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26 Cards in this Set

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Location of Jura?
Eastern France, set amid the ski slopes of the French Alps. Vineyards are situated on the lower slopes of the Jura Mountains. Runs parallel to the Burgundy region.
Wine profile/styles for Jura?
Red, white, rosé, sparkling, vin de paille, vin jaune, and vin de liqueur. Especially known for vin de paille.
Climate of Jura?
Continental. Hot summers, cold winters. The mountain ranges can provoke sudden changes, although these may be mitigated by the effects of Lake Geneva and Lake Bouget.
Soil types of Jura?
Limestone mixed with clay over a subsoil of marl. At Arbois and Chateau-Chalon, there are limestone and marl topsoils over a base of sandy and gravelly marls.
What is Vin de Paille?
Jura. ‘Straw wine’. This wine is made from grapes that are dried to concentrate the juice, followed by a long fermentation and up to four years in wood. These are very sweet white wines with a rich, nutty, flavor.
What is Vin Jaune?
A unique style. Fermented from Savagnin in a normal manner, then left to age in sealed 228-liter wooden barrels for six years with no topping up. During this time, a sherry-like flor develops (called voile). The changes induced by the flor give the vin jaune a resemblance to fino sherry, but the fact that it is not fortified and from a different grape give a unique character. Bottled in a 620 ml bottle (supposedly the volume left of an original liter put into cask) called a clavelin. An acquired taste, and best drunk when very old. The best producer is Chateau Chalon.
• Many lesser vin jaunes are (unfortunately) blended back into otherwise light-bodied, fresh white table wines.
What is Vin Fou?
“Mad Wine”. Infamous, refreshing sparkling wine from Henri Maire. Has no appellation. Comes in various different cuvées. Introduced the world to Jura wines (other high-quality wines were too pricey and rare).
Arbois AC
Jura. The best-known and largest appellation of the Jura. Hometown of Louis Pasteur. This is the heart of red wine production in the Jura. Varietally-labeled red, white, and rosé wines. Pupillin is a single commune cru that can add its name to the AC of Arbois. Reds from Trousseau, Poulsard, and Pinot Noir. Whites are Savagnin, Chardonnay, and Pinot Blanc. Famous for its dry rosés made in the pale vin gris style. Also, vin jaune, vin de paille, and mousseux.
Arbois Mousseux AC
Jura. Sparkling wines under this appellation must be made by Méthode Traditionelle.
Chateau-Chalon AC
Jura. The most legendary exponent of vin jaune. Single estate AC for Vin Jaune, bottled in the squat, square bottle called a clavelin.
L’Etoile AC
Jura. Takes its name from the star-shaped limestone fossils in the soils. Vin Jaune, Vin de Paille, and some Mousseux made. Best known for Chardonnay-based white wines (with some Savagnin).
Côtes du Jura AC
Jura. Varietally-labeled wines. Light colored reds from Poulsard, Trousseau, and Pinot Noir. Most of the production is white wines from Savagnin and Chardonnay. Some vin gris-style rosé and mousseux are produced.
Crémant du Jura AC
Jura. This appellation was introduced in 1995, and can be used for any wine conforming to vin mousseux ACs of the Côtes du Jura.
Macvin du Jura AC
Jura. A vin de liqueur made by adding marc. White (from Chardonnay, Poulsard, and Savagnin), red (from Poulsard, Trousseau, and Pinot Noir), and rosé (from Poulsard, Trousseau, and Pinot Noir).
Location of Savoie?
Eastern France, set amid the ski slopes of the French Alps. Vineyards are situated on the lower slopes of the mountains. East of the Rhône and south of Lake Geneva. Cultivatable land is at a premium.
Climate of Savoie?
Continental. Hot summers, cold winters. The mountain ranges can provoke sudden changes, although these may be mitigated by the effects of Lake Geneva and Lake Bouget.
Soil types of Savoie?
Limestone scree, calcareous sand, and clay-like sand with alluvial deposits.
Varietals for Savoie?
Gamay, Mondeuse, and Pinot Noir for reds. Jacquère, Altesse (Roussette), Mondeuse Blanc, Chardonnay, Aligoté, and Chasselas for whites.
Vin de Savoie AC
Savoie. Generic appellation with high standards. Mostly white, with some red and rosé. Several varieties are permitted. The whites are mostly based on Jacquère. 15 villages can attach their name (best are: Apremont, Arbin, Chignin, Chignin-Bergeron [Roussanne only], and Montmélian – full list in Sotheby’s pg. 227). Blended and single varietal wines.
Vin de Savoie Mousseux AC, Vin de Savoie Pétillant AC
Savoie. Very consistent and undervalued generic traditional method sparkling wines. Primarily from Aligoté, Roussette, Jacquère, Chardonnay, Mondeuse, and Pinot Gris. The Pétillant is semi-sparkling, the mousseux fully.
Crépy AC
Savoie. Light-bodied dry white wine made from Chasselas.
Seyssel AC
Savoie. Whites and sparkling (Mousseux) made from Altesse (Roussette) and some Molette.
Roussette de Savoie AC
Savoie. Whites made from Altesse (aka Roussette), Mondeuse Blanc, and max 50% Chardonnay. Drier than Roussette de Bugey. Some villages may add their name to this appellation if the wine is 100% Roussette (Frangy, Marestel, Monterminod, and Monthoux).
Roussette du Bugey VDQS
Savoie. Light, fresh, and agreeable off-dry wines with few pretensions. Min 50% Roussette, plus Chardonnay (until 2008). Some villages may add their name to this appellation, if harvested within an extremely low yield (Anglefort, Arbignieu, Chanay, Lagnieu, Montagnieu, and Virieu-le-Grand).
Bugey VDQS
Savoie. Fresh and fruity reds made from Gamay, Pinot Noir, and Mondeuse. Off-dry whites made from primarily Chardonnay and some others. Also some rosés from the red varietals. Formerly called Vin de Bugey (changed in 2004). Some villages (Manicle, Montagnieu, Virieu-le-Grand) may append their name.
Bugey Cerdon VDQS
Savoie. Sparkling rosés made in the méthode ancestrale from Gamay and Poulsard. Must contain min. 40 g/l of R.S., making them demi-sec to doux.