Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/40

Click to flip

40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What part of the ear functions as an impedance matching device for the auditory system?
The middle ear
What parts of the vestibular systems are responsive to linear acceleration?
The saccule and utricle
What part of the cochlea is the channel through which blood vessels and nerve fibers course?
The modiolus
What part of the brain connects both cerebral hemispheres?
The corpus callosum
What is the Dynamic Range?
Dynamic Range is the range between the threshold of sensitivity and the threshold of discomfort.
True or False. The middle ear is fluid filled and the inner ear is air filled.
False
What is the term used to describe a reduction in hearing sensitivity due to a disorder in the outer or middle ear?
Conductive Hearing Loss
What is the term used to describe a reduction in hearing sensitivity due to a combination of outer or middle and inner ear?
Mixed Hearing Loss
What is the term used to describe a reduction in hearing sensitivity due to the disorder of the cochlear?
Sensorineural Hearing Loss
The most common cause of transient conductive hearing loss in children is ....
Ottis Media with Effusion
What is Presbyacusis?
Presbyacusis is a decline of the hearing process as a result of the aging process.
What condition is characterized by vertigo, tinnitus, hearing loss and pressure in the affected ear?
Menieres disease
What is are differences in disorder detection between air conduction and bone conduction testing?
Air conduction testing is used to reflects disorders along the entire conductive and sensorineural systems from middle ear to cochlear to auditory nerve. While bone conduction reflects only disorder in the cochlear and auditory nerve.
What are Spondaic Words?
Spondaic words are two syllable words spoken with equal emphasis on each syllable. eg.northwest, cowboy, hotdog
List three immittance measures used in clinical assessments?
Tympanometry, static immittance and acoustic reflex threshold
True of false. On an audiogram, a square is used to notate air conduction results.
False.
List two sound resonators in the auditory system.
1. Auricle - resonates enhances sound around 4500 Hz
2. External Auditory Meatus enhances sounds around 2700Hz
What is the term used to define the length of time for a sine wave to complete one cycle?
Period
What is the back and forth movement of an object called?
Simple Harmonic Motion
What is the leading cause of sensorineural hearing loss, besides presbyacusis?
Acoustic trauma
What instrument measures the hearing sensitivity for a range of frequencies?
Audiometer
What is the air-bone gap?
The air-bone gap is the difference between air and bone conduction thresholds. A difference may indicate a conductive component in hearing loss.
List four Hearing Aids styles.
1. Behind The Ear (BTE)
2. In The Ear (ITE)
3. In The Canal (ITC)
4. Completely In The Canal (CIC)
Name 5 factors involved in the selection of hearing aids.
1. Degree of hearing loss
2. User preference
3. Costs
4. Life styles
5. Physical status
True or False. A cochlear implant is effective because it replaces the hair-cell transducer system by stimulating the auditory system directly, by-passing the damaged or missing hair-cells.
True
True or False. Only children 5 years and older are suitable candidates for cochlear implants.
False. Children as young as 12 months can be fitted with cochlear implants.
True or False. A speech-language pathologist is responsible for fitting patients for a hearing aid.
Fasle
What are Tactile Aids?
Tactile Aids are devices that permit sounds awareness by vibrotactile sensation to the user skin.
What are the 3 fundamental components of a hearing aid?
1. A microphone
2. An amplifier
3. A receiver
What are the four design principles of Auditory Training curricula?
1. Auditory Skill
2. Stimuli
3. Activity Type
4. Difficulty level
What is the term used to define the prosodic aspects of speech including variation in pitch, rate, intensity and duration?
Suprasegmentals
What is the consonant feature that is typically most difficult for persons with hearing loss to hear?
Place of articulation
An activity where a client is asked to discriminate word pairs is best described as ...
Analytic training
What are Visemes?
Visemes are groups of speech sounds that appear identical on the lips for example p, b, m
What are Homophenes?
Homophenes are words that look identical on the mouth
Researchers have classified hand gestures to what six categories?
1. Emblematic - V for victory sign
2. Iconic
3. Metaphoric
4. Deictic
5. Beat
6. Regulatory
What are repair strategies?
Repair strategies are tactics implemented by participants in a conversation to rectify breakdown in communication.
List 4 kinds of communication styles?
1. Passive
2. Aggressive
3. Passive-Aggressive
Assertive
What is Personal Adjustment Counseling?
Personal Adjustment Counseling is focuses on the permanency of the hearing loss and the psychological, social and emotional acceptance.
What is a Noise Notch?
A Noise Notch is a pattern of audiometric thresholds characterized by a dip in hearing sensitivity at 4,000Hz and is often found in someone who has a history of noise exposure