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27 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
astrolab
device used to figure out position of the stars
caravel
ship with sails in the shape of triangles
charter
legal document entitling an individual or business to certain rights
city states
independent town with its own government
colony
mass of people who inhabit a certain area and are ruled by its government
conquistador
Spanish word for conqueror
Creole
an individual born to parents of Spanish descent in a Spanish colony
encomienda
permission given to Spanish settlers by the Spanish government to force Native Americans to work and pay taxes
feudalism
control by lords who owe loyalty to a king
kinship network
strong ties among members of the same family
Magna Carta
a manuscript giving rights to English nobles
magnetic compass
an instrument that always points toward the North Pole
manor
a town governed by a lord
Mayflower Compact
an accord signed by the Pilgrims for complete rule over Plymouth colony
mestizo
a person whose background is a mix of Spanish and Indian
middle passage
trip from Africa to Americas in which numerous slaves perished at sea
mission
a colony established to extend the beliefs of a religion to other people
monarch
a queen or king
Northwest Passage
the passage around or crossing North America
Parliment
a representative assembly in England
peninsulare
Spaniard who once held status or power in a Spanish colony
plantation
large land farmed by numerous people
presidio
fort inhabited by pople in spanish colonies
Protestant Reformation
the movement that transformed the Roman Catholic Church
pueblo
village in a Spanish colony
representative government
government in which representatives who form the laws are chosen by the people
serf
peasant who labored for a lord and was prevented from fleeing without the lords affirmation