Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/120

Click to flip

120 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
allege
(v) to assert without proof or confirmation
SYN: claim, contend
arrant
(adj) thoroughgoing, out-and-out, shameless, blatant
SYN: egregious, unmitigated
badinage
(n) light and playful conversation
SYN: banter, persiflage, repartee
conciliate
(v) to overcome the distrust of, win over; to appease, pacify; to reconcile, make consistent
countermand
(v) to cancel or reverse one order or command with another that is contrary to the first
SYN: recall, revoke
echelon
(n) one of a series of grades in an organization or field of activity; an organized military unit; a steplike formation or arrangement
SYN: level, rank
exacerbate
(v) to make more violent, severe, bitter or painful
SYN: aggravate, intensify, worsen
fatuous
(adj) stupid or foolish in a self-satisfied way
SYN: silly, vapid, inane, doltish, vacuous
irrefutable
(adj) impossible to disprove; beyond argument
SYN: indisputable, incontrovertible, undeniable
juggernaut
(n) a massive and iescapable force or object that crushes whatever is in its path
lackadaisical
(adj) lacking spirit or interest, halfhearted
litany
(n) a prayer consisting of short appeals to God recited by the leader alternating with responses from the congregation; any repetitive chant; a long list
SYN: rigmarole, catalog, megillah
macabre
(adj) grisly, gruesome, horrible, distressing, having death as a subject
SYN: grotesque, grim, ghoulish
paucity
(n) an inadequate quantity, scarcity, dearth
SYN: lack
portend
(v) to indicate beforehand that something is about to happen, to give advance warning of
SYN: bode, foretell, foreshadow, suggest
raze
(v) to tear down, destroy completely; to cut or scrape off for out
SYN: pull down, demolish, shave off
recant
(v) to withdraw a statement or belief to which one has previoiusly been committed; renounce, retract
saturate
(v) to soak thoroughly, fill to capacity; to satisfy fully
SYN: permeate, drench, flood, imbue
saturnine
(adj) of a gloomy or surly disposition; cold or sluggish in mood
SYN: sullen, morose
slough
(v) to cast off, discard; to get rid of something obejectionable or unnecessary; to plod through as if through mud
(N) a mire, a state of depression
SYN: shed, slog
acclamation
(n)a shout of welcome; an overwhelming verbal vote of approval
SYN: ovation, cheering, plaudits
bucolic
(adj) charactertistic of the countryside, rural; relating to shepherds and cowherds, pastoral
SYN: rustic
calumniate
(v) to slander, to accuse falsely and maliciously
SYN: defame, libel
chary
(adj) extremely cautious, ehsitant or slow (to); reserved, diffident
SYN: wary, skittish
collusion
(n) secret agreement or cooperation
dilettante
(n) a dabbler in the arts; one who engages in an activity in an amateurish, trifling way;
(adj) superficial
SYN: amateur, trifler
imperturable
(adj) not easily excited; emotionally steady
SYN: unflappable, unexcitable, serene, unruffled
increment
(n) an enlargement, increase, addition
SYN: accretion, gain
mandate
(n) an authoritative command, formal order, authorization; (v) to issue such an order
SYN: (n) directive
paltry
(adj) trifling, insignificant, mean, despicable, inferior, trashy
SYN: measly, meager, piddling, trivial
paroxysm
(n) a sudden outburst; a spasm, convulsion
SYN: fit, seizure
pedantry
(n) a pretentious display of knowledge; ovrely rigid attention to rules and details
SYN: nit-picking, hairsplitting, pettifoggery
pregrination
(n) the act of traveling; an excursion, especially on foot or to a foreign country
SYN: journey, wandering, odyssey
redolent
(adj)fragrant, smelling stronly; tending to around memories or create an aura
SYN: evocative, reminiscent, aromatic
refulgent
(adj) shining, radiant, resplendent
SYN: luminous, splendid
shibboleth
(n) a word, expression, or custom that distinguishes a particular group of persons from all others; a commonplace saying or truism
SYN: catchphrase, passwrd, slogan
tyro
(n) a beginner, novice; one with little or no background or skill
SYN: neophyte
unremitting
(adj) not stopping, maintained steadily, never letting up; relentless
SYN: constant, incessant, unrelenting
vacillate
(v) to swimng indecisively from one idea or course of action to another; to waver weakly in mind or will
SYN: seesw, fluctuate, oscillate
vituperative
(adj) harshly abusive, severely scolding
SYN: abusive, scurrilous, insulting
askance
(adv) with suspicioun, distrust, or diapproval
SYN: distrustfully, suspiciously, skeptically
attenuate
(V) to make thin or slender; to weaken or lessen in force, intensity, or value
SYN: thin out, dilute, water down
benign
(adj) gentle, kind forgiving, understanding, hving a favorable or beneficial effect; not malignant
SYN: benevolent salutary, salubrious, harmless
cavil
(v) to find fault in a petty way, carp;
(n) a trivial objection or criticism
SYN: (v) nitpick, quibble
charlatan
(n) one who feigns knowldge or ability; a pretender, impostor, or quack
SYN: fraud, mountebank
decimate
(V) to kill or destroy a large part of
SYN: ravage, devastate
foible
(n) a weak point, failling, minor flaw
SYN: shortcoming, defect, quirk
forgo
(v) to do without, abstain from, give up
SYN: refraim from, renounce
fraught
(adj) full of or loaded with; accompanied by
SYN: charged with
inure
(V) to toughen, harden; to rendure used to something by long subjection or exposure
SYN: accustom, acclimate
luminous
(adj) emitting or reflecting light, glowing; illuminating
SYN: radiant, bright, refulgent, lustrous
obsequious
(adj) marked by slavish attentiveness; excessively submissive=, often for purely self-interested reasons.
SYN: fawning, sevile, sycophantic, mealymouthed
obtuse
(adj) blunt, not coming to a point; slow or dull in undertsanding, measureing between 90 and 180 dgrees, not causing a sharp impression
SYN: stupid, dumb, thick, mild, dull-witted
oscillate
(v) to swing back and forth with a steady rhythm, to fluctuate or waver
SYN: vibrate, vacillate
penitent
(adj) regretful for one's sins or mistakes (n) one who is sorry for wrongdoing
SYN: remorseful, regretful, rueful, sorry
peremptory
(adj) having the nature of a command that leaves no opportunity for debate, denial or refusal; offensively self-assured, dictatorial; determined, resolute
SYN: high-handed, unconditional
rebuff
(v) to snub; to repel, drive away (b) a curt rejection, a check
SYN: (v) spurn, repulse, reject
(n) setback
reconnoiter
(v) to engage in reconnaissance; to make a preliminary inspection
SYN: scout
shambles
(n) a slaughterhouse; a place of mass bloodshed; a state of complete disorder and confusion, mess
sporadic
(adj) occurring in irregular intervals, having no set plan or order
SYN: constant, steady, continuous, uninterrupted
abrogate
v. to repeal, cancel, declare null and void
SYN: annul, revoke
ambient
adj. completely surrounding, encomapssing
SYN: none
asperity
n. roughness, severity; bitterness or tartness
SYN: rigor, harshness
burnish
v. to make smooth or glossy by rubbing, polish;
n. gloss, brightness, luster
SYN: v. shine, buff
cabal
n. a small group working in secret
SYN: clique, ring, gang, plot, conspiracy
delectable
adj. delightful, highly enjoyable; deliciously flavored, savory;
n. an appealing or appetizing food or dish
SYN: delicious, scrumptious
deprecate
v. to express mild disapproval; to belittle
SYN: deplore, frown upon
detritus
n. loose bits and pieces of material resulting from disintegration or wearing away; fragments that result from any destruction
SYN: debris, wreckage, ruins, rubble
ebullient
adj. overflowing with enthusiasm and excitement; boiling, bubbling
SYN: exhilarated, elated, exuberant
eclectic
adj. drawn from different sources
n. one whose beliefs are drawn from various sources
SYN: selective, synthetic, pick-and-choose
flaccid
adj. limp, not firm; lacking vigor or effectiveness
SYN: soft, flabby
impecunious
adj. having little or no money
SYN: penniless, impoverished, indigent
inexorable
adj. inflexible, beyond influence; relentless, unyielding
SYN: inescapable, ineluctable, obdurate
moribund
adj. dying, on the way out
SYN: obsolescent
necromancer
n. one who claims to reveal or influence the future though magic, epecially communication with the dead; in general, a magician or wizard
SYN: sorcerer, conjurer
onerous
adj. burdensome; involving hardship or difficulty
SYN: oppressive, weighty
rife
adj. common, prevalent, widespread, happening often; full, abounding; pelntiful, abundant, replete
rudiments
n. pl. the parts of any subject or discipline that are learned first; the earliest stages
SYN: basics, fundamentals
sequester
v. to set apart, separate for a special purpose; to take possession of and hold in custody
SYN: seclude, segregate, isolate, closet
winnow
v. to get rid of ssomething unwanted, delete; to sift through and obtain what is desirable; to remove the chaff from the wheat by blowing air on it; to blow on, fan
SYN: sift, strain, filter, sort
aesthetic
adj. pertaining to beauty; sensitive or responsive to beauty
SYN: artistic
defunct
adj. no longer in existence or functioning, dead
SYN: extinct, nonexistent
discomfit
v. to frustrate, thwart or defeat; to confuse, perplex or embarrass
SYN: nonplus, disconcert, foil
espouse
v. to take up and support; to become attached to, adopt; to marry
SYN: embrace, wed
fetish
n. an object believed to have magical powers; an object of unreasoning devotion or reverence
SYN: charm, talisman, obsession
gregarious
adj. living together in a herd or group; sociable, seeking the company of others
SYN: outgoing, extroverted
hapless
adj. marked by a persistent absense of good luck
SYN: unlucky, ill-starred, unfortunate
impeccable
adj. faultless, beyond criticism or blame
SYN: flawless, spotless, immaculate
importune
v. to trouble with demands; to beg for insistently
SYN: implore, entreat, dun, tax
interpolate
v. to insert between other parts or things; to present as an addition or correction
SYN: inject, interpose, introduce
irreparable
(adj) incapapble of being repaired or rectified
SYN: irremediable
laconic
(adj) concise, using few words
SYN: terse, succinct, pithy, compact
languish
(v) to become weak, feeble or dull; to droop; to be depressed or dispirited; to suffer neglect
SYN: flag, wilt, fade, pine
mendacious
(adj) given to lying or deception; untrue
SYN: untruthful, false
nadir
(n) the lowest point
SYN: rock bottom
omnipresent
(adj) present in all places at all times
SYN: ubiquitous, ever-present
perfunctory
(adj) done in a superificial or halfhearted manner; without interest or enthusiasm
SYN: slapdash, cursory, shallow
plaintive
(adj) expressive of sorrow or woe, melancholy
SYN: sad, doleful, lugubrious
requite
(v) to make suitable repayment, as for a kindness, service or favor; to make taliation, as for an injury or wrong; to reciprocate
SYN: reimburse, recompense, avenge
tantamount
(adj) equivamlent, having the same meaning, value or effect
SYN: indistinguishable from
abtruse
(adj) extremely difficult to understand
SYN: esoteric, arcane, recondite, occult
affront
(n) an open or intentional insult; a slight
(v) to insult to one's face; to face in difiance, confront
SYN: (n) offense (v) offend
canard
(v) a false rumor, fabricated story
SYN: hoax
captious
(adj) excessively ready to find fault; given to petty criticism; intended to trap, confuse or show up
SYN: faultfinding, nit-picking, carping
cognizant
(adj) aware, knowledgeable, informed; having jurisdiction
SYN: conscious, acquainted
contrite
(adj) regretful for some misdeed or sin; plagued by a sense of guilt; thoroughly penitent
SYN: remorseful, rueful
cynosure
(n) the center of attraction, attention or interest; something that serves to guide or direct
SYN: focus
decorous
(adj) well behaved, dignified, socially proper
SYN: seemly, becoming, tasteful
deign
(v) to think it appropriate or suitable to one's dignity to do something; to condescend
SYN: deem, stoop
desiccated
(adj., part.) thoroughly dried out; divested of spirit or vitality; arid and uninteresting
SYN: dehydrated, shriveled, parched
efficacy
(n) the power to produce a desired result
SYN: effectiveness, potency, reliability
engender
v. to bring into existence, give rise to, produce; to come into existence, assume form
SYN: beget, generate, cause, form
ethereal
adj. light, airy, delicate; highly refined; suggesting what is heavenly (rather than earthbound)
SYN: heavenly, celestial, gossamer
facade
n. the front or face of a building; a surface appearance (as opposed to what may lie behind)
SYN: exterior, surface, mask, pretense
ghoulish
adj. revolting in an unnatural or morbid way; suggestive of someone who robs graves or otherwise preys on the dead
SYN: fiendish, barbarous, monstrous
incongruous
adj. not in keeping, unsuitable, incompatible
SYN: discordant, jarring
machination
n. a crafty, scheming or underhanded action designed to accomplish some (usually evil) end
SYN: plot, scheme, maneuver
mesmerize
v. to hypnotize, entrance;l to fascinate, enthrall, bewitch
opprobrium
n. disgrace arising from shameful conduct; contempt, reproach
putative
adj. generally regarded as ssuch; reputed; hypothesized; inferred
SYN; supposed, presumed