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153 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What was the year Judo was founded?
1882
What is the name if the school Dr. Kano founded?
Kodokan
Who was the founder of Judo?
Dr. Jigoro Kano
What are the two principals of Judo?
Maximum efficiency –
Seiryoku Zenyo
Mutual benefit & welfare –
Jita Kyoei
How long have unarmed combat martial arts been practiced in Japan?
600 to 1500 years
What was unarmed combat called in Japan before Judo?
Jujutsu
What are the junior judo belt colors?
White, Yellow, Orange, Green, Blue and Purple
Same grip used by both persons, either right or left
Ai-yotsu
What are the three parts of a Judo throw:
Balance - Kuzushi
Entry - Tsukuri
Execution - Kake
Foot, leg
Ashi
Foot Techniques
Ashi Waza
Striking Techniques
Atemi Waza
Ordinary pattern of walking
Ayumi Ahi
Instant Promotion
Batsugun
Martial Arts
Budo
Warrior's Code
Bushido
Black belt Rank
Dan
Instant of opportunity to break balance as opponent initiates a motion
Debana
School or traning hall for studying the way
Dojo
Collar, Lapel
Eri
Immovable Spirit
Fudoshin
Escapes
Fusegi
Win by defult
Fusen Gachi
Reactive initiative -- attacking in response to an attack
Go no Sen
Begin
Hajine
Unbalancing by reaction
Hando no Kuzushi
Most serious penalty, disqualification
Hansoku-make
Referee call for judge's decision
Hantei
Kuzushi in 8 directions
Happo no Kuzushi
Stomach
Hara
Left
Hidari
Elbow
Hiji
No decision -- tie or draw
Hiki-wake
Pulling hand -- usually the hand gripping a sleeve
Hikite
Knee
Hiza
Victory in one move, one point
Ippon
Defensive posture
Jigotai
Referee call to stop the clock
Jikan
Cross Strangle
Juji Jime
Principle of mutual prosperity
Jita Kyoei
Place of honor, upper seat
Joseki
Gentle or flexible way
Judo
A Judo life -- Spending one's life in the diligent pursuit of Judo
Judo Ichidai
Judo Practice Uniform
Judogi/Gi
One who studies Judo
Judoka
Forms of gentleness
Ju no Kata
Principle of fexibility or yielding
Ju no Ri
Gentle art
Jujutsu
Counter Techniques
Kaeshi Waza
Completion or execution of technique
Kake
Joint locking techniques
Kansetsu Waza
Shoulder
Kata
Forms of grappling
Katame no kata
Opposite grips used by each person, one right/one left
Kenka Yotsu
Spirit gathering shout
Kiai
Classical Forms of Attack and Defense
Kime no Kata
Techniques prohibited in competition
Kinishi Waza
Attention
Ki o tsuke
High ranking judoka -- 5th dan and above
Kodansha
Judo institute in Tokyo where judo was founded
Kodokan
Request for judoka to be more active
Kogeki-Seyo
Score less than yuko
Koka
Hip
Koshi
Hip Techniques
Koshi Waza
Neck
Kubi
Gripping methods
Kumikata
Modified hold
Kuzure
Unbalancing the opponent
Kuzushi
Student Rank
Kyu
Space or engagement distance
Maai
Forward, front
Mae
Frontal escapes
Mae Sabaki
Falling Forward
Mae Ukemi
Back Sacrifice throws
Masutemi Waza
Stop
Matte
Right
Migi
Students below black belt
Mudansha
Chest
Mune
Throw
Nage
Forms of throwing
Nage no Kata
Repetitive throwing practice
Nagekomi
Throwing techniques
Nage Waza
Techniques on the ground
Ne Waza
Judo Belt
Obi
Secret Teachings
Okuden
Pin, referee call to begin timing
Osaekomi
Pinning Techniques
Osaekomi Waza
Escape, stop timiing of hold
Osawekomi Toketa
Free Practice
Randori
Forms of free practice techniques
Randori no Kata
Techniques for free practice
Randori Waza
Bow
Rei
Forms of respect, manners, etiquette
Reiho
Combination Techniques
Renraku Waza
Standing Bow
Ritsurei
A point in the abdomen that is the center of gravity
Seika Tanden
Principle of maximun efficiency
Seiryoku Zenyo
Formal Kneeling Posture
Seiza
Attack initiative
Sen
Teacher, Instructor
Sensei
Contest
Shiai
Competion area
Shiaijo
Penalty, equal to koka score
Shido
Titile for a model teacher or "teacher who sets the standard" (e.g. Kano-shihan)
Shihan
Choking Techniques
Shime Waza
Referee
Shinpan
Moving forwards, sideways & backwards
Shintai
Posture
Shisei
Natural posture
Shizentai
Dojo Front
Shomen
Sleeve
Sode
Founder of a martial art of ryu (e.g. Jigoro Kano)
Soke
Stop Action; command to freeze
Sono Mama
Finished, time is up
Sore Made
Randori throwing practice against a higher level Judoka
Sute Geiko
Sacrifice Techniques
Sutemi Waza
Standing Techniques
Tachi Waza
Body control, turning
Tai Subaki
Mat
Tatami
Hand, arm
Te
Hand Techniques
Te Waza
Wrist
Tekubi
Favorite or best technique
Tokui Waza
Attacker or person initiating a technique
Tori
Walking by brining one foot up to another
Tsugi Ashi
Entry into a technique, positioning
Tsukuri
Lifting hand
Tsurite
Repeated practice without completion
Uchikomi
Arm
Ude
Person recieving the technique
Uke
Breakfall technique
Ukemi
Backward, rear
Ushiro
Back movement control
Ushiro Sabaki
Falling backward
Ushiro Ukemi
Armpit
Waki
Technique
Waza
Near ippon or half point
Waza Ari
Two Waza-ari for the win
Waza ari Awasete Ippon
Pre-arranged free practice
Yakusoku Geiko (or renshu)
Side
Yoko
Sideways rolling breakfall
Yoko Kaiten Ukemi
Side sacrifice throws
Yoko Sutemi Waza
Falling sideways
Yoko Ukemi
Resume Action, continue
Yoshi
Finger
Yubi
Person who earned the blackbelt
Yudansha
Black Belt
Yudanshakai
Score less than a waza-ari
Yuko
Win by judge's decision
Yusei Gachi
Awareness
Zanshin
Kneeling salutation
Zarei
Forward rolling breakfall
Zenpo Kaiten Ukemi
Pants
Zubon