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22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
location
the position of anything on Earth's surface
toponym
the name given to a portion of the Earth's surface
site
the physical character of a place
situation
the location of a place relative to other places
meridian
an arc drawn on a mpa between the north and South Poles
parallel
a circle drawn around the globe parallel to the equator and at right angles to the meridians.
longitude
the number system used to indicate the location of meridians drawn on a globe and meawuring distance east and west of the prime meridian.
prime meridian
the meriadian, designated as 0 degrees longitude, which passes through the Royal Observatory at Greenwich, England.
latitude
the numbering system used to indicate the location of parallels drawn on a globe and measuring distance north and south of the equator
Greenwich Mean Time (GMT)
The time in the time zone encompassing the prime meridian, or 0 degrees longitude
International Date Line
an arc that for the mst part follows 180 degrees longitude, although it deviates in several places to avoid dividing land areas. When you cross the international date line heading east towards america, the clock moves back 24 hours, or one entire day. When you go west towards asia the calender moves ahead one day.
regional studies
also called cultural landscape. An approach to geography that emphasizes the relationships among social and physical phenomena in a practicular study area
formal region
an area in which everyone shares in one or more distinctive characteristics
functional region
also called a nodal an area organized around a node of focal point
vernacular region
an area that people blieeve to exist as part of their cultural identity
mental map
an internal represantation of a portion of Earth's surface based on what an individual know about a place, containg personal impressions of what is in a place and where places are located
culture
the body of customary beliefs, social forms, and material traits that together constitute a group of peoples distinct tradition
cultural ecology
geographic approach that emphasizes human environment relationships
environmental determinism
a nineteenth and early twentienth century approach to the study of geography that argued that the general laws sought y human geographers could be found in the physical sciences. Geography was therefore the study of how the physical environment caused human activities
possibilism
the theory that the physical environment may set limits on human actions, but people have the ability to adjust to the physical environment and choose a course of action from many alternatives.
resources
substances that are useful to people, economically and technologically feasible to acess, and is socially acceptable to use
polder
a piece of land that is created by draining water from an area