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45 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Characteristics of Staph aureus
Gram+ cocci in clusters, catalase+, coagulase+, β hemolytic, ferments mannitol, salt tolerant
Characteristics of Staph epidirmidis
Gram+ cocci in clusters, catalase+, coagulase-, novobiocin sensitive
Characteristics of Staph saprophyticus
Gram+ cocci in clusters, catalase+, coagulase-, novobiocin resistant
Characteristics of S. pneumoniae
Gram+ catalase- lancet-chapes diplococci in chains, α hemolytic, "MOPS" optochin sensitive, bile soluble, +quellung
Characteristics of Viridans strep
Gram+ catalase- cocci, α hemolytic, optochin resistant, bile insoluble
Characteristics of S. pyogenes
Gram+ catalase- cocci, group B, β hemolytic, bacitracin sensitive, PYR+
Characteristics of S. agalactiae
Gram+ catalase- cocci, group A, β hemolytic, bacitracin resistant, cAMP test+
Characteristics of Enterococcus
Gram+ catalase- cocci, PYR+, hydrolizes esculin in 40% bile and 6.5% NaCl
Characteristics of Clostridium tetani
Gram+ spore-forming anaerobic rods
Characteristics of Clostridium botulinum
Gram+ spore-forming anaerobic rods
Characteristics of Clostridium perfingens
Gram+ spore-forming anaerobic rods, double zone of β hemolysis
Characteristics of Clostridium difficile
Gram+ spore-forming anaerobic rods
Characteristics of Corynebacterium diptheriae
Gram+ aerobic club-shaped rods, V or L shapes on tellurite, metachromatic granules on Leoffler. β-prophage contains diptheria toxin gene (lysogeny)
Characteristics of Bacillus
Gram+ spore-forming aerobic rods
Characteristics of Listeria
Gram+ rods with tumbling or actin jet motility, β hemolutic, cold growth, facultative intracellular
Characteristics of Actinomyces
Gram+, long branching filaments, non-acid fast anaerobic rods
Characteristics of Nocardia
Gram+, long branching filaments, partially acid-fast aerobic rods
Characteristics of Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Acid-fast aerobic rods on Lowenstein-Jensen medium, auramine-rhodamine stainning (fluorescent apple green). Mycolic acid lipids on cell wall
Characteristics of Mycobacterium lepreae
Acid-fast aerobic rods, can't be cultured (obligate intracellular). Mycolic acid lipids on cell wall
Characteristics of Neisseria menigitidis
Gram- kidneybean-shaped diplococci, growws on chocolate agar, maltose fermenter, polysaccharide capsule
Characteristics of Neisseria gonorrhoeae
Gram- kidneybean-shpaed diplococci, growws Thayer-Martin, maltose non-fermenter, no polysaccharide capsule
Characteristics of Haemophilus influezae
Gram- cocobacillus, requires factor X and V (chocolate agar). Satellite phenomenon near staph aureus on blood agar
Characteristics of Pasteurella
Gram- cocobacillus, anaerobic
Characteristics of Brucella
Gram- cocobacillus, aerobic, zoonosis, biowarfare
Characteristics of Bordetella pertussis
Gram- aerobic cocobacillus
Characteristics of Klebsiella
Gram- lactose-fermenting rods on MacConkey, polysacchride capsule, oxidase-
Characteristics of E. coli
Gram- lactose-fermenting rods on MacConkey, oxidase-
Characteristics of Shigella
Gram- nonlactose-fermenting rods on MacConkey, nonmotile, no H2S production, oxidase-
Characteristics of Salmonella
Gram- nonlactose-fermenting rods on MacConkey, highly motile, H2S producer, oxidase-
Characteristics of Proteus
Gram- nonlactose-fermenting rods with swarming motility, H2S producer, urease+, oxidase-
Characteristics of Pseudomonas
Gram- nonlactose-fermenting rods on MacConkey oxidase+, aerobic, produces green pigment pyocyanin
Characteristics of C. jejuni
Gram- nonlactose-fermenting curved rods with flagella, oxidase+, microaerophillic
Characteristics of H. pylori
Gram- nonlactose-fermenting helical rods with flagella, oxidase+, urease+, microaerophillic
Characteristics of Vibrio cholera
Gram- nonlactose-fermenting curved rod with flagella, oxidase+ grows on alkaline media (thiosulfate)
Characteristics of Francisella
Gram- facultative intracellular rods, zoonosis, biowarfare
Characteristics of Yersinia
Gram- coagulase+ rods with bipolar stainnning, facultative intracellular, zoonosis
Characteristics of Gardnerella
Gram variable rod, positive whiff fishy smell test
Characteristics of Bacteroides
Gram- anaerobic rod
Characteristics of Treponema
Gram- spirochete, spiral-shaped with axial filaments, dark microscopy
Characteristics of Borrelia
Gram- spirochete, spiral-shaped with axial filaments, microaerophilic
Characteristics of Leptospira
Gram- spirochete, spiral question mark-shaped with axial filaments
Characteristics of Rickettsia
Gram- (doesn't stain well) obligate intracellular rods
Characteristics of Coxiella
Gram- (doesn't stain well) obligate intracellular rods
Characteristics of Chlamydia
Obligate intracellular bug seen in Giemsa stain. Wall lacks muramic acid. Elementary body is infective, reticulate bodies are replicating in the cell
Characteristics of Mycoplasma
Lacks peptidoglycan cell wall, does not gram stain. Cholesterols in membrane