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### 11 Cards in this Set

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 five tenets of structured programming a. No goto statements are to be used in writing code. b. All programs can be written in terms of three control structures: sequence, selection, and iteration. c. Each control structure has one entrance point and one exit point. We will sometimes allow for multiple exit points from a control structure using the break statement. d. Control structures may be stacked (sequenced) one after the other. e. Control structures may be nested inside other control structures. ALGORITHM a solution to a problem The three logical operators and their symbols of programming AND && OR || (two vertical bars) NOT ! general syntax of the if-else statement if (expression) statement1; else statement2; STEPWISE REFINEMENT is the process of gradually developing a more detailed description of an algorithm CONDITIONAL OPERATOR general syntax (condition) ? statement1 : statement2; If the condition is true, statement1 is executed. If the condition is false, statement2 is executed. ITERATION refers to looping PSEUDOCODE a rough-draft outline of an answer, written in English-like terms RELATIONAL OPERATOR a binary operator that compares two values COMPOUND STATEMENT created by enclosing any number of single statements by braces as shown in the following example: if (expression) { statement1; statement2; statement3; } else { statement4; statement5; statement6; } BOOLEAN IDENTIFIER no definition - deals with true / false of statements