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34 Cards in this Set

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The First Modern Jazz Style, which evolved in the early 1940's, was intended primarily for listening rather than dancing and was developed in small groups.
Bebop
In the 1940's this trumpet artist, together with Charlie Parker among others, introduced radical rhythmic and harmonic changes to traditional swing that became the foundation of modern jazz.
Dizzy Gillespie
A true improvisational genius and considered the greatest of the alto saxophonists, he is the most celebrated creator of bebop. Modern jazz musicians had to find a new way to play based on the precedent he set.
Charlie Parker
This gentleman from Los Angeles is an important entrepreneur of modern jazz. he founded a long running traveling festival called Jazz at the Philharmonic and produced countless recordings consolidated under the verve label. Thus he was an important jazz employer and he expanded the popularity of jazz worldwide.
Norman Granz
confirmation
Charlie Parker
bebop
Finding his voice in the Miles Davis quintet, this tenor sax players stellar harmonic concepts as displayed through his awesome technique may represent the pinnacle of tonal jazz, as heard in his composition "Giant Steps." He was dedicated wholeheartedly to music as a moral and spiritual force which was a catalyst for his exploration of free jazz.
John Coltrane
Lets Call the Whole Thing off
Ella Fitzgerald comp. Duke Ellington
vocal
come on home
Horace Silver
Hardbop
giant steps
john coltrane
hardbop
As an important modern jazz bassist and composer his music successfully combines the elements of hard bop and the avant-garde. His many associations include drummer Max Roach and pianists Bud Powell and Thelonius Monk.
Charles Mingus
Ascension
John Coltrane
free
This jazz genre, pioneered by a new generation of players led by Charlie Parker and Dizzy Gillespie, represents a revolt from the confines of commercial swing and restores the evolution of jazz music.
Bebop
Sweet Lorraine
Art Tatum
Swing
All of you
Miles Davis
cool
Un Poco Loco
Bud Powell
Bebop
As founder and leader of the Jazz Messengers, this artist is a powerful and emotional drummer who's bands helped define the soulful hard bop style. We see philosophy and mission embodied in many contemporary jazz players.
Art Blakey
so what
Miles Davis
Modal
This man, originally from Boston, is a pianist and fan of mainstream jazz. In 1954 he founded the Newport Jazz Festival.
George Wein
stuff
Miles Davis
Fusion
Perceived as smoother than bebop, this style emphasized an itellectualized and more subdued, emotionally detached, approach to modern jazz.
cool
It dont mean a thing if it aint got that swing
Sarah Vaughan
vocal
This jazz vocalist came up during the swing era. Her musicanship and endearing girlish charm led her to countless recording dates and appearances throughout the world over her 50 year career.
Ella Fitzgerald
Round Midnight
Thelonius Monk
bebop
This form of modern jazz brought forth in the early 1960s by Miles Davis and John Coltrane, de-emphasizes complex harmonic structure and may employ a single chord and scale.
Modal
bebop
Dizzy gillespie
bebop
Expanding onthe styles of Fats Waller and Earl Hines this pianist developed a style so harmonically rich and technically formidable that it both inspired and intimidates his collegues.
Art Tatum
This quintessential bebop pianist displays an improvisational style that parrallels Charlie Parkers.
Bud Powell
This genre(1955-1965) combines the musical complexities of bebop improvisation with the raw emotionalism of gospel and blues.
Hardbop.
This singer displays a luxurious voice with great range and power. She came up during the bebop era and was hailed by the modernists.
Sarah Vaughan.
During his forty years as a driving force in jazz this trumpet player pioneered cool, hard bop, modal and fusion.
Miles Davis
Also referred to as avant-garde this genre, appearing in the mid-1960's, reflects a stream of consciousnessness that ulimately is not bound to precise melody, harmony or rhythm.
Free jazz
This important pioneer of bebop and modern jazz was partly misunderstood and critisized in his earlier years. He displays an idiosyncratic, abstract and incisive style that was a complement to his compositional ideas. among his most famous tunes are "Straight NoChaser" and " Round Midnight."
Thelonious Monk
The piano playing and compositional style of this artist exemplifies hard bop and funky with occasional employment of Latin rhythms. He has led his own quintet since 1956 and his many songs include "Come on Home" "Nica Dreams" and "Song for My Father."
Horace Silver
This style, pioneered in the late 1960's and 1970's, combines jazz with rick and pop music, and employs electonic instruments.
Fusion