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36 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is primary prevention?
Health promotion and illness prevention.
What is secondary prevention?
diagnosis and treatment
What is tertiary prevention?
rehabilitation and health restoration.
What does health promotion address?
areas such as adequate and proper nutrition, weight control and exercise, and stress reduction.
What does illness prevention address?
immunizations, identifying risk factors for illness, routine screenings/exams.
What does rehabilitation and health restoration address?
assists clients to function at their previous level or at their highest level given their current health status.
Where does rehabilitation and health restoration begin?
in the hospital and moves back into the community.
What is palliative care?
providing comfort and treatment for symptoms. (end of life care)
The term ambulatory care has replaced what term in many places?
What is some examples of primary health care services?
community clinics and health fairs.
What are some examples of secondary health care services?
hospitals, and physician offices
what are some examples of tertiary health care services?
short term nursing home placement, physical therapy at home, home health care.
What does acute care hospitals provide?
assistance to clients who are acutely ill and need hospitalization short term
Why have hospitals undergone organizational changes?
to contain costs by merging with other hospitals to form large corporations, and to attract clients by proving innovative outpatient services such as fitness classes, day care for the elderly nutrition classes and alternative birthing centers.
Home care provide comprehensive care to what type of clients?
acute, chronic, and terminal
What is hospice services?
interdisciplinary health care service for the dying and their families. ( which improves or maintains quality of life until death)
What is the RN's responsilbility as a member of the health care team?
assesses a client's health status, identifies the problems, and developes and coordinates care.
LPN's responsibility?
provide direct client care under the direction of a RN, physician, or other licensed practitioner.
What is the case managers role as part of the health care team?
to ensure that clients receive fiscally sound, appropriate care in the best setting.
Dieticians role?
concerned with therapeutic diets, may design special diets to meet nutritional needs for individual clients and supervise the preparation of meals to ensure that clients receive the proper diet.
Nutritionists role?
recommends healthy diets and gives broad advisory services about the purchase and preparation of foods.Promote health and prevent disease by advising families about balanced diets for growing children and pregnant women (example)
Physical therapists role?
treat movement dysfunctions by means of heat, water, exercise, massage, and electric current, assess clients mobility and strength.
Physicians role?
responsible for medical diagnosis and determining the therapy required. also health promotion and disease prevention.
What does urgent care offer?
designed to handle NON LIFE THREATENING illnesses in a walk in setting, alternative care when physician's office is closed.
What does case management involve?
interdisciplinary teams that assume collaberative responsibility for planning, assessing needs, and coordinating, implementing, and evaluating care for groups of clients from preadmission to discharge.
What is primary nursing?
system in which one nurse is responsible for total care of a number of clients 24 hours a day, 7 days a week-provides comprehensive, individualized, and consistent care.(ex-nurse practitioner, nurse midwives)
What are some factors affecting health care delivery?
increasing number of elderly (fastest growing population) advances in technology (new meds, surgical procedures, computer record keeping), economics (costs increasing).
What is private insurance?
known as third party reimbursement (fee-for- service) can be individual or group plan through employer
What are the types of private insurances?
not-for-profit (Blue shield) and for-profit (commercial companies)
What is Health maintenance organizations (HMO)?
group health care agency provides basic and supplemental health maintenance and treatment services to voluntary enrollees. Fee is set w/o regard to the amount or kind of services provided. (choose a PCP). HMO's will only pay for specialty service if the PCP has made a referral.
What does medicare cover?
Title 18- provide national and state health ins. for older adults over 65, disabled and their dependents, includes expensive (catastrophic)care.
What does part a of medicare cover?
insurance toward hospitalization, home care, hospice care.
What does part b of medicare cover?
Voluntary, partial coverage of physician services to people for part a. (clients pay monthly premium, does not cover dentures, glasses, hearing aids, most preventive care is not included.)
What is Medicaid?
Title 19-federal assistance paid out of general taxes, paid by state and federal govt.
What is SSI?
supplemental security income-payable for people with disabilities who are not eligible ofr social security, payments not restricted to health care costs, can be used to purchase meds, cover health care.
What does managed care consist of?