Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/30

Click to flip

30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
CONSTITUTION
A DOCUMENT THAT SETS OUT THE LAWS, PRINCIPLES, ORGANIZATION AND PROCESSES OF A GOV'T
BILL OF RIGHTS
LISTS OF FREEDOMS THAT A GOV'T PROMISES TO PROTECT
CURRENCY
MONEY
DEPRESSION
A PERIOD IN WHICH BUSINESS ACTIVITY SLOWS, PRICES AND WAGES FALL AND UNEMPLOYMENT RISES
ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION
-WEAKNESSES IN NAT'L GOV'T
-EACH STATE HAS ONE VOTE
-LAWS MUST BE APPROVED BY 9 0F 13 STATES
-CONGRESS CANNOT CONTROL TRADE
-CONGRESS HAS TO ASK STATES FOR MONEY
-NO EXECUTIVE OR JUDICIAL BRANCHES
SHAY'S REBELLION
MASS. FARMERS WHO RESISTED THE SEIZURE OF THEIR LAND
NORTHWEST ORDINANCE
-SET UP GOV'T FOR NW TERRITORY
-OUTLAWED SLAVERY
-SAID LAND COULD BE DIVIDED UP
60k=STATEHOOD
HOW MANY STATES MUST APPROVE A LAW?
9 OF 13
COMPROMISE
AGREEMENT IN WHICH EACH SIDE GIVES UP SOMETHING
CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION
MEETING OF DELEGATES FROM EACH STATE (BEN FRANKLIN GEORGE WASHINGTON JAMES MADISON ALEXANDER HAMILTON)
-WANTED TO REVISE ARTICLES OF CONFED.
VIRGINIA PLAN
-LEGISLATIVE BRANCH HAS 2 HOUSES
-# OF MEMBERS DEPENDED ON STATE SIZE
NEW JERSEY PLAN
-LEGISLATIVE BRANCH HAD ONE HOUSE
-EACH STATE HAS ONE MEMBER
GREAT COMPROMISE
-2 HOUSES IN CONGRESS
SENATE
-EACH STATE HAD 2 MEMBERS
-IN THE HOUSE OF REPS- #'S WOULD BE BASED ON POPULATION
DICTATORSHIP
A GOV'T IN WHICH ONE PERSON OR SMALL GROUP HOLDS COMPLETE AUTHORITY
SOURCE OF THE ROMAN REPUBLIC IDEAS FOR CONSTITUTION
-REPRESENTATIONAL GOV'T
SOURCE OF THE ENGLISH IDEAS FOR CONSTITUTION
-WRITTEN DECLARATION OF CITIZEN'S RIGHTS (MAGNA CARTA AND ENGLISH BILL OF RIGHTS)
SOURCE OF THE ENLIGHTENMENTS IDEAS FOR CONSTITUTION
-RECOGNITION THAT PEOPLE HAVE NATURAL RIGHTS
-DIVISION AND SEPARATION OF THE POWERS OF GOV'T
(JOHN LOCKE, BARON DE MONTESQUIE)
SOURCE OF THE AMERICAN IDEAS FOR CONSTITUTION
-EXPERIENCE OF CLAIMING INDEPENDENCE
-STRUGGLE TO CREATE STRONG NAT'L GOV'T
(HOUSE OF BURGESSES AND MAYFLOWER COMPACT)
AMEND
CHANGE
ANTIFEDERALIST'S CONCERNS
THOUGHT THE CONSTITUTION WEAKEND THE STATES POWERS
FEDERALISTS
FAVORED STRONG NAT'L GOV'T
IN ORDER FOR THE CONSTITUTION TO BE APPROVED- WHAT NEEDED TO HAPPEN?
9 OF 13 STATES NEEDED TO APPROVE IT
JAMES MADISON
PREPARED 12 AMENDMENTS TO CONSTITUTION CALLED THE "BILL OF RIGHTS"
BILL OF RIGHTS FREEDOMS?
FREEDOM OF RELIGION, PRESS, SPEECH
AMENDMENT 1
FREEDOM OF RELIG, SPEECH, PRESS ASSEMBLY (TO MEET IN GROUPS) AND PETITION
AMENDMENT 2
RIGHT TO KEEP WEAPONS
AMENDMENT 3
PROTECTION AGAINST BEING FORCED TO HOUSE AND FEED SOLDIERS
AMENDMENT 4
FREEDOM FROM UNREASONABLE SEARCHES OF HOMES AND PROPERTY
AMENDMENT 5-8
RIGHTS OF CITIZENS ACCUSED OF CRIMES TO HAVE A FAIR TRIAL
AMENDMENT 9-10
LIMITS POWERS OF THE FEDERAL GOV'T TO THOSE GRANTED IN THE CONSTITUTION