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15 Cards in this Set

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connect bones without allowing any movement
ex: bones of skull and pelvis are held together by these joints
joints in which bone is attached by cartilage allows for very little movement
ex: spine or ribs
these joints allow for the most movement and the cavity between bones in these joints is filled with synovial fluid--helping to lubricate and protect the bones
ex: elbow joint
ball and socket
consist of a ball-like surface of one bone fitted into a cuplike depression of another bone ex: shoulder and hip joint
a movement at a synovial joint in which the distal end of a bone moves in a circle while the proximal end remains relatively stable
a synovial joint structures so that an oval-shaped condyle of one bone fits into an elliptical cavity of another bone, permitting side-to-side and back-and-forth movements, such as the joint at the wrist between the radius and carpals aka ellipsoidal joint
a synovial joint having articulating surfacews that are usually flat, permitting only side to side and back and forth movements, as between carpal bones, tarsal bones and the scapula and clavicle.
a synovial joint in which a convex surface of one bone fits into a concave surface of another bone, such as the elbow, knee, ankle, and interphalangeal joints.
a synovial joint in which a rounded, pointed, or conical surface of one bone articulates with a ring formed partly by another bone and partly by a ligament.
ex: joint between the atlas and axis and between the proximal ends of the radius and ulna
a synovial joint in which the articular surface of one bone is saddle shaped and the articular surface of the other bone is shaped like the legs of the rider sitting in the saddle.
ex: joint between the trapezium and the metacarpal of the thumb.
articular capsule
a sac enclosing a joint surrounded by an outer fibrous capsule and an inner synovial membrane
synovial membrane
The connective-tissue membrane that lines the cavity of a synovial joint and produces the synovial fluid.
A sac or saclike bodily cavity, especially one containing a viscous lubricating fluid and located between a tendon and a bone or at points of friction between moving structures.
synovial fluid
consists of hyluronic acid and interstitial fluid formed from blood plasma and is secreted by the synovial membrane.
specific joints
associated bones