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10 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
〜てもらう
done for you by others at your request
benefactor に

make requests
〜てもらえますか
〜てくれる
done by someone toward you or members of your family spontaneously
benefactor に
〜てあげる
service done by the subject toward someone else, doing someone a favor
〜てあげてください
asking to do a favor for a third person
つもり
express intention
verbs take plain form

past tense
meant to do did not come to pass
make excuses
Passive form
5だん
ーないstem + れる
1だん
ーないstem + られる
〜とした時
about to do something when...
volitional form
〜としましたが
tried to do, but couldn't...
volitional form
verbs: 〜ている form
nouns: 間のnoun~
Causative
to make or to let someone do something
5だん
ーないstem + せる
1だん
ーないstem + させる