Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/49

Click to flip

49 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
mishna
the repetition, first recording of Jewish oral law
gemara
the completion, rabbinic commentary and analysis of Mishnah
midrash
interpretation of Bible, compilation of commentaries from Tanakh
talmud
record of rabbinic discussions, mishnah and gemara
judah the patriarch
leading rabbi in 3rd century, edited Mishnah
rabbi akiva
famous rabbi, expert of Jewish tradition and contributor to oral Torah
bar kochba
Jewish leader who led revolt against Romans and established Jewish Israel for 3 years, false messiah
babylonian talmud
mishnah and babylonian gemara
halakha
jewish law, including talmudic and rabbinic law, religious and nonreligious
baluch sheptarani
blessings parents recite at Bar Mitzvah
amora
Jewish scholars who taught oral law
kosher
food that fits jewish dietary laws
Maimonides
Orthodox rabbi and philosopher in Spain and Egypt
tefillin
box with leather straps, worn during morning prayer
afikoman
dessert, flat bread hidden and eaten after passover meal
shofar
ram's horn used as musical instrument in days of awe
amidah
central prayer from a bookthat is recited 3 times a day
tallit
prayer shawl worn during morning service
days of awe
rosh hashanah and yom kippur, return to God from sin
chanukah
festival of lights, rededication of the temple
purim
holiday in Adar, must read from Esther and give fruit
sheva brachot
7 blessings recited at marriage
guide of the perplexed
book of philosophy by maimonides that nobody knows
ketubah
jewish marriage contract that says husband provides for wife
mezuzah
commandment that a small parchment with Deuteronomy inscribed must be at Jewish doorposts
dual torah
oral law and written law
hillel and shammai
rabbis in 1st century who argued a lot but respected each other, contemporaries of Jesus
bar mitzvah
when kids become responsible for their actions
kiddushin
Jewsih law that says once a woman is divorced, she can be betrothed to any man
nissuin
term for marriage, union is elevation and ideal of oneness
shiva
supreme God in Shaivim, a branch of Hinduism
kaddish
rituals of mourning, blessings in Jewish prayer service that magnify God's name
rite of passage
ceremony marking change in social status
mitzvah
commandments in Torah, or any Jewish law. includes moral laws
tanna
rabbis of the mishnah
havdallah
ceremony that concludes the Sabbath, recited over wine and candles
kiddush
sanctifying Jewish holidays by saying a blessing over wine
ashkenazic jews
descendants of medieval Jeruselum of Rhineland. 80% Jews
sephardic jews
Jews from Iberian Peninsula (spain and portugal)
aramaic
Semitic language spoken by Jesus, language of Talmud and divine worship and commerce
aliyah
call up, Jewish immigration to Israel
teshuva
repentance, confession and promise to never do it again, atoning for sin
four species
myrtle, willow, citron, palm, waved during the sukkot celebrating harvest
tikkun leyl shavuot
service in shavuot evening that includes excerpts from Tanakh
kaballah
Jewish mysticism, tries to experience God through created world
aggada
texts in rabbinic literature that are presented as folklore, historical anecdotes, etc., recorded in Talmud and Midrash.
diaspora
group of people forced to leave their homeland
galut
dispersion of Jews throughout Babylonia and Roman Empire
pilgrimage festivals
Up until diaspora, Jews made pilgrimages to Jeruselum during the Sukkot Pesach and Shavuot