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20 Cards in this Set

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cold war
the conflict between the Soviet Union and the US from the end of WWII until the collapse of the Soviet Union (1991)
it was characterized by harsh rhetoric, technological rivalry, an arms buildup, and proxy wars in developing countries
containment
the post-WWII U.S. policy that sought to prevent the spread of Communism
Domino Theory
the Eisenhower-era theory that one communist country would infiltrate or influence its neighbors, supporting insurrection there and causing them to become communist too
they would fall like a series of dominoes standing close together
Kennedy, Johnson, and Nixon also subscribed to this theory, a version of containment
summit meeting
a conference attended by leaders of two or more nations
anti-communism
opposition to communism
etreme anti-communism was manifested in the "Red Scare" of the 1920s and McCarthyism of the 1950s
blacklist
a list of persons, often secretly circulated, who are disapproved of and are to be denied employment or other benefits
baby boom
the generation of children born between the end of WWII and 1964
consumer shift
the result of a general shift in society in the 1920s characterized by a greater emphasis on purchasing goods
juvenile delinquency
a term coined in the 1950s to describe illegal or undesirable behavior by teenagers
loyalty oaths
an element of President Truman's 1947 Federal Employees Loyalty and Security Program, which was designed to weed out communists and other "subversives" from government employment
McCarthyism
anti-comminism crusade of the 1950s led by Republican Senator Joseph McCarthy
it was characterized by irresponsible accusations and smear campaigns
rock and roll
popular music genre, with roots in African American rhythm and blues and "doowop."
It developed in the 1950s and was popularized by Elvis Presley
suburbia
residential communities near large urban centers
although suburbs existed in the 19th century, they became a widespread social phenomenon in the 1950s
teenagers
teenagers, as an identifiable social group, emerged in the 1950s.
teenagers were see both as a problematic, rebellious group, as well as a target for new products and cultural offerings
white flight
the exodus o white, middle-class families from cities to suburbia following WWII due to the migration of African Americans to urban centers
great society
the name used by the administration of President LBJ to describe its domestic programs
medicaid
a program providing health care for the needy (people who lived below the poverty level) who were not covered by Medicare
medicare
a program providing health insurance and health care for people over the age of 65
new frontier
the name used by the administration of JFK to describe its proposed programs for the nation
war on poverty
a slogan ed bbyLBJ to describe his goal of ending poverty in the United States