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37 Cards in this Set

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Characterized by an inability to register & form lasting memories of new or present events
Anterograde amnesia
Characterized by an inability to remember events prior to the onset of disease, with preservation of the ability to form new memories
Retrograde Amnesia
When something newly learned interferes with previously learned information. New material inhibits old material
Proactive Inhibition
When previously learned material interferes with the ability to acquire new information. Old material inhibits new material
Retroactive Inhibition
Characterized by confusion & impairment of recent memory. It often occurs in elderly people & resolves without sequelae
Transient Global Amnesia
When a person has an abrupt change of geographic location or identity without alterations in consciousness or memory changes

a period during which a person suffers from loss of memory, often begins a new life, and, upon recovery, remembers nothing of the amnesic phase
Type of Schizophernia characterized by movement disorders, pecularities like posturing or stereotyped behaviors, & Echolalia (repeating words spoken by othere)
Schizophrenia type characterized by manifest delusions & hallucinations involving persecution or grandeur
Schizophrenia type that is diagnosed when there is a clear schizophrenic problem; however there are no prominent delusions or hallucinations, & the person's behavior & speech are not disorganized
Personality disorder that is characterized by the word "entitlement". These individuals have a grandiose but unstable sense of self-importance that often alternates with feelings of unworthiness
Personality disorder in which the person is cold & aloof but displays magical thinking (beliefs that others can sense their thoughts or feelings). They may have ideas of reference, recurrent perceptual illusions, depersonalization, or suspisciousness
List the order of the stages of dying
1. Denial
2. Anger
3. Bargaining
4. Depression/Sadness
5. Acceptance

Test used to determine whether the difference between 2 or more groups is significantly different. This method is not applicable to raw frequency data

Difference between the means of 3 or more groups
Test that checks the difference between the means of 2 groups
Test that checks the difference between 2 or more percentages or proportions of categorical outcomes (not means values)
Study that allows researchers to compute an Odd Ratio
Study that allows researchers to compute a Relative Risk
What does a "one-way interaction" in an ANOVA study indicate?
any of the 3 variables in isolation can affect the vaccine's efficacy
What does a "two-way interaction" in an ANOVA study indicate?
2 of the 3 variables in the study effect the efficacy of the vaccine

For example, persons of a given sex & age group benefit the most from the vaccine, regardless of ethnic group
What does a "three-way interaction" in an ANOVA study indicate?
only people of a given ethnic group, age, & sex benefit from the vaccine
Study in which the same group if followed over a long period of time. Generally, no active intervention is instituted after the initial event. Note that the event may be either negative or positive
Longitudinal study
Most common reason for an individual oh higher sES to "move downward" into a significantly lower SES
disabling PHYSICAL problems
Disoder in which the normal paralysis of muscles during REM sleep is not present, & the person "acts out" the dream they are experiencing
REM sleep disorder
Common side effects of Lithium?
Diabetes Insipidus
What is the ealiest age at which toilet training may be successful
18 months
Bias that occurs when the intervention under consideration is delivered with unusual skill (or incompetence) so that it cannot be reproduced in typical settings
Proficiency bias
Bias that occurs when patients with the suspected outcome are more extensively probed about their symptoms & histories than are patients without the suspected outcome
Ascertainment bias
Bias that occurs when more information is solicited from the treatment group than from the placebo group
Detection bias
Bias that occurs in retrospective studies. Patients may not remember the severity of their symptomsor how much intervention occurred over the specified course of time
Recall bias
Bias that occurs when the sample of patients used in a study is not typical of the general population. For example, if an academic medical center sees the most acutely ill patients admitted for bypass surgery, its overall bypass mortality rates will appear extraordinarily high
Referral bias
Term for the ability of other researchers to reproduce the results
Term that refers to the "trueness" of the measurement, i.e. how close the measured value is to the true value
Measure that is an index of how well the test measures what it purports to measure
Disorder characterized by elements of both schizophrenia (ie psychotic symptoms) & mood disorders (manic or depressive)
Schizoaffective disorder
Thought disorder of psychotic proportion with a duration between 1-6 months
Schizophreniform disorder
When does "stranger anxiety" typically occur in infants"
5-9 months
When does "separation anxiety" typically occur in infants?
10-18 months