Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

74 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
_____, I do observe you now of late:
I have not from your eyes that gentleness
And show of love as I was wont to have:
You bear too stubborn and too strange a hand
Over your friend that loves you.
Cassius is trying to convince Brutus to join the conspiracy
He is acting especially nice to him in order for Brutus to look on him favorably
Contrasts with Cassius and Brutus' arguments later in the play
Be not deceived: if I have veil'd my look,
I turn the trouble of my countenance
Merely upon myself. Vexed I am
Of late with passions of some difference,
Conceptions only proper to myself,
Which give some soil perhaps to my behaviors;
But let not therefore my good friends be grieved—
Among which number, Cassius, be you one—
Nor construe any further my neglect,
Than that poor ______, with himself at war,
Forgets the shows of love to other men.
Cassius is saying that he did not mean to be irritable
He is simply troubled (this lets Brutus know that Cassius is conflicted about Caesar being king)
'Tis just:
And it is very much lamented, _____,
That you have no such mirrors as will turn
Your hidden worthiness into your eye,
That you might see your shadow. I have heard
Where many of the best respect in Rome,—
Except immortal Caesar!—speaking of ______,
And groaning underneath this age's yoke,
Have wish'd that noble ______ had his eyes.
Responding to Brutus statement that eyes cannot see themselves (after Cassius asked if Brutus could see himself)
After agreeing, Cassius says that he is sorry that Brutus cannot see his true worth
This of self image comes up at many points throughout the play
Cassius is also bringing Caesar into the picture
In addition states that Brutus is well respected but of course not as much as Caesar
This makes Brutus question status compared to Caesar
I would not, ______; yet I love him well,
But wherefore do you hold me here so long?
What is it that you would impart to me?
If it be aught toward the general good,
Set honor in one eye and death i' the other
And I will look on both indifferently;
For let the gods so speed me as I love
The name of honor more than I fear death.
Prior to this Brutus reluctantly says that the people are giving more honors to Caesar
Cassius then asks if Brutus does not want this
Brutus responds saying he would not have it so, that he loves Caeser, but it is not for the general good that he becomes king
He also staes that he does not fear death if it is hororable
His motives for killing Caeser contrast sharply with those of Cassius
I know that virtue to be in you, _____,
As well as I do know your outward favor.
Well, honor is the subject of my story.
I cannot tell what you and other men
Think of this life; but, for my single self,
I had as lief not be as live to be
In awe of such a thing as I myself.
I was born free as Caesar; so were you:
We both have fed as well; and we can both
Endure the winter's cold as well as he:
Cassius says that he knows Brutus is honorable and that he is aswell
He is suggesting that Caeser is not
Than he describes how the to of them are equal
(Different Motives)
Why, man, he doth bestride the narrow world
Like a Colossus; and we petty men
Walk under his huge legs and peep about
To find ourselves dishonorable graves.
Men at some time are masters of their fates:
The fault, dear ______, is not in our stars,
But in ourselves,that we are underlings.
Why should that name be sounded more than yours?
Write them together, yours is as fair a name;
Sound them, it doth become the mouth as well;
Weigh them, it is as heavy; conjure with them,
Now, in the names of all the gods at once,
Upon what meat doth this our Caesar feed
That he is grown so great? Age, thou art shamed!
Rome, thou hast lost the breed of noble bloods!
When went there by an age since the great flood,
But it was famed with more than with one man?
When could they say, till now, that talk'd of Rome,
That her wide walls encompass'd but one man?
Now is it Rome indeed, and room enough,
When there is in it but one only man.
O, you and I have heard our fathers say
There was a _____ once that would have brook'd
Th' eternal devil to keep his state in Rome,
As easily as a king!
Caeser acts more powerful than everyone else
We should not be slaves
It is in our power to end this
More about equality
Discussion of how Rome's standards are slipping
Than dicusses an ancestor of Brutus who would have devil as much as a king
Let me have men about me that are fat;
Sleek-headed men, and such as sleep o' nights:
Yond Cassius has a lean and hungry look;
He thinks too much: such men are dangerous.
Caesar does not want to be threatened by ambitious people who could stand up to him
Cassius is no content and is looking for more, which makes him dangerous
Contrast between this side of Caesar and his macho self-image
Well, Brutus, thou art noble; yet, I see,
Thy honorable metal may be wrought,
From that it is disposed: therefore 'tis meet
That noble minds keep ever with their likes;
For who so firm that cannot be seduced?
Caesar doth bear me hard, but he loves Brutus;
If I were Brutus now and he were Cassius,
He should not humor me. I will this night,
In several hands, in at his windows throw,
As if they came from several citizens,
Writings all tending to the great opinion
That Rome holds of his name; wherein obscurely
Caesar's ambition shall be glanced at:
And after this let Caesar seat him sure;
For we will shake him, or worse days endure.
Saying that Brutus is noble but he can be manipulated
Goes broader and says that all men can be manipulated
Indeed, it is a strange-disposed time.
But men may construe things after their fashion,
Clean from the purpose of the things themselves.
Comes Caesar to the Capitol tomorrow?
Men tend to look at things from their own angle and interpret them the way that the want to
Sometimes they can do thing very severely
This interpretation comes into play at various points in the play
You are dull, ______; and those sparks of life
That should be in a Roman you do want,
Or else you use not. You look pale and gaze,
And put on fear and cast yourself in wonder,
To see the strange impatience of the Heavens:
But if you would consider the true cause
Why all these fires, why all these gliding ghosts,
Why birds and beasts,from quality and kind;
Why old men, fools, and children calculate;—
Why all these things change from their ordinance,
Their natures, and preformed faculties
To monstrous quality;—why, you shall find
That Heaven hath infused them with these spirits,
To make them instruments of fear and warning
Unto some monstrous state. Now could I, ______,
Name to thee a man most like this dreadful night;
That thunders, lightens, opens graves, and roars,
As doth the lion in the Capitol;
A man no mightier than thyself or me
In personal action; yet prodigious grown,
And fearful, as these strange eruptions are.
Responding to Casca's question about tempting the heavens
He says Romans should not be afraid
Then he says the lightning is not directed at him but who is like the lighting (terrifying)
He of course is implying that Caesar is like a strom and these are omens to him not Casca
Also shows that Cassius does not believe in fate, but in human intervention
Let it be who it is: for Romans now
Have thews and limbs like to their ancestors;
But, woe the while! our fathers' minds are dead,
And we are govern'd with our mothers' spirits;
Our yoke and sufferance show us womanish.
Previously Casca had identified the storm as Caesar
Using Brutus' philosophy he responds saying it doesn't matter who it is
Also states that they have the power to end captivity, but a sissy
I know where I will wear this dagger then;
Cassius from bondage will deliver Cassius:
Therein, ye gods, you make the weak most strong;
Therein, ye gods, you tyrants do defeat:
Nor stony tower, nor walls of beaten brass,
Nor airless dungeon, nor strong links of iron
Can be retentive to the strength of spirit;
But life, being weary of these worldly bars,
Never lacks power to dismiss itself.
If I know this, know all the world besides,
That part of tyranny that I do bear
I can shake off at pleasure.
Saying that he can kill Caesar and is the master of his own fate
Nothing can stop the strength of the spirit
Whenever Cassius wants, he can be free
So every bondman in his own hand bears
The power to cancel his captivity.
Agreeing with Cassius
And why should Caesar be a tyrant then?
Poor man! I know he would not be a wolf,
But that he sees the Romans are but sheep:
Caesar is not really that bad, rather, that the Romans were weak and willing to be herded
It must be by his death: and, for my part,
I know no personal cause to spurn at him,
But for the general. He would be crown'd:
How that might change his nature, there's the question:
It is the bright day that brings forth the adder;
And that craves wary walking. Crown him?—that:
And then, I grant, we put a sting in him,
That at his will he may do danger with.
Th' abuse of greatness is, when it disjoins
Remorse from power; and, to speak truth of Caesar,
I have not known when his affections sway'd
More than his reason. But 'tis a common proof,
That lowliness is young ambition's ladder,
Whereto the climber-upward turns his face;
But, when he once attains the upmost round,
He then unto the ladder turns his back,
Looks in the clouds, scorning the base degrees
By which he did ascend: so Caesar may;
And therefore think him as a serpent's egg
Which hatch'd, would, as his kind grow mischievous;
And kill him in the shell.
Brutus sees no other way to stop Caesar other than to kill him
Not for the general good
Caesar is not yet corupt, but power tends to currupt
Those who have it tend to turn their backs to those who helped them achieve it
Therefore Caesar must be killed before he becomes dangerous
This shall make our purpose neccessary, not envious
Talking about not killing Antony
If they did it would no longer be a noble quest
In addition Antony can't do much without Caesar
Brutus again demonstrates clear, logical thinking
Never fear that: if he be so resolved,
I can o'ersway him, for he loves to hear
That unicorns may be betray'd with trees,
And bears with glasses, elephants with holes,
Lions with toils, and men with flatterers:
But when I tell him he hates flatterers,
He says he does, being then most flattered.
Let me work;
For I can give his humor the true bent,
And I will bring him to the Capitol.
Caesar can easily be flattered
A piece of work that will make sick men whole.
Telling Ligarius (who is sick)that he is doing something that will make him better
This is a response to Ligarius complainng about Caeser and asking what to do
Are not some men whole who we must make sick?
Confirming that they need to kill Caesar
______ shall forth: the things that threaten me
Ne'er look but on my back; when they shall see
The face of ______, they are vanished.
Saying that he will not stay home just because his wife had a bad dream
This is inconsistent with his "fat people doctrine" and him then wanting to stay at home
Cowards die many times before their deaths;
The valiant never taste of death but once.
Of all the wonders that I yet have heard,
It seems to me most strange that men should fear;
Seeing that death, a necessary end,
Will come when it will come.—
Cowards die in their minds and are always worrying
He also states that he believes in destiny (death will come when it will come)
The gods do this in shame of cowardice:
_____ should be a beast without a heart,
If he should stay at home today for fear.
_____, I will, and so near will I be,
That your best friends shall wish I had been further.
Responding to Caesar's request to be nearer
He says he will be near enough to kill him so that Ceasar's friends will wish he was not so close
That every like is not the same, O _____,
The heart of Brutus yearns to think upon!
Said after Caesar invites him to have some wine
What is now amiss
That _____ and his Senate must redress?
HIS senate
I could be well moved, if I were as you;
If I could pray to move, prayers would move me:
But I am constant as the northern star,
Of whose true-fix'd and resting quality
There is no fellow in the firmament.
The skies are painted with unnumber'd sparks,
They are all fire, and every one doth shine;
But there's but one in all doth hold his place:
So in the world; 'tis furnish'd well with men,
And men are flesh and blood, and apprehensive;
Yet in the number I do know but one
That unassailable holds on his rank,
Unshaked of motion: and that I am he,
Let me a little show it, even in this,—
That I was constant ______ should be banish'd,
And constant do remain to keep him so.
Saying how he is constant
Contrasts with earlier indecisiveness
Et tu, Brute?—Then fall, Caesar!
Means: You too, Brutus
Caesar demonstrates the betrayal he feels after being stabbed by his dearest friend
Ambitions debt is paid.
Caesar had been killed because of his ambition
Brutus demonstrates here that he did not kill Caesar because he was jealous
Rather he did it because he thought that Caesar was truly too ambitions
then that friend demand why Brutus rose against Caesar, this is
my answer,—Not that I loved Caesar less, but that I loved Rome
Self Explanatory
Friends, Romans, countrymen, lend me your ears;
I come to bury Caesar, not to praise him.
He makes them believe that he is simply coming to bury his friend
He does not want to upset them after Brutus' speech
For Brutus is an honourable man;
If you have tears, prepare to shed them now.
You all do know this mantle: I remember
The first time ever Caesar put it on;
'Twas on a Summer's evening, in his tent,
That day he overcame the Nervii.
Look, in this place ran Cassius' dagger through:
See what a rent the envious Casca made:
Through this the well-beloved Brutus stabb'd;
And as he pluck'd his cursed steel away,
Mark how the blood of Caesar follow'd it,—
As rushing out of doors, to be resolved
If Brutus so unkindly knock'd, or no;
For Brutus, as you know, was Caesar's angel:
Judge, O you gods, how dearly Caesar loved him!
This was the most unkindest cut of all;
For when the noble Caesar saw him stab,
Ingratitude, more strong than traitors' arms,
Quite vanquish'd him: then burst his mighty heart;
And, in his mantle muffling up his face,
Even at the base of Pompey's statua,
Which all the while ran blood, great Caesar fell.
O, what a fall was there, my countrymen!
Then I, and you, and all of us fell down,
Whilst bloody treason flourish'd over us.
O, now you weep; and, I perceive, you feel
The dint of pity: these are gracious drops.
Kind souls, what, weep you when you but behold
Our Caesar's vesture wounded? Look you here,
Here is himself, marr'd, as you see, with traitors.
Good friends, sweet friends, let me not stir you up
To such a sudden flood of mutiny.
They that have done this deed are honourable:
What private griefs they have, alas, I know not,
That made them do it; they're wise and honourable,
And will, no doubt, with reasons answer you.
I come not, friends, to steal away your hearts:
I am no orator, as Brutus is;
But, as you know me all, a plain blunt man,
That love my friend; and that they know full well
That gave me public leave to speak of him:
For I have neither wit, nor words, nor worth,
Action, nor utterance, nor the power of speech,
To stir men's blood: I only speak right on;
I tell you that which you yourselves do know;
Show you sweet Caesar's wounds, poor dumb mouths,
And bid them speak for me: but were I Brutus,
And Brutus Antony, there were an Antony
Would ruffle up your spirits, and put a tongue
In every wound of Caesar, that should move
The stones of Rome to rise and mutiny.
Cinna (poet scene)
Mob interprets (clean of the hinges) what Cinna is saying and change it into what they want to hear
_______, I have seen more days than you:
And, though we lay these honors on this man,
To ease ourselves of divers slanderous loads,
He shall but bear them as the ass bears gold,
To groan and sweat under the business,
Either led or driven, as we point the way;
And having brought our treasure where we will,
Then take we down his load and turn him off,
Like to the empty ass, to shake his ears
And graze in commons.
Brutus begins to show greed and does not want to spilt the kingdom 3-way
Let us do so: for we are at the stake,
And bay'd about with many enemies;
And some that smile have in their hearts, I fear,
Millions of mischiefs.
People who may not be loyal
He greets me well.—Your master, ______,
In his own change, or by ill officers,
Hath given me some worthy cause to wish
Things done, undone: but, if he be at hand,
I shall be satisfied.
Saying that he is worried about things that he did, but if Cassius is okay, so is he
With courtesy and with respect enough;
But not with such familiar instances,
Nor with such free and friendly conference,
As he hath used of old.
Evidence showing that Cassius did not greet him in his usual familiar way
Thou hast described
A hot friend cooling: ever note, Lucilius,
When love begins to sicken and decay,
It useth an enforced ceremony.
There are no tricks in plain and simple faith;
But hollow men, like horses hot at hand,
Make gallant show and promise of their mettle;
But, when they should endure the bloody spur,
They fall their crests, and, like deceitful jades
Sink in the trial. Comes his army on?
Says that when friendships begin to break up, they become awkward and forced
Then says hollow men are like horses energetic horses, who in the middle of the race, stop
Remember March, the Ides of March remember:
Did not great Julius bleed for justice' sake?
What villain touch'd his body, that did stab,
And not for justice? What! shall one of us,
That struck the foremost man of all this world
But for supporting robbers,—shall we now
Contaminate our fingers with base bribes
And sell the mighty space of our large honours
For so much trash as may be grasped thus?
I had rather be a dog, and bay the moon,
Than such a Roman.
Suggesting that Cassius killed Caesar because of jealousy
You have done that you should be sorry for.
There is no terror, Cassius, in your threats,
For I am arm'd so strong in honesty,
That they pass by me as the idle wind
Which I respect not. I did send to you
For certain sums of gold, which you denied me;—
For I can raise no money by vile means:
By Heaven, I had rather coin my heart,
And drop my blood for drachmas, than to wring
From the hard hands of peasants their vile trash
By any indirection:—I did send
To you for gold to pay my legions,
Which you denied me: was that done like ______?
Should I have answer'd ______ ______ so?
When ______ ______ grows so covetous
To lock such rascal counters from his friends,
Be ready, gods, with all your thunderbolts,
Dash him to pieces!
Brutus is saying that he is not afraid of Cassius' threats because he knows that he is right
Then he goes on to say that Cassius denied him money that he needed and uses this to prove Cassius' greed
Brutus then accuses Cassius of taking bribes, but Brutus still wants the money???
Then he says if he ever becomes so greedy he would want to die
How 'scaped I killing, when I cross'd you so?—
O insupportable and touching loss!—
Upon what sickness?
He is apologizing to Brutus for being so mean
Cassius did not know that Brutus' wife had died
He then commends Brutus for not tearing him to pieces
That by proscription and bills of outlawry
Octavius, Antony, and Lepidus
Have put to death an hundred Senators.
Shows that Antony, Octavius, and Lepidus have killed numerous senators
Even so great men great losses should endure.
Great men should have to endure hardships because they can handle it.
Weaker men can not stand a loss like that, so determined men, the only ones who CAN bear it, must.
What, thou speak'st drowsily:
Poor knave, I blame thee not, thou art o'er-watch'd.
Call Claudius and some other of my men;
I'll have them sleep on cushions in my tent.
This shows a kinder, gentler side of Brutus that we have not seen at any other point in the play
Brutus now becomes a deeper character with more faces and sides
Words before blows: is it so, countrymen?
Are we going to talk before fighting?
Not that we love words better, as you do.
Accusing Brutus and Cassius of being timid.
Good words are better than bad strokes _______.
Suggesting that it might be better to talk things over rather than fighting.
In your bad strokes, ______, you give good words:
Witness the hole you made in Caesar's heart,
Crying, "Long live! Hail, Caesar!"
Accusing Brutus of sugarcoating killing Caesar by praising him (hypocritical)
The posture of your blows are yet unknown;
But for your words, they rob the Hybla bees,
And leave them honeyless.
Referring to his funeral speech
So I hope;
I was not born to die on _______'s sword.
Self Explanatory
O, if thou wert the noblest of thy strain,
Young man, thou couldst not die more honourably.
This is my birth-day; as this very day
Was ______born. Give me thy hand, ______:
Be thou my witness that against my will,
As Pompey was, am I compell'd to set
Upon one battle all our liberties.
You know that I held Epicurus strong,
And his opinion: now I change my mind,
And partly credit things that do presage.
Coming from Sardis, on our former ensign
Two mighty eagles fell; and there they perch'd,
Gorging and feeding from our soldiers' hands;
Who to Philippi here consorted us:
This morning are they fled away and gone;
And in their steads do ravens, crows, and kites
Fly o'er our heads and downward look on us,
As we were sickly prey: their shadows seem
A canopy most fatal, under which 95
Our army lies, ready to give up the ghost.
When Cassius gets afraid, he becomes superstitious
I but believe it partly;
For I am fresh of spirit, and resolved
To meet all perils very constantly.
Now, most noble ______,
The gods to-day stand friendly, that we may,
Lovers in peace, lead on our days to age!
But, since th' affairs of men rest still incertain,
Let's reason with the worst that may befall.
If we do lose this battle, then is this
The very last time we shall speak together:
What are you then determined to do?
Asking gods for good luck
Then asking Brutus what they should do if they neve see each other again
Even by the rule of that philosophy
By which I did blame Cato for the death
Which he did give himself;—I know not how,
But I do find it cowardly and vile,
For fear of what might fall, so to prevent
The time of life;—arming myself with patience
To stay the providence of some high powers
That govern us below.
Saying don't commit suicide (but they both do)
Then, if we lose this battle,
You are contented to be led in triumph
Thorough the streets of Rome?
Inquiring if they want to be trophies
No, ______, no: think not, thou noble Roman,
That ever ______will go bound to Rome;
He bears too great a mind. But this same day
Must end that work the Ides of March begun;
And whether we shall meet again I know not.
Therefore our everlasting farewell take:
For ever, and for ever, farewell, ______!
If we do meet again, why, we shall smile;
If not, why, then this parting was well made.
Brutus says don't think about losing and don't worry
if we don't see each other again, big deal, and if we do, thats okay
Then he says that if they don't this was a good goodbye
For ever and for ever farewell, ______!
If we do meet again, we'll smile indeed;
If not, 'tis true this parting was well made.
Wishing Farewell
Why then, lead on. O, that a man might know
The end of this day's business ere it come!
But it sufficeth that the day will end,
And then the end is known.—Come, ho! away!
Wishing Farewell
O, look, ______, look, the villains fly!
Myself have to mine own turn'd enemy:
This ensign here of mine was turning back;
I slew the coward, and did take it from him.
Fly further off, my lord, fly further off;
Mark Antony is in your tents, my lord:
Fly, therefore, noble ______, fly far' off.
Demonstrates that Cassius soldiers care for him
This hill is far enough.—Look, look, ______;
Are those my tents where I perceive the fire?
Asking Titinius to see is his tents are burning
They are, my lord.
Telling Cassius that his tents are on fire
______, if thou lovest me,
Mount thou my horse and hide thy spurs in him,
Till he have brought thee up to yonder troops
And here again; that I may rest assured
Whether yond troops are friend or enemy.
Check out if those are enemy trops of Brutus'
I will be here again even with a thought.
Loyalty of Cassius' army
Go, ______, get higher on that hill:
My sight was ever thick: regard Titinius,
And tell me what thou notest about the field.—
Asking Pindarus about situation of the battle
Then he says that his life has been completed
Come hither, sirrah:
In Parthia did I take thee prisoner;
And then I swore thee, saving of thy life,
That whatsoever I did bid thee do,
Thou shouldst attempt it. Come now, keep thine oath;
Now be a freeman; and with this good sword,
That ran through Caesar's bowels, search this bosom.
Stand not to answer: here, take thou the hilts;
And when my face is cover'd, as 'tis now,
Guide thou the sword.—Caesar, thou art revenged,
Even with the sword that kill'd thee.
Frees Pindarus
Dicussing that Caesar is avenged and that he is going to kill himself
Recognizes that his dying is because he killed Caesar
So, I am free, yet would not so have been,
Himself/Dead Cassius
Saying that he is free, but that he didn't want to be
He loved Cassius
The sun of Rome is set.
Cassius has died
Sun = sun and son
Why didst thou send me forth, brave Cassius?
Did I not meet thy friends? And did not they
Put on my brows this wreath of victory,
And bid me give it thee? Didst thou not hear their shouts?
Alas, thou hast misconstrued every thing!
But, hold thee, take this garland on thy brow;
Thy Brutus bid me give it thee, and I
Will do his bidding.—Brutus, come apace,
And see how I regarded Caius Cassius.—
By your leave, gods: this is a Roman's part:
Come, Cassius' sword, and find ______heart.
Lammenting Cassius' death
Gives him a wreath of vitory
Shows love of Cassius' men for him (they're willing to kill themselves?)
O Julius Caesar, thou art mighty yet!
Thy spirit walks abroad, and turns our swords
In our own proper entrails.
Saying that Caesar is still powerful even when dead (Antony and Octavius)
Why, this, ______:
The ghost of Caesar hath appear'd to me
Two several times by night; at Sardis once,
And this last night here in Philippi fields:
I know my hour is come.
He has seen Caesar's ghost again
This was the noblest Roman of them all:
All the conspirators, save only he,
Did that they did in envy of great Caesar;
He only, in a general-honest thought
And common good to all, made one of them.
His life was gentle; and the elements
So mix'd in him that Nature might stand up
And say to all the world, "This was a man!"
Saying Brutus killed for justice and that the other killed for jealousy