Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/59

Click to flip

59 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
This means rule
Canon
plural for books, many books
biblia
means teaching
Torah
the 5 scrolls are called
pentateuch
means study
Talmud
a revelation or appearance of God
Theophany
a contract; the contract between the Hebrews and their God, Yahweh
Convenant
the father of judhaism
Abraham
liberation from slavery
passover
place where moses gets the 10 commandements/ torah
Sinai
10 commandements/10 words
decalogue
commandment plural. boy girl
Mitzvoth. Bar and Bat mitzvah
defeated israel
Assyrians
destruction of historical representation
10 Lost Tribes
Defeated Judah
Babylonians
nevi'im
prophets
rest; the seventh day of the week a day of prayer and rest from work
sabbath
a religious teacher jewish minister
Rabbis
priestly; viewed only the torah as sacred/inspired
sadducees
emphasized keeeping the laws accepted a wider cannon, and oral tradition
pharisees
a patriotic faction opposing Roman rule
Zealots
Communal, celibate, desert life
essenes
a savior figure to be sent by od, awaited by the Jews
messiah
Phylacteries; two small boxes containging biblical passages that are worn by orthodox males on their head and left arm at morning prayer during the week
tefilin
a small container containing scripture
mezuzah
food that is ritually clean fit
kosher/kashrut
a rams horn
shofar
Beginning tof the year; the celebration of the Jewish New Year; occurring in the seventh lunar month
Rosh Hashanah
Day if Atonement, the most sacred day of the Jewish year
Yom Kippur
holy burn, extermination
holocause or Shoah
movement of jewish nationalism
zionism
is a specific branch of theology and philosophy that attempts to reconcile the existence of evil or suffering in the world with the assumption of a benevolent God —ie. the problem of evil. An attempt to reconcile the co-existence of evil and God
theodicy
the dispersion of Jews beyond israel, particularyly to Persia, Eguypt, and the Mediterraneana region
diaspora
What are the three unique dimensions of jewish religious identity?
1.God
2. Israel
3. Torah
which means: amonotheistic religion, and historical culture and people, and a literary/legal traditon.
What are the two major divisoins of Jewish history?
Biblical and rabbinical judaism
what time period was Establishing a homeland? What was significant?
1800 BCE
Avraham's family history to egyptian slavery
What time period was the Babylonian Exile? What is significant
586BCE
Destructoin of 1st temple and kingdom of Judah. Development of synagogue. 2nd temple period;
When was the 2nd temple period?
515BCE
What time period was the destruction of the 2nd temple by Rome & Diaspora(disperson) of the Jews?
70 CE
What time period was the Reform(response to the Enlightenment)?
1800CE new branches of Judaism. Holocaust and Zionism
What's the primary "cultic" difference between Biblical and Rabbinical Judaism?
A) priest- sacrifices-temple
B) rabbis- torah-synagogue
What are the three sections of the hebrew bible?
Torah, Nevi'im, Kethuvim
Comprises 5 books. Another name is the Pentateuch. considered to be the books of moses
Torah
writings. Imaginative; sotries, proverbs, psalms
Kethuvium
the Northern 10 tribes that were defeated by Assyria in 722 BCE. Capital is Samaria
Israel
The Southern 2 tribes. Capital in Jerusalem. Defeated by Babylonia in 586 BCE
Judah
What are the four factions or movements developed during the Second Temple period?
Sadducees, Pharisees, Zealots, Essenes
The Babylonian Talmud was developed in _____? how important is it
600 CE. Second most important body of Jewish Literature
What are the 4 Mitzvot(commandments)?
1. Kashrut
2. synagogue
3. feasts
4. sabbath
Jews who lived in or came from central Europe
Ashkenazid Jews
Jews of Spain, Morocco, and the Mediterranean region
Sephardic Jews
What is the Ashkendazid Jews language?
Yiddish
What is the Sephardic Jews language?
Ladino
What are the 4 branches of modern Judaism?
1. Orthodox
2. conservative
3. reform
4. reconstructionist
this branch of judaism is commited to tradional beliefs and practice
orthodox
this branch of judaism accepts moderate change and protects tradition while carefully guiding change
conservative
this branch of judaism's goal is to thoroughly modernize Judaism questoin every tradition, to relate and survive in the contemporary world
reform
this branch of judaism is a secular and cultural vision of judaism. freedom of individual interpretation. traditional elements are evolving, useful eymbols
Reconstructionist
What are at least three of the ways that Jews see their special role among humans and in history?
1. A role that believes is to witness to the one God and to do his will in the world.
2. Others believe that their role is to suffer for a purpose known to God.
3. To bring a sense of justicve to a world that often has none.