart rate(cardia);less than 60 beats per minute
bradypnea
slow(brady)breathing(pnea);respirations are fewer than 12 per minute
braille
writing system that uses raised dots for each letter of the alphabet;the first 10 letters also represent 0-9
calorie
the amount of energy produced when the body burns food
cancer
malignant tumor
capillary
tiny blood vessel;food, oxygen, and other substances pass from the capillaries to the cells
cardiac arrest
heart and breathing stop suddenly and without warning
carrier
human or animal that is a reservoir for microbes but does not have signs and symptoms of infection
case management
nursing care pattern

case manager(RN) coordinates a persons care from admission through discharge and into the home setting
catheter
tube used to drain or inject fluid through a body opening
catheterization
process of inserting a catheter
cell
basic unit of body structure
cerumen
earwax
chart
medical record
cheyne-stokes respirations
respirations gradually increase in rate and depth and then become shallow and slow; breathing may stop(apnea) for 10 to 20 seconds
chronis illness
ongoing illness, slow or gradual in onset, for which there is no known cure;the illness can be controlled and complications prevented
chronic pain
pain lasting longer than 6 months;it's constant or occurs off and on
chronic wound
a wound that does not heal easily
circadian rhythm
daily rhythm based on a 24-hour cycle;the day-night cycle or body rhythm
circulatory
an open wound on the lower legs and feet caused by decreased blood flow through the arteries or veins;vascular ulcer
circumcision
surgical removal of foreskin from the penis
civil law
laws concerned with relationships between people
clean-contaminated wound
occurs from the surgical entry of the reproductive, urinary, respiratory, or gastrointestinal system
clean technique
medical asepsis
clean wound
wound that is not infected;microbes have not entered the wound
closed fracture
the bone is broken but the skin is intact;simple fracture
closed wound
tissues are injured but the skin is not broken
colostomy
surgically created opening(stomy)between the colon(colo) and abdominal wall
coma
state of being unaware of one's surroundings and being unable to react or respond to people, places, or things
combining vowel
vowel added between two roots or between a root and a suffix to make pronunciation easier
comfort
a state of well-being;person has no physical or emotional pain and is calm and at peace
communicable disease
disease caused by pathogens that spread easily;contagious disease
communication
exchange of information-message sent is received and interpreted by the intended person
compound fracture
open fracture
compress
soft pad applied over a body area
compulsion
repeating an act over and over again
confidentiality
trusting others with personal and private information
conflict
clash between opposing interests or ideas
conscious
awareness of the environment and experiences;person knows what is happening and can control thoughts and behaviors
constipation
passage of a hard dry stool
constrict
to narrow
contagious disease
communicable disease
contaminated wound
wound with a high risk of infection
contamination
process of becoming unclean
contracture
lack of joint mobility caused by abnormal shortening of the muscles
contusion
closed wound caused by a blow to the body;bruise
convulsion
seizure
courtesy
polite, considerate, or helpful comment or act
crime
an act that violates a criminal law
criminal law
laws concerned with offenses against the public and society in general
culture
characteristics of a group of people-language, values, beliefs, habits, likes, dislikes, customs-passed down from one generation to the next
cyanosis
bluish skin color
Daily Reference Values
maximum daily intake values for total fat, saturated fat, cholesterol, sodium, carbohydrate, and dietary fiber
daily value
how a serving fits into the daily diet;expressed in a % based on a daily diet of 2000 calories
dandruff
excessive amount of dry, white flakes from the scalp
deafness
hearing loss in which it is impossible for the person to understand speech through hearing alone
decubitus ulcer
pressure ulcer;pressure sore, or bedsore
defamation
injuring a persons name and reputation by making false statements to a third person
defecation
process of excreting feces from the rectum through the anus;bowel movement
defense mechanism
unconscious reaction that blocks unpleasant or threatening feelings
dehiscence
seperation of wound layers
dehydration
excessive loss of water from tissues;decrease in the amount of water in body tissues
delegate
authorize another person to perform a task
delirium
state of temporary but acute mental confusion
delusion
false belief
delusion of grandeur
exaggerated belief about one's importance, wealth, power, or talents
delusion of persecution
false belief that one is being mistreated, abused, or harrassed
dementia
loss of cognitive and social function caused by changes in the brain
development
changes in mental, emotional, and social functions
developmental disability
disability occuring before 22 years of age
developmental task
skill that must be completed during a stage of development
diarrhea
frequent passage of liquid stools
diastole
period of heart muscle relaxation;period when the heart is at rest
diastolic pressure
pressure in the arteries when the heart is at rest
digestion
process of physically and chemically breaking down food so it can be absorbed for use by the cells
dilate
expand or open wider
diplegia
similar body parts are affected on both sides of the body
dirty wound
infected wound
disability
lost, absent, or impaired physical, or mental function
disaster
sudden catastrophic event in which many people are injured and killed and property is destroyed
discharge
official departure of a person from an agency
discomfort
pain
disinfection
process of destroying pathogens
distal
part farthest from the center or from the point of attachment
distraction
change the persons center of attention
dorsal
at or toward the back of the body or body part;posterior
dorsal recumbent position
back-lying or supine position;supine position with the legs together;horizontal recumbent position
dorsiflexion
bending the toes and foot up at the ankle
douche
introduction of a fluid into the vagina and the immediate return of the fluid
drawsheet
small sheet placed over the middle of the bottom sheet;helps keep the mattress and bottom linens clean and dry;cotton drawsheet
dysphagia
difficulty(dys) swallowing(phagia)
dyspnea
difficult, labored, or painful(dys)breathing(pnea)
dysuria
painful or difficult(dys) urination(uria)
early morning care
AM care
edema
swelling of body tissues with water
ego
part of the personality dealing with reality;deals with thoughts, feelings, good sense, and problem solving
ejaculation
release of semen
elective surgery
surgery done by choice to improve the persons life or well-being
electrical shock
electrical current passes through the body
embolus
blood clot(thrombus)that travels through the vascular system until it lodges in a distant blood vessel
emergency surgery
surgery done immediately to save life or function
emotional illness
mental illness, mental disorder, psychiatric disorder
enema
introduction of fluid into the rectum and lower colon
enteral nutrition
giving nutrients through the gastrointestinal tract(enteral)
enuresis
urinary incontinence in bed at night
epidermal stripping
removing the epidermis(outer layer of skin)as tape is removed from the skin
episiotomy
incision(otomy) into the perineum
erectile dysfunction
impotence