Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/37

Click to flip

37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Shabbat
THe JEwish Sabbath, from Friday at sundown until Saturday at sundown
Kiddush
Ceremonial family blessing and meal Friday night to welcome the Sabbath
Challah
THe special braided bread baked specially for the Sabbath meal
Havdalah
a family ceremony on Saturday night marking the end of Sabbath
Kashrut
The term which describes the Jewish "kosher" dietary laws
Kosher
the term describing food as "fit" or "proper"
Treif
The word meaning "torn" that describes un-kosher food
Pareve
THis word describes foods which are considered "neutral"
Brit Mila
Convenant biblical circumcision for Jewish males
Bar Mitzvah
A ceremony where 13 year old Jewish boys become "son of the commandment"
Bat Mitzvah
Similar to Bar Mitsvah, in Reform, for girls who have turned 12 years old
Halakah
THe term means "walk" or "way" -- describes the body of Jewish law and practice
Shema
THe most sacred prayer in Judaism - repetition in Hrebrew of Deuteronomy 6:4-9
Talit
The prayer shawl with colored bands and fringes
Talit Katan
A linen undershirt eith fringes worn by some Orthodox men
Tzitzit
THe biblical term for "fringe" - the fringes on the Talit prayer shawl
Tefilin
Small leather prayer boxes bound to the head and arm during prayer
Mezuza
The word means "doorpost" -- a small container with a scripture passage inside
Kippa
Jewish skull cap worn by males for prayer and sacred occasions
Shofar
Hebrew term for the ram's horn blown on Rash Ha-SHannah and holy occasions
Menorah
Herbrew term for "lamp" with multiple arms
Rash Ha-Shannah
The Jewish New Year, beginning day of the month of fall holidays
Yom Kippur
THe biblical day of atonement, a solemn day of fasting in Judaism
High Holy Days
Rosh Ha-Shannah, followed by Yom Kippur ten days later
Sukkot
THe weeklong Feast of Tabernacles each fall
Shemini Atzeret
THe "eighth" additional holiday right after the seven days of Sukkot
Simhat Torah
THe "joyful day of Torah" at the end of teh SUkkot week each fall
Pessah
The biblical Spring festival of Passover
Seder
The ritual feast of Passover - the term means "order"
Shavuot
Biblical feast of Weeks, early Summer festival 50 days after Pessah
Tisha Be-Av
The "Ninth of Av" - summer day of morning destruction of the temple
Hanukah
The term means "dedication" - refers to the Winter "Feast of Dedication"
Hanukaih
THe specific term for the nine-armed Hanukah menorah
Dreidel
A small, four sided top which children play with at Hanukah
Purim
The early Spring celebration invovlving the reading of the story of Esther
Kabalah
THe term for mystical, even magical, Jewish traditions of the middle ages
Synagogue
The Jewish meeting house or house of worship