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459 Cards in this Set

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あいさつする [挨拶する]
greet
aisatsusuru
あう [合う]
Match/suit
au
あく [空く]
become vacant
aku
あやまる [謝る]
apologize
ayamaru
あんしんする [安心する]
feel at ease
anshin suru
いきる [生きる]
live
ikiru
いじめる [虐める]
bully
ijimeru
いたす [致す]
do(modest)
itasu
いのる [祈る]
pray
inoru
うえる [植える]
plant
ueru
うかがう [訪う]
visit
ukagau
うける [受ける]
take / receive
ukeru
うつす [写す]
copy / photograph
utsusu
うつる [移る]
move / change
utsuru
うまれる [生まれる]
be born
umareru
えらぶ [選ぶ]
select/choose
erabu
おいでになる
come / go / be(honorific)
oideninaru
おこす [起こす]
wake (someone)up
okosu
おこる [怒る]
get angry
okoru
おどる [踊る]
dance
odoru
おどろく [驚く]
surprise
odoroku
おもいだす [思い出す]
recall/ remember
omoidasu
おもう [思う]
think
omou
おりる [降りる]
get off
oriru
かかる
take(time)/cost
kakaru
かざる [飾る]
decorate
kazaru
かたづける [片付ける]
put in order/tidy up
katadukeru
かわる [変わる]
change
kawaru
かんがえる [考える]
consider/think
kangaeru
きこえる [聞こえる]
audible / can hear
kikoeru
きまる [決まる]
be decide(intransitive)
kimaru
きめる [決める]
decide
kimeru
くらべる [比べる]
compare
kuraberu
くださる [下さる]
give (honorific)
kudasaru
くもる [曇る]
become cloudy
kumoru
けす [消す]
turn off
kesu
けんぶつする [見物する]
sightseeing
kenbutsu
こたえる [答える]
answer
kotaeru
こまる [困る]
be in trouble
komaru
こむ [込む]
be crowed
komu
こわす [壊す]
break
kowasu
ごらんになる [ご覧になる]
see (honorific)
goranninaru
さがす [探す]
look for
sagasu
さぐる [探る]
search
saguru
さく [咲く]
bloom
saku
さしあげる [差し上げる]
give(modest)
sashiageru
さわぐ [騒ぐ]
make a noise
sawagu
さわる [触る]
touch
sawaru
しかる [叱る]
scold
shikaru
しぬ [死ぬ]
die
shinu
しゅっぱつする [出発する]
depart
shuppatsu suru
しょうたいする [招待する]
invite
shoutai suru
しらせる [知らせる]
let know / tell
shiraseru
しらべる [調べる]
investigate
shiraberu
じゅんびする [準備する]
prepare
jyunbi suru
すぎる [過ぎる]
pass
sugiru
すべる [滑る]
slide / slip
suberu
すむ [済む]
end
sumu
そだてる [育てる]
grow
sodateru
たおれる [倒れる]
fall down
taoreru
たずねる [訪ねる]
visit
tazuneru
たずねる [尋ねる]
ask
tazuneru
たてる [立てる]
raise / set up
tateru
たてる [建てる]
build
tateru
たのむ [頼む]
ask / request
tanomu
たりる
be enough
tariru
だす [出す]
put out
dasu
つたえる [伝える]
tell / report
tsutaeru
つつむ [包む]
wrap / pack
tsutsumu
つづく [続く]
continue (intransitive)
tsuduku
つづける [続ける]
continue
tsudukeru
つとめる [勤める]
work
tsutomeru
つる [釣る]
fish / angle
tsuru
てつだう [手伝う]
help
tetsudau
とおる [通る]
pass / go along
tooru
とどける [届ける]
deliver
todokeru
とりかえる [取り替える]
exchange
torikaeru
なおす [直す]
repair
naosu
なおる [直る]
be repaired
naoru
なおる [治る]
get well
naoru
なく [鳴く]
sing / mew / moo etc.
naku
なくす [無くす]
lose
nakusu
なくなる [無くなる]
be lost
nakunaru
なくなる [亡くなる]
passed away
nakunaru
なげる [投げる]
throw
nageru
ならぶ [並ぶ]
form a line
narabu
ならべる [並べる]
line up / display
naraberu
なれる [慣れる]
get used to
nareru
にげる [逃げる]
run away
nigeru
ぬぐ [脱ぐ]
take off
nugu
ぬすむ [盗む]
steal
nusumu
ぬる [塗る]
paint
nuru
ぬれる [濡れる]
get wet
nureru
ねむる [眠る]
sleep
nemuru
のこる [残る]
remain
nokoru
のりかえる [乗り換える]
transfer
norikaeru
はれる [晴れる]
clear up
hareru
ひえる [冷える]
get cold
hieru
ひっこす [引っ越す]
move to (house)
hikkosu
ひろう [拾う]
pick up
hirou
ふとる [太る]
get fat
futoru
ふる [降る]
fall
furu
ほめる [誉める]
give compliment
homeru
ほんやくする [翻訳する]
translate
honyaku suru
まいる [参る]
come (modest )
mairu
まがる [曲がる]
turn
magaru
まける [負ける]
lose
makeru
まちがえる [間違える]
mistake
machigaeru
まにあう [間に合う]
be in time
maniau
まわる [回る]
go round
mawaru
みがく [磨く]
brush
migaku
みつかる [見つかる]
be found
mitsukaru
みつける [見つかる]
find out
mitsukeru
むかえる [迎える]
pick (person)up
mukaeru
めしあがる [召し上がる]
eat (honorific)
meshiagaru
もうしあげる [申し上げる]
say (honorific)
moushiageru
もうす [申す]
say (modest)
mousu
もつ [持つ]
have / take / hold / carry
motsu
もらう
receive
morau
やける [焼ける]
be burned
yakeru
やせる
lose weight
yaseru
ゆしゅつする [輸出する]
export
yushutsu suru
ゆにゅうする [輸入する]
import
yunyuu suru
ゆれる [揺れる]
shake / quake
yureru
よごれる [汚れる]
get dirty
yogoreru
よぶ [呼ぶ]
call
yobu
よろこぶ [喜ぶ]
be glad
yorokobu
りようする [利用する]
use
riyou suru
わかす [沸かす]
boil
wakasu
わかる [分かる]
understand
wakaru
わかれる [別れる]
separate
wakareru
わく [沸く]
boil
waku
わたす [渡す]
hand over
watasu
Level 3 adjectives
あんぜんな [安全な]
safety
anzen na
うまい
skilful / good
umai
うるさい [ ]
noisy
urusai
うれしい [嬉しい]
be glad
ureshii
うつくしい [美しい]
beautiful
utsukushii
かなしい [悲しい ]
sad
kanashii
おかしい
strange / funny
okashii
きびしい [厳しい]
strict
kibishii
かんたんな [簡単 な]
simple/easy
kantan na
きけんな [危険 な]
dengerous
kiken na
くさい
smelling
kusai
こわい [怖い ]
scary
kowai
こまかい [細かい]
fine
komakai
ざんねん [残念]
sorry
zannen na
じゅうぶん [十分]
enough
jyuubun na
すくない
very few / little
sukunai
たしかな [確かな]
surely
tashika na
ちいさな [小さな ]
small
chiisa na
すごい
fantastic / terrible
sugoi
とくべつ [特別]
special
tokubetsu na
はずかしい [恥ずかしい ]
emberassing
hazukashii
ひつよう [必要]
necessary
hitsuyou na
くるしい [苦い ]
painful
kurushii
ねっしんな [熱心な ]
eager
nesshin na
ふくざつな [複雑 な]
complicate
fukuzatsu na
ふかい [深い]
deep
fukai
ふとい [太い]
thick / fat
futoi
まじめな [真面目な]
serious
majime na
むりな [無理 な]
impossible
muri na
めずらしい [珍しい ]
unusual
mezurashii
やわらかい [柔らかい ]
soft
yawarakai
よろしい [ ]
good
yoroshii
Level 3 Noun
あかんぼう [赤ん坊]
baby
akanbou
あさねぼう [朝寝坊]
over sleep
asanebou
いがく [医学]
medical
igaku
いし [石]
stone
ishi
うそ [嘘]
lie
uso
うで [腕]
arm
ude
うら [裏]
the back / the wrong side
ura
おうせつま [応接間]
drawing
ousetsuma
おかねもち [お金持ち]
a rich person
okanemochi
おくじょう [屋上]
the roof top
okujyou
おくりもの [贈り物]
gift
okurimono
おまつり [お祭り]
festival
omatsuri
おみまい [お見舞い]
asking after (a persons health)
omimai
かいがん [海岸]
sea shore
kaigan
かいぎ [会議]
meeting
kaigi
かいだん [階段]
stairs
kaidan
かいわ [会話]
conversation
kaiwa
かがみ [鏡]
mirror
kagami
かんごふ [看護婦]
nurse
kangofu
がくぶ [学部]
department of university
gakubu
きそく [規則]
regulations
kisoku
きぬ [絹]
silk
kinu
きゃく [客 ]
guest
kyaku
きゅうこう [急行]
express train
kyuukou
きょういく [教育]
education
kyouiku
きょうかい [教会]
church
kyoukai
きょうそう [競争]
compete
kyousou
きんじょ [近所]
neighbor hood
kinjyo
くさ [草]
grass
kusa
くすり [薬]
medicine
kusuri
くだもの [果物]
fruit
kudamono
くつした [靴下]
socks
kutsushita
けいかく [計画]
plan
keikaku
けいかん [警官]
policeman
keikan
けいけん [経験]
experience
keiken
けいさつ [警察]
police
keisatsu
けいざい [経済]
economy
keizai
けしき [景色]
scenery
keshiki
けんか
fight
kenka
けんきゅう [研究]
study / research
kenkyuu
けんきゅうしつ [研究室]
study room
kenkyuushitsu
げんいん [原因]
cause
genin
こうがい [郊外]
suburbs
kougai
こうぎ [講義]
lecture
kougi
こうぎょう [工業]
industry
kougyou
こうちょう [校長]
principal
kouchou
こうむいん [公務員]
public servant
koumuin
こえ [声]
voice
koe
こくさい [国際]
international
kokusai
ことば [言葉]
language
kotoba
ことり [小鳥]
small bird
kotori
こめ [米]
rice
kome
ごみ
dust
gomi
したぎ [下着]
under wear
shitagi
しっぱい [失敗]
failure / fail
shippai
しなもの [品物]
article / goods
shinamono
しゃかい [社会]
society
shakai
しゅうかん [習慣]
habit / custom
shuukan
しゅっせき [出席]
attend
shusseki
しゅっぱつ [出発]
depart
shuppatsu
しゅみ [趣味]
hobby
shumi
しょうかい [紹介]
introduce
shoukai
しょうがっこう [小学校]
primary school
shougakkou
しょうがつ [正月]
new year’s day
shougatsu
しょうせつ [小説]
novel
shousetsu
しょうたい [招待]
invite
shoutai
しょうち [承知]
consent / agree
shouchi
しょうらい [将来]
future
shourai
しんぶんしゃ [新聞社]
newspaper office
shinbunsha
じ [字]
character
ji
じこ [事故]
accident
jiko
じしょ [辞書]
dictionary
jisho
じしん [地震]
earthquake
jishin
じだい [時代]
age / period / generation
jidai
じてん [辞典]
dictionary
jiten
じゅぎょう [授業]
class
jyugyou
じんこう [人口]
population
jinkou
じんじゃ [神社]
Shinto shrine
jinjya
すいどう [水道]
water works
suidou
すうがく [数学]
mathematics
suugaku
せいよう [西洋]
West / Western countries
seiyou
せびろ [背広]
suit
sebiro
せんたく [洗濯]
wash
sentaku
せんぱい [先輩]
one’s senior
senpai
そうじ [掃除]
cleaning
souji
そうだん [相談]
consultation
soudan
そつぎょう [卒業]
graduation
sotsugyou
たいしかん [大使館]
embassy
taishikan
たたみ [畳]
tatami mat
tatami
たな [棚]
shelf
tana
たんじょうび [誕生日]
birthday
tanjyoubi
だんぼう [暖房]
heating
danbou
ちず [地図]
map
chizu
ちゅうい [注意]
advise / pay attention
chuui
ちゅうがっこう [中学校]
junior high school
chuugakkou
ちゅうしゃ [注射]
inject
chuusha
ちり [地理]
geography / geographical features
chiri
つごう [都合]
circumstances / convenience
tsugou
てぶくろ [手袋]
gloves
tebukuro
てんき [天気]
weather
tenki
てんきよほう [天気予報]
weather forecast
tenkiyohou
てんらんかい [展覧会]
exhibition
tenrankai
でんき [電気]
electricity
denki
でんしゃ [電車]
train
densha
でんとう [電灯]
light
dentou
でんぽう [電報]
telegram
denpou
でんわ [電話]
telephone
denwa
とこや
barber
tokoya
とっきゅう [特急]
special express
tokyuu
どうぐ [道具]
tool
dougu
どろぼう [泥棒]
robber
dorobou
にもつ [荷物]
baggage
nimotsu
にゅういん [入院]
enter hospital
nyuuin
にゅうがく [入学]
enter a school
nyuugaku
にんぎょう [人形]
doll
ningyou
はいしゃ [歯医者]
dentist
haisha
はつおん [発音 ]
pronunciation
hatsuon
はなみ [花見 ]
go to see cherry blossoms
hanami
ばんぐみ [番組 ]
TV program
bangumi
はんたい [反対 ]
opposite
hantai
ひ [日 ]
day
hi
ひ [火 ]
fire
hi
ひきだし [引き出し ]
drawer
hikidashi
ひげ [ひげ ]
mustache
hige
ひこうじょう [飛行場 ]
airport
hikoujou
びじゅつかん [美術館 ]
art museum
bijutsukan
ひるま [昼間 ]
day time
hiruma
ふくしゅう [復習 ]
review
fukushuu
ふつう [普通 ]
normal
futsuu
ぶどう [ぶどう ]
grape
budou
ふとん [布団 ]
bedclothes
futon
ふね [舟 ]
boat
fune
ふね [船 ]
ship
fune
ぷれぜんと [プレゼント ]
present
purezento
ぶんか [文化 ]
culture
bunka
ぶんがく [文学 ]
literature
bungaku
ぶんぽう [文法 ]
grammar
bunpou
へんじ [返事 ]
response
henji
ぼうえき [貿易 ]
trading
boueki
ほうそう [放送 ]
broadcast
housou
ほうりつ [法律 ]
law
houritsu
ほし [星 ]
star
hoshi
ほんやく [翻訳 ]
translation
honyaku
まんが [漫画 ]
cartoon
manga
みずうみ [湖 ]
lake
mizuumi
みそ [ ]
miso
miso
むかし [昔 ]
the old day
mukashi
むし [虫 ]
insect
mushi
むすこ [息子 ]
son
musuko
むすめ [娘 ]
daughter
musume
むら [村 ]
village
mura
むり [無理 ]
impossible
muri
もめん [木綿 ]
cotton
momen
やくそく [約束 ]
promiss
yakusoku
ゆ [湯 ]
hot wather
yu
ゆうはん [夕飯 ]
dinner
yuuhan
ゆしゅつ [輸出 ]
export
yushutsu
ゆび [指 ]
finger
yubi
ゆびわ [指輪 ]
ring
yobiwa
ゆめ [夢 ]
dream
yume
よう [用 ]
business/ errand
you
ようい [用意 ]
preparation
youi
ようじ [用事 ]
business/ errand
youji
よしゅう [予習 ]
preview
yoshuu
よてい [予定 ]
plan
yotei
よやく [予約 ]
booking/reservation
yoyaku
りゆう [理由 ]
reason
riyuu
りよう [利用 ]
use
riyou
りょうほう [両方 ]
both
ryohou
りょかん [旅館 ]
ryokan
ryokan
ゆす [留守 ]
out of home
rusu
れきし [歴史 ]
history
rekishi
れんらく [連絡 ]
contacts
renraku
やく [訳 ]
translation
yaku
わすれもの [忘れ物 ]
thing left behind
wasuremono
わりあい [割合 ]
persentage
wariai
Level3 other expressions
いか [以下]
" or less than,not more than"
ika
いじょう [以上]
more than / over
ijyou
いっぱい
fill / full
ippai
いない [以内]
within
inai
いろいろ
various
iroiro
いん [員]
worker / one who work at
in
うん
yes / alright
un
おおぜい [大勢]
many / agrate number of
oozei
おかげさまで。
Thanks to you.
okagesamade.
おだいじに。
Take care of your self. (for sick or injured person)
odaijini.
おっしゃる
to say (polite)
osharu
おまたせしました。
Sorry I kept you waiting.
omataseshimashita.
おめでとうございます。
Congratulations.
omedetougozaimasu.
かしこまりました。
Certainly sir.
kashikomarimashita.
かならず [必ず]
certainly
kanarazu
くださる
give (polite)
kudasaru
くらい/ぐらい
about
kuraigurai
けっして [決して]
definitely / by no means / not at all
kesshite
けれど/けれども
but / however
keredokeredomo
けん [軒]
door
ken
こ [個]
piece of
ko
こちら
this side / this place
kochira
こちらこそ
so do I
kochirakoso.
こっち
this way
kochi
こと
thing
koto
このあいだ
the other day / a few days ago
konoaida
このごろ
nowadays
konogoro
これから
in future / hereafter
korekara
こんな
this sort of / like this
konna
ごぞんじ [ご存じ]
know
gozonji
ごめんください。
Hello! May I come in?
gomenkudasai.
ごめんなさい。
Sorry.
gomennasai.
ごらんになる
see / inspect
goranninaru
しかし
but
shikashi
しっかり
firmly
shikkari
せわ [世話]
take care of
sewa
ぜひ
by some means / without fail
zehi
ぜんぜん
at all
zenzen
ぜんぶ [全部]
all
zenbu
そう
so
sou
それに
besides / moreover
soreni
それはいけませんね。
thats too bad.
sorehaikemasenne.
それほど
so / so much
sorehodo
そろそろ
slowly / gradually
sorosoro
そんな
so / so much / like that
sonna
たとえば [例えば]
for example
tatoeba
たまに
occasionally
tamani
ため
for / in order to
tame
だいたい
almost / general
daitai
だから
so / therefore
dakara
(では)おげんきで。
(Well then ) Take care.
(deha)ogenkide.
また
also / again
mata
または
or / the other
mataha
まだ
still / yet
mada
まっすぐ
straight
massugu
やはり/やっぱり
as I (you) thought / as I told you
yahariyappari
ゆっくり
slowly
yukkuri
"よく、いらっしゃいました。"
How nice of you to come.
yokuirashaiimashita.
Level 3 Grammar
(SF)+し
(reason)し(reason)し(situation)
shi
そうです
It looks like
soudesu
てみる
try to
te miru
なら
if
nara
(period)に(frequency)
(frequency)per(period)
ni
ほしい
I want
hoshii
ほしがる
I know they wants
hoshigaru
(SF)+かもしれない
maybe
(SF)+kamoshirenai
あげる
I give
ageru
くれる
someone gives me
kureru
もらう
I receive
morau
たらどうですか
How about -
tara dou desu ka?
Number も
as many as
Number mo
Numberしか
only
Number shika
ておく
do in advance
te oku
よう/おう
Volitional form
you/ou
てあげる
I do something for you
te ageru
てくれる
Someone does something for me
te kureru
てもらう
I receive something from others
te morau
ていただけませんか?
would you do-
te itadakemasenka
といい
I hope -
to ii
てすみませんでした
Sorry for-
te sumimasen
(SF)+そうです
I hear -
(SF)+soudesu
たら
if/when
tara
なくてもいいnakutemo ii
You dont need to-
みたい
It looks like
mitai
(SF)+まえに
before (SF)
(SF)+mae ni
てから
after -
te kara
てしまう
I have finished to
te shimau
てしまう
to my regret I have done-
te shimau
(SF)+と
whenever-
(SF)+to
ながら
while -
nagara
ばよかった
I should have done-
ba yokatta
てくれてありがとう
thanks for doing-
te kurete arigatou
てよかった
I am glad that -
te yokatta
はずです
It is supposed -
hazu desu
ないで
without doing -
naide
かどうか
whether -
ka douka
(name)という(Item)
(item) called (name)
to iu
やすい
easy to -
yasui
にくい
hard to -
nikui
られる etc
passive form
rareru etc
てある
something has done by someone
te aru
"A(ている)あいだに,B"
"B takes place, while A"
aida ni
(adj)+く/にする
make it (adj)
(adj)+ku /ni suru
てほしい
I want (person) to do-
te hoshii
させる etc
Causative form
saseru etc
なさい
command form
nasai
ば/れば etc
conditional form
ba/reba etc
のに
in spite of
noni
(N)のような/に
like (N)
no youna/ni
させられる etc
Causative passive form
saserareru etc
ても
even if
temo
ことにする
decide to
koto ni suru
まで
till
made
しかた
how to do
shi kata