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35 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Koto
Long, thirteen-stringed plucked zither with moveable bridges.
Shamisen
Three-stringed, long-necked, fret-less lute, with skin covered sound box. Plucked with a large plectrum
Wagon
Six-stringed zither.
Gaku-so
Thirteen-stringed zither(predecessor of koto).
Biwa
Pear-shaped lute with four strings and four frets played with a samll plectrum.
Fue
Horizontal flute.
Shakuhachi
End-blown flute with four fingerholes, one thumbhole, and a notch cut in the lip.
Nohkan
Horizontal flute associated with noh drama. Seven fingerholes and a mouth hole.
Ryuteki
Large, seven-holed, horizontal flute of Chinese origin associated with gagaku.
Kagura-bue
Transverse bamboo flute with six fingerholes.
Koma-bue
Small, six-holed bamboo flute of Korean origin.
Hichiriki
Short double-reed bamboo oboe with piercing sound.
Sho
Mouth organ with seventeen reed pipes similar to the Chinese Sheng.
O-daiko
Large drum
Ko-tsuzumi
Small hourglass-shaped, double-headed drum, held on the right shoulder. The ropes that hold the heads to the body may be squeezed to raise the pitch.
O-tsuzumi
Slightly larger hourglass-shaped, double-headed drum held on the left hip. The head is kept at maximum tension and the player wears hard thimbles.
Taiko
Shallow barrel-shaped, double-headed drum, placed on a special stand for better resonance and played with two thick sticks.
Da-daiko
Hige drum struck with two thick sticks, used only in bugaku.
Tsuri-daiko
Suspended double-headed drum, one of which is struck with two sticks.
Kakko
Small double-headed drum played with thin sticks.
San-no-tsuzumi
Double-headed, hourglass-shaped drum of Korean origin; one head is struck.
Shakubyoshi
Pair of wooden clappers.
Shoku
Small suspended gong played with two sticks.
Court and Ritual genres:
1)Shomyo-Buddist
2)Kagura-Shinto
3)Gagaku-Classical
-komagaku
-togaku
4)Bugaku-gagaku acc. dance
Shomyo
Buddist chant of Japanese Court and ritual genres.
Kagura
Shinto music of Japanese Court and Ritual genres.
Gagaku
"elegant music"; instrumental music of the Imerial court. Its repertoire is didvided into two large categories: komagaku, and togaku.
Bugaku
Gagaku music used to acc. dance of the court and ritual genres.
Theatrical genres:
1)Noh
2)Kabuki
3)Bunraku
Noh
Japanese classical drama associated w/ the samuri class; highly stylized and refined; austerity reflects strong influence of Buddism, not flashy, but with discipline.
Kabuki
main form of musical theater that has flashy costumes and associated with the townspeople.
Bunraku
Puppet theater of wooden dolls that are 2/3 life-size, associated with the townspeople.
Traditional lyric and instrumental music: HOGAKU
chamber koto music
1)Sokyaku
2)Jiuta
3)Shamisen
Sokyoku and types
Koto music, (use of Chinese like Sheng zither)
1)Kumiuta-song set(Uta)-text not related.
-song cycle-text and theme related
2)Danmoto- koto w/o voice
-sectional peices-(Dan)uses no form structure
Jiuta
of traditional Japanese Hogaku, features koto too, played by a trio(Sankyoku: koto, shamisen, shakuhachi)