Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/34

Click to flip

34 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
In AD 610 Muhammed experienced a vison called what?
a revelation
home of the Arabs...margin of middle eastern civilization...kept the empires in the Northern part of the region from invading arab lands
Arabian Peninsula
denounced the worship of idols and believed in one God
hanifs
in Makkah...holiest shrine that contained statues of the many arab deities
Kaaba
a crossroad of commerce about 50 miles inland from the Red Sea...traded animal products here for different goods
Makkah
What year was Muhammed born?
AD 570
the prophet of Islam
Muhammed
Who does Muhammed marry?
Khadija
What city did Muhammed and his following Muslims escaped to in AD 622?
Yathrib
majority of Muslims...who believed that the caliph was primarily a leader, not a religious authority
the Sunni
a smaller group of Muslims who followed Ali and Husayn, believed that the caliphate should be held only by descendants of Muhammed through his daughter Fatimah and her husband Ali
the Shiite
2 achievements of Muhammed
1 was the formation of a religious community based on carefully preserved sacred writings and 2 was the example of his life as an interpretive guide for Muslims to follow
What does the yr AD 622 mark?
the beginning of the Islamic era and is recognized as the first year of the Muslim calendar
His departure to Yathrib is known in Muslim history as what?
Hijrah
spiritual capitol of islam
Makkah
where Muhammed laid the foundation of an Islamic state
the Madinah Compact
the holy scriptures of Islam
the Quran
center of Islam
Madinah
holy struggle to bring Islam to other lands
jihad
leader of each bedouin tribe..appointed by the heads of the families--was the chief
sheikh
covers all aspects of Muslim private and public life
Shari'ah
capitol moved here from Madinah---more centrally located
Damascus
prayer leader that guides believers in prayer, and a sermon sometimes follows
an imam
new city--built on the banks of the Tigris River
Baghdad
Ali's son--refused to accept Umayyad rule and sontinued the struggle
Husayn
Muhammed's successor who ordered muslims to retrieve messages from wherever they could be found
Abu Bakr
decorated books, carpets, swords, and entire walls
arabesques
a persian mathmatician and poet--wrote the rubaiyat
omar khayyam
where many muslims pray together--a building that may serve as a place of worship, a school, a court of law, and a shelter
a mosque
annual pilgrimmage to makkah
hajj
nomads who herded sheep, camels, and goats and lived in tents made of felt from camel or goat hair
bedouin
the ninth month of the Muslim calendar
Ramadan
meaning "successor"
caliph
the first caliph was who?
Abu Bakr