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7 Cards in this Set

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Atropine
Mechanism of action
Mechanism of action:
Cholenergic antagonist that selectively blocks all muscarinic responses to acetylcholine. Blocks parasympathetic vagal tone, decreasing Impulses to the heart. This increases the SA node firing rate, and increases conduction through the AV node. Also suppresses cholenergic overdose muscarinic responses caused by organophosphate and some chemical weapons. Is a potent bronchodilator when bronchoconstrition has been induced by parasympathomimetics.
Atropine
Trade Names:
Trade Names:
atropisol
Atropine
Contraindications:
Contraindications:
None in acute settings. However, use with extreme caution in patients with signs and symptoms of AMI. Use caution in patients with glaucoma.
Atropine
Indications:
Indications:
To increase cardiac output in symptomatic bradycardia. To restore cardiac function in bradyasystolic cardiac arrest. As a Parasympatholytic in organophosphate poisoning.
Atropine:
Pediatric Dose
Pediatric Dose:
Not used in pediatric asystole. Symptomatic bradycardia after ventilation and oxygenation has been restored. .02 mg/kg IVP/IO, .04 mg/kg ETT. Minimum dose is 0.1mg. May repeat once in five minutes up to 1mg. Organophosphate poisoning and parasympathomimetics overdose, .05 mg/kg IV/ IM/ IO every 10-15 minutes.
Atropine
Side effects:
Side effects:
Tachycardia, dry mouth, pupil dilation, flushed, dry skin, anxiety. Increases myocardial oxygen demands, may increase infarct.
Atropine
Classification:
Classification:
Parasympatholytic / Anticholinergic