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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is synthesized in the zona glomerulosa?
aldosterone
What is synthesized in the zona fascicularis?
cortisol
What is synthesized in the zona reticularis?
sex hormones
What is synthesized in the medulla?
epi, NE
Where does the left adrenal gland drain?
L adrenal v. L renal v., IVC
Where does the right adrenal gland drain?
right adrenal v. to IVC
What is the post pituitary derived from?
neuroectoderm
What is the ant pituitary derived from?
oral ectoderm
What hormones are found in the acidophils?
GH, prolactin
What hormones are found in the basophils?
FSH, LH, ACTH, TSH
Which subunit is common to TSH, LH, FSH, hCG?
alpha subunit
What do the alpha endocrine cells of the panc secrete?
glucagon
What do the beta endocrine cells of the panc secrete?
insulin
What do the delta endocrine cells of the panc secrete?
somatostatin
What pitiutary adenoma is assoc. with ammenorrhea?
prolactinoma...I GnRH...I ovulation
What inhibits GH release?
somatostatin
What stimulates GH release?
GHRH
Which cholesterol synthesis enzyme deficiency causes HTN?
11-beta and 17-alpha hydroxylase
Which cholesterol synthesis enzyme deficiency causes HoTN?
21-beta hydroxylase
Which enzyme deficiency causes masculinization?
21-beta and 11-beta hydroxylase
Which enzyme deficiency causes female pseudohermaphroditism?
21-beta hydroxylase
Where does Vit D3 come from?
sun exposure in skin
What inc TBG?
pregnancy
What dec TBG?
liver failure
Which GLUT transporter is found in muscle and adipose?
GLUT4, insulin dependent
Which GLUT does the brain and RBCs use?
GLUT1--insulin independent
What is VMA in the urine assoc. with?
pheochromocytoma
What is HVA in the urine assoc. with?
neuroblastoma in children
What is Chvdstek's sign?
tap facial n. contraction of facial muscles
What is Trousseau's sign?
occlude brachial a with BP cuff--carpal spasm