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46 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Reasonable ground, a good basis for the belief that something is true, a crime has been committed
Probable Cause
Guarantee that government will not deprive any person of life, liberty, or property by any unfair, arbitrary or unreasonable action.
Due Process Clause
Policy that requires most employers to take positive steps to remedy the effects of past discriminations
Affirmation Action
Refers to positive acts of government that seek to make constitutional guarantees a reality for all
Civil Rights
Power of a state to act to protect and promote the public health, safety, morals and welfare
Police Power
The party who brings a suit or legal action against another
Money the accused may be required to post as a guarantee they will appear in court at the proper time
Guarantees of the safety of persons, opinions and property form the arbitrary acts of government.
Civil Liberties
One who leaves his or her home seeking safety from war or other dangers
Satisfaction of a claim brought in court
Spying for a foreign power
Written statement by one or more judges who disagree with a court decision
Dissenting Opinion
Formal charge of crime brought against a person by the prosecutor directly
Written statement by a majority of judges supporting an opinion.
Majority Opinion
Legislative act that inflicts punishment upon a person or group without a trial.
Bill of Atainder
Powers shared by federal and state courts to hear certain cases.
Concurrent Jurisdiction
A trial held without a jury, the judge acts also as the jury
Bench Trial
Power to hear a case first, before any other court.
Original Jurisdiction
Formal accusation of crime brought by a grand jury of its own motion
The person against whom a court action is brought by a plaintiff.
Crime of disloyalty
One who is not a citizen of the state in which he/she lives
Isolation and separation of one group from another
Part of the 1st amendment that guarantees to each person the right to believe whatever you choose in matters of religion
Free Exercise Clause
Patrolling of a business site by workers on strike
Power of a court to try and decide a case
Public land set aside by the government for use by Native Americans.
A method of putting a case before the Supreme Court
A listing of constitutional rights that suspects must be advised of before police questioning.
Miranda Rule
Authority of a court to review decisions of a lower court.
Appellate Jurisdiction
Accusation by a grand jury, formal finding there is enough evidence to warrant a trial
Power of the federal courts alone to hear a case
Exclusive Jurisdiction
Spoken, written or other action promoting resistance to lawful authority, especially advocating the overthrow of the government
Order by a higher court to a lower court to send up records for review.
Writ of Certiorari
Criminal law applied retroactively to the disadvantage of the accused
Ex Post Facto Law
Written statement of one or more judges who support a decision but disagree with the grounds for that decision.
Concurring Opinion
Trial a second time for a crime of which the accused was acquitted the first time
Double Jeopardy
First 10 amendments of the constitution
Bill of Rights
Body of 12 to 23 people convened by a court to decide whether or not there is enough evidence o bring a person to trial
Grand Jury
Part of the 1st amendment prohibiting either the establishment of a religion or sanctioning of an existing religion by the government
Establishment Clause
Rules which require a certain number of jobs or promotions to go to certain groups.
Law found in some states that protect reporters from being forced to disclose confidential information from sources.
Shield Law
Expression of beliefs, ideas by conduct rather than in speech or print.
Symbolic Speech
The law of the blood. Citizenship by birth
Jus Sanguinis
Court order that a prisoner be brought before the court and that the detaining officer show cause why the prisoner should not be released
Writ of Certiorari
Evidence gained by illegal or unreasonable means cannot be used at the court trial
Exclusionary Clause