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18 Cards in this Set

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Fossil
a trace of an ancient organism that has been preserved in rock.
plate tectonics
a theory that states that the earths' plates are in constant motion.
deposition
the process by which sediment is laid down
element
in which all the atoms are the same
density
mass per unit of volume
equator
circles the entire earth and is located halfway between the poles
mass
the amount of matter in an object
conduction
a transfer of energy through touching
energy transfer
the movement of energy from one form to another
radiation
the transfer of energy through space
chemical weathering
the process that breaks down rock through chemical change
earthquake
the shaking that results from the movement of rocks beneath the earth's surface.
vibration
a back and forth motion or wave
epicenter
the point on earth's surface directly above an earthquake force
erosion
the destructive process by water, wind , and gravity that loosens and carries away fragments of rock
potential energy
energy that is stored and available to be used later
kinetic energy
the energy and object has due to its motion
weathering
the chemical and physical process that breaks down rock on the earth's surface.