Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/37

Click to flip

37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What are the five layer of the epidermis?
stratum croneum, lucidun, granulosum, spinosum, basalis
What comprises the macula adherens?
desmosome
What is the zona adherens?
an intermediate junction that surround the perimeter just below the zona occludens
What is the zona occludens?
the tight junctions
What is the unhappy triad?
ACL, MCL, medial meniscus
What is the receptor defect in acondroplasia?
FGFR3
Where are Bouchard's nodules?
PIP
Where are Heberden's nodules?
DIP
What do you see in osteopetrosis?
nl serum Ca, PO4, alk phosphatase
What do you see in osteomalacia?
dec VitD, Ca, PO4, inc PTh
When do you see high Ca, low PO4, high alk PO4?
osteitis fibrosa cystica
When do you see nl Ca, PO4, PTH, but inc alk PO4?
Paget's Dz
When do you see inc CK, inc aldolase, +ANA, +anti-Jo1?
polymyositis, dermatomyositis
Which condition has Ab to U1RNP?
mixed CT dz
When do you see antihistone Ab?
drug induced lupus
What is podagra?
painful MTP of the big toe
When do you see a dec in stratum granulosum?
psoriasis
Why should you be concerned with actinic keratosis?
lead to squamous cell CA
What benign bone tumor affects the proximal tibia and femur?
osteoid osteoma (young), giant cell tumor (old)
Where do osteoblastoma affect?
vertebral column
Where does enchondroma occur?
distal extremities
What has an t(11:22)
Ewing's sarcoma
What is the treatment for Buerger's Dz?
quit smoking
mu receptor
morphine
kappa receptor
dynorphin
delta receptor
enkaphalin
What is LTB4?
neutorphil chemotactic agents
What is LTC4,D4,E4?
bronchoconstriction, vasoconstriction, contaction of sm muscle, inc vas perm
What is PGI2?
I platelet aggregation and promote vasodilation
What is aldesleukin used for?
renal cell Ca, metastatic melanoma
What is EPO used for?
anemias in renal failure
What is filgrastim used for?
recovery of BM
What is sargramostim?
recovery of BM
What is alpha-interferon?
Hep B and C, Kaposi sarcoma, leukemias, malignant melanoma
What is beta-interferon?
chronic granulomatous dz
What is oprelvekin used for?
thrombocytopenia
What is thrombopoietin used for?
thrombocytopenia