Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/52

Click to flip

52 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Hillul Ha-Shem
“Profanation of God’s Name”
Kiddush
“sanctification” the prayer welcoming the Sabbath festival over wine
Kiddush Ha-Shem
“sanctification of God’s name”
Kinyan
“acquisition” formal act to denote that there has been a transfer of property
Kosher
“fit” or “proper” dietary laws of Judaism
Mappah
“tablecloth” notes of Rabbi Isserles to the Shulhan Arukh of Rabbi Karo
Massekhet
“web” tractate of the Talmud
Matzah
unleavened bread eaten on Passover
Mazzal Tov
“good luck”
Mekhilta
“measure” rabbinic commentary to the book of Exodus
Midrash
rabbinic commentaries to the bible
Mishnah
“teaching” summary of Jewish teaching compiled by Rabbi Judah the prince at the end of the 2nd century
Mishneh Torah
the title of Maimonides’ code of Jewish law completed 1180
P'shat
simple contextual meaning of a biblical text
Rav
the lesser title given to the Babylonian Amoraim
Rabbi
the superior title given to the Tannaim and the Palestinian Amoraim
Rishonim
“the early ones” the pre-Shulhan Arukh legal authorities
Seder
“order” home service on Passover
She'elot u-teshuvot
“Questions and Answers”, responsa legal inquiries to and responses of leading Jewish authorities
Shehitah
traditional method of killing animals for food
Shema
“hear” Israel’s declaration of faith
Shulhan Arukh
“Set Table” code of Rabbi Karo with notes by Rabbi Isserles
Siphra
“the book” rabbinic commentary to the book of Leviticus
Siphre
“the books” rabbinic commentary to the book of numbers and deuteronomy
Tanna
“teacher” rabbis of the first two centuries C.E.
Terefah
“torn” item which is no longer religiously acceptable, not kosher food
Torah
“the law” 5 books of mosses and Jewish teachings (oral)
Tosaphists
school of French commentators to the Talmud
Tosephta
“supplement” additional source to the Mishnah of Tannaitic teachings
Tur
“row” codes of Jacob ben Asher
Tzaddik
the righteous man
tzedakah
charity or justice
Yad Ha-Hazakah
“the strong hand” code of maimonides
Yom Kippur
day of atonement
Bavli
Babylonian Talmud edited during the 6th or 7th century CE
Bikkur holim
mitzvah of visiting the sick
B'rit Milah
“covenant of circumcision” surgical removal of the foreskin as a sign of the covenant between God and the Jewish people
Aggadah
the non-legal part of Rabbinic literature
Aharonim
“the later ones” the post-Shulhan Arukh legal authorities
Amora
(amoraim) the post-Mishnaic teachers in Palestine and Babylon
Baraita
(baraitot) teachings of the Tannaim not included in the Mishnah
Bar metzra
“son of the boundary” a man owning a field adjoining another field up for sale has the first potion on that field
Ben
"son of"
Bet Ha-Midrash
“House of study” the building attached to or near to the synagogue in which Torah is studied
Bimah
"Platform” from which Torah is studied
D'rash
a sermon usually based on a creative reading of a text
Gemara
“Teaching” an Aramaic word denoting the discussions of the Palestinian and Babylonian Amoraim (Talmud)
Genevah
“theft” stealing by stealth
Geonim
(gaon) “Excellency” the heads of the Babylonian schools of Sura and Pumbedita from the 6th to 10th centuries C.E.
Gezelah
“robbery” stealing by force directly
Geriva
a very small piece of land
Halakhah
“to walk” the legal side of Judaism and legal discussions or rabbis