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39 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Anul - Ring
Arth - Joint
Burs - bag, purse
Condyl - knob
Fov - Pit
Glen - joint, socket
Labr - lip
Ov - egglike
Sutur - sewing
Syndesm - binding together
Joints (Articulations)
Are functional junctions between bones.
They bind parts of skeletal system together.
Permit parts of the skeleton to change shape during childbirth.
Enable body to move in response to skeletal muscle contraction
Classification of Joints according to Tissue Type
Fibrous Joints
Cartilaginous Joints
Synovial Joints
Dense connective tissues connect bones.
These joints are between bones in close contact
Fibrous Joints
Hyaline cartilage or fibrocartilage connect bones
Cartilaginous Joints
Most complex joint
Allow free movement
Synovial Joints
3 types of Fibrous Joints
Syndesmosis
Suture
Gomphosis
What type of Fibrous Joint?

Bones are bound by a sheet or bundle of fibrous tissue.
Sydesmosis
What type of Fibrous Joint?

Between flat bones
Synarthrotic (immovable)
Thin layer of connective tissue connects bones
Suture
What type of Fibrous Joint?

Cone-shaped bony process in a socket.
Tooth in a jaw bone
Synarthrotic (immovable)
Gomphosis
2 Types of Cartilaginous Joints
1) Synchondrosis
2) Symphysis
What type of Cartilaginous Joint?

Bands of hyaline cartilage unite bones.
Epiphyseal plae (band of hyaline cartilage) is temporary
Between manubrium (portion of sternum & first rib)
Synarthrotic (immovable)
Synchondrosis
What type of Cartilaginous Joint?

Pad of fibrocartilage between bones.
Example: Pubis in pelvis
Formed by two adjacent vertabrae
Amphiarthrotic (slight movement)
Symphysis
Most joints of the skeletal system.
Diarthrotic (allow free movement)
More Complex
Consist of articular cartilage (joint cartilage), joint capsule,Synovial Membrane
Bursae (fluid filled sacs)
Synovial Joints
Synarthrotic
Immovable Joints
Amphiarthrotic
Slightly moveable
Diarthrotic
Freely moveable
Types of Synovial Joints
Ball & Socket
Condylar
Plane/Gliding
Hinge
Pivot
Saddle
Ligaments of _________
Coracohumeral Ligament
Glenohumeral Ligament
Transverse Humeral Ligament
Ligaments of Shoulder
Ligaments of _________
Ulnar Collateral Ligament
Radial Collateral Ligament
Ligaments of Elbow
Ligaments of _________
Iliofemoral Ligament
Pubofemoral Ligament
Ischiofemoral Ligament
Ligaments of Hip
Ligaments of __________
Patellar Ligament
Oblique Popiteal Ligament
Arcuate Popiteal Ligament
Tibial Collateral Ligament
Fibular Collateral Ligament
Cruciate Ligaments
Ligaments of Knee
Immobility and consolidation of a joint due to disease or injury
Ankylosis
Disease that causes inflamed, swollen and painful joints
Arthritis
Overuse of a joint or stress on a bursa may cause _________
Bursa
*An autoimmune disorder
(condition in which the immune system attacks the bodys healthy tissue).
*Painful & debilitating
*Synovial membrane of a joint becomes inflamed & thickens
*Articular cartilage is damaged & fibrous tissue infiltrates, interfering w/joint movements.
*In time, joint may ossify, fusing articulating bones (bony ankylosis)
Rheumatoid Arthritis
*A degenerative disorder
*Most common type of arthritis
*Usually occurs w/aging
*Articular cartilage softens and disentegrates gradually roughening the articular surfaces. Joints become painful w/restricted movement
Osteoarthritis
*Bacterial infection passed in a tick bite.
*Causes intermittent arthritis of several joints
*Usually weeks after initial symptons of rash, fatique & fluelike aches & pains
Lyme Arthritis
What type of joint?
Shoulder & hip
Ball & Socket (synovial)
Joints between metacarpals and phalanges?
Condylar (Synovial)
Joints between various bones of wrist and ankle?
Plane (Synovial)
Elbow & joints of phalanges?
Hinge (Synovial)
Joint between proximal ends of radius and ulna?
Pivot (Synovial)
Joint between carpal and metacarpal of thumb?
Saddle (Synovial)
Joints between bodies of vertebrae?
Symphis (Cartilaginous)
(amphiarthrotic - slightly movable)
Joint between epiphysis and diaphysis of a long bone?
Synchondrosis (Cartilaginous)
(Synarthroitc - immovable)
Root of tooth united with mandible?
Gomphosis (Fibrous)
(Synarthrotic - immovable)
Parietal bones articulate at sagittal suture of skull?
Suture (Fibrous)
(Synarthrotic - immovable)
Tibiofibular articulation
Syndesmosis (Fibrous)
(amphiarthrotic - slightly moveable)