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16 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
full faith and credit
states must respect and enforce the judicial rulings of other states
adversarial system
judge as referee - U.S. model
inquisitorial system
judge may question witnesses and evaluate evidence - U.K. model
dual court system
state and federal courts in same geographical area
civil lawsuit
contract/property disputes, accidents etc. involving a private party (including the gov.)
criminal lawsuit
deal w. punishment
bench trial
mostly civil law, trial before only a judge
jury trial
mostly for criminal law, civil lawsuits can pay for a jury
federal court system
94 district -> 13 circuit courts of appeals -> S.C.
state court system
state & local trial courts -> state courts of appeal -> state supreme court -> S.C.
ruth bader ginsberg
liberal S.C. justice
women's rights
Clinton 1993
harriet miers
nominated by W. Bush to replace Sandra Day O'Connor but withdrew
sandra day o' connor
first woman S.C. justice
Reagan
Samuel Alito
replaced Sandra Day O'Connor
2005 W. Bush
types of judicial selection
partisan/nonpartisan elections
merit selection
gubernatorial/legislative appointment
litmus test
asking a judicial nominee how they would rule on certain cases (i.e. Roe v. Wade)