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19 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
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According to the biomedical model, a narrow definition of health is:
A) an optimal functioning of mind, body, and spirit within the environment.
B) the absence of disease.
C) the response of the whole person to actual or potential problems.
D) prevention of disease.
B) the absence of disease.
Feedback: CORRECT
From a biomedical perspective, health is defined as the absence of disease or elimination of symptoms and signs of disease.
According to the biomedical model, a narrow definition of health is:
A) an optimal functioning of mind, body, and spirit within the environment.
Feedback: INCORRECT
Nursing has an expanded concept of health; holistic health includes the mind, body, and spirit as interdependent and functioning as a whole within the environment.

B) the absence of disease.
Feedback: CORRECT
From a biomedical perspective, health is defined as the absence of disease or elimination of symptoms and signs of disease.

C) the response of the whole person to actual or potential problems.
Feedback: INCORRECT
Nursing diagnoses are clinical judgments about a person’s response to an actual or potential health state.

D) prevention of disease.
Feedback: INCORRECT
Health promotion and disease prevention are important aspects of nursing’s concept of health.
What type of data base is most appropriate when a rapid collection of data is required and often compiled concurrently with life-saving measures?
A) Episodic
B) Follow-up
C) Emergency
D) Complete
C) Emergency
Feedback: CORRECT
An emergency database is rapid collection of the data often obtained concurrently with lifesaving measures.
What type of data base is most appropriate when a rapid collection of data is required and often compiled concurrently with life-saving measures?
A) Episodic
Feedback: INCORRECT
An episodic database is for a limited or short-term problem; this database concerns mainly one problem, one cue complex, or one body system.

B) Follow-up
Feedback: INCORRECT
A follow-up database is used to follow-up short-term or chronic health problems; the statuses of identified problems are evaluated at regular and appropriate intervals.

C) Emergency
Feedback: CORRECT
An emergency database is rapid collection of the data often obtained concurrently with lifesaving measures.

D) Complete
Feedback: INCORRECT
A complete database includes a complete health history and a full physical examination; it describes the current and past health state and forms a baseline against which all future changes can be measured.
A medical diagnosis is used to evaluate:
A) a person’s state of health.
B) the response of the whole person to actual or potential health problems.
C) a person’s culture.
D) the cause of disease.
D) the cause of disease.
Feedback: CORRECT
Medical diagnoses are used to evaluate the etiology (cause) of disease.
. An example of subjective data is:
A) decreased range of motion.
B) crepitation in the left knee joint.
C) left knee has been swollen and hot for the past 3 days.
D) arthritis
C) left knee has been swollen and hot for the past 3 days.
Feedback: CORRECT
Subjective data is what the person says about himself or herself during history taking.
. What type of database is most appropriate for an individual who is admitted to a long-term care facility?
A) Episodic
B) Follow-up
C) Emergency
D) Complete
D) Complete
Feedback: CORRECT
A complete database includes a complete health history and a full physical examination; it describes the current and past health state and forms a baseline against which all future changes can be measured.
Which of the following is considered an example of objective data?
A) Alert and oriented
B) Dizziness
C) An earache
D) A sore throat
A) Alert and oriented
Feedback: CORRECT
Objective data is what the health professional observes; level of consciousness and orientation are observations.
An example of objective data is:
A) complaints of left knee pain.
B) crepitation in the left knee joint.
C) left knee has been swollen and hot for the past 3 days.
D) report of impaired mobility from left knee pain as evidenced by an inability to walk, swelling, and pain on passive range of motion.
B) crepitation in the left knee joint.
Feedback: CORRECT
Objective data is what the health professional observes by inspecting, percussing, palpating, and auscultating during the physical examination. Crepitation is assessed by palpation.
A nursing diagnosis is best described as:
A) a determination of the etiology of disease.
B) a pattern of coping.
C) an individual's perception of health.
D) a concise statement of actual or potential health concerns or level of wellness
D) a concise statement of actual or potential health concerns or level of wellness.
Feedback: CORRECT
Nursing diagnoses are clinical judgments about a person’s response to an actual or potential health state.
A complete data base is:
A) used to rapidly collect data and is often compiled concurrently with life-saving measures.
B) used for a limited or short-term problem usually consisting of one problem, one cue complex, or one body system.
C) used to evaluate cause and etiology of disease.
D) used to perform a thorough or comprehensive health history and physical examination.
D) used to perform a thorough or comprehensive health history and physical examination.
Feedback: CORRECT
A complete database includes a complete health history and a full physical examination; it describes the current and past health state and forms a baseline against which all future changes can be measured.
. A patient admitted to the hospital with asthma has the following problems identified based on an admission health history and physical assessment. Which problem is a first-level priority?
A) Ineffective self–health management
B) Risk for infection
C) Impaired gas exchange
D) Readiness for enhanced spiritual well-being
C) Impaired gas exchange
Feedback: CORRECT
First-level priority problems are those that are emergent, life threatening, and immediate. Impaired gas exchange is an emergent and immediate problem.
Each culture has its own healers who usually:
A) speak at least two languages.
B) own and operate specialty community clinics.
C) cost less than traditional or biomedical providers.
D) recommend folk practices that are dangerous.
C) cost less than traditional or biomedical providers.
Feedback: CORRECT
Most healers cost significantly less than healers practicing in the biomedical or scientific health care system.
While evaluating the health history, the nurse determines that the patient subscribes to the hot/cold theory of health. Which of the following will most likely describe this patient’s view of wellness?
A) Good is hot.
B) Evil is hot.
C) The humors must be balanced.
D) The phlegm will be replaced with dryness
C) The humors must be balanced.
Feedback: CORRECT
The hot/cold theory of health is based on humoral theory; the treatment of disease is based on the balance of the humors.
On the basis of median age:
A) the non-Hispanic white population tends to be younger.
B) the Hispanic population tends to be older.
C) the Asian population tends to be younger.
D) minorities tend to be older than non-Hispanic white populations
C) the Asian population tends to be younger.
Feedback: CORRECT
The Asian population was younger with a median age of 35.4 years, and about 26% of the Asian population was younger than 18 years old.
Spirituality is defined as:
A) participating in religious services on a regular basis.
B) a personal effort to find meaning and purpose in life.
C) the process of being raised within a culture.
D) a social group that claims to possess variable traits.
B) a personal effort to find meaning and purpose in life.
Feedback: CORRECT
Spirituality is a personal effort to find purpose and meaning in life.
Which of the following is true regarding language barriers and health care?
A) There are laws addressing language barriers and health care.
B) Limited English proficiency is associated with a higher quality of care.
C) English proficiency is associated with a lower quality of care.
D) Patients with language barriers have a decreased risk of nonadherence to medication regimens.
A) There are laws addressing language barriers and health care.
Feedback: CORRECT
Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 provides people with limited English proficiency access to health care; these individuals cannot be denied health care services.
What is the yin/yang theory of health?
A) Health exists when all aspects of the person are in perfect balance.
B) Health exists when physical, psychologic, spiritual, and social needs are met.
C) Health exists in the absence of illness.
D) Health exists when there is optimal functioning.
A) Health exists when all aspects of the person are in perfect balance.
Feedback: CORRECT
In the yin/yang theory, health is believed to exist when all aspects of the person are in perfect balance.
Which theory has been expanded in an attempt to study the degree to which a person’s lifestyle reflects his or her traditional heritage?
A) Behavior theory
B) Heritage consistency
C) Congruence mechanism
D) Socialization experience
B) Heritage consistency
Feedback: CORRECT
Heritage consistency theory has been expanded in an attempt to study the degree to which a person’s lifestyle reflects his or her traditional heritage.
What symptom is greatly influenced by a person’s cultural heritage?
A) hearing loss
B) pain
C) breast lump
D) food intolerance
B) pain
Feedback: CORRECT
Pain is a very private, subjective experience that is greatly influenced by cultural heritage. Expectations, manifestations, and management of pain are all embedded in a cultural context.
When considering cultural competence, there are discrete areas that the nurse must develop knowledge of to understand the health care needs of others. These discrete areas include understanding of: (Select all that apply.)
A) his or her own heritage.
B) cultural and ethnic values.
C) the heritage of the nursing profession.
D) the heritage of the patient.
E) the heritage of the health care system
A) his or her own heritage.
B) cultural and ethnic values.
C) the heritage of the nursing profession.
D) the heritage of the patient.
E) the heritage of the health care system.

Feedback: CORRECT