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117 Cards in this Set

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What regions comprise Northeast Italy?
Area is traditionally known as the Tre Venezie (Three Venetias): Friuli-Venezia-Giulia, Veneto, Trentino-Alto Adige.
Colli Orientale del Friuli Picolit DOCG
Colli Orientale del Friuli Picolit Cialla DOCG
Friuli-Venezia Giulia. White dessert wine.

Colli Orientale del Friuli Picolit DOCG- Min 85% Picolit, aged 12 months.

Colli Orientale del Friuli Picolit Cialla DOCG- 100% Picolit, aged 24 months.
Ramandolo DOCG
Friuli-Venezia Giulia. White dessert wine from 100% Verduzzo Friulano.
DOCGs of Friuli-Venezia Giulia

-Colli-Orientale del Friuli Picolit

Lison-Pramaggiore DOC
Friuli-Venezia Giulia. Best are reds from Cabernet, Merlot, Refosco et al., whites from Tocai and other local and int'l varieties.
Trentino-Alto Adige overview
Trentino in the south has been historically Italian; Alto Adige is Italy's most northern region and has a heavy German influence, and German designations may appear on label (QbA); often bilingual labelling. For the region as a whole, whites are primarily Nosiola, Muller-Thurgau, Sylvaner. Primary red grapes are Schiava (Vernatsch), Lagrein, Teroldego.
Trentino-Alto Adige DOCGs
Teroldego Rotiliano DOC
Trentino-Alto Adige. Reds from 100% Teroldego.
DOCGs of Liguria
Cinque Terre DOC
Cinque Terre Sciacchetrà DOC
Liguria. White wines from Bosco, Albarola, and Vermentino. Cinque Terre Sciacchetrà is a sweet version of the wine, aged 36 months.
Ormeasco DOC
Liguria. Also seen as Ormeasco di Pornassio DOC or Pornassio DOC. Reds from Ormeasco or Dolcetto.
Rosesse di Dolceaqua DOC
Liguria. Reds from Rosesse (Rossese di Ventimiglia).
Colli di Luni DOC
Liguria. Partly overlaps Tuscany. Reds from primarily Sangiovese, whites from primarily Vermentino.
DOCGs of Lombardy.
-Moscato di Scanzo
-Oltrepo Pavese Metodo Classico
-Sforzato di Valtellina
-Valtellina Superiore
Franciacorta DOCG
Lombardy. Bottle-fermented Sparkling whites and roses from Chardonnay, Pinot Bianco, and Pinot Nero.
Sforzato di Valtellina DOCG
Lombardy. Reds from 90% Nebbiolo (Chiavennasca).
Valtellina Superiore DOCG
Lombardy. Reds from min. 90% Nebbiolo (Chiavennasca).



River that runs through Valtellina is the Adda
Oltrepo Pavese DOC
Garda DOC
Lombardy. Wide variety of wines from wide variety of grapes.
DOCs of Valle d'Aosta
Valle d'Aosta DOC
Subzones of Valle d'Aosta
-Arnad-Montjovet: Min. 70% Nebbiolo
-Chambave: Min. 70% Petit Rouge
-Donnaz: Min. 85% Nebbiolo (aka Picotendro)
-Enfer d'Arvier: Reds from min. 85% Petit Rouge
-Morgex et La Salle: Whites, 100% Blanc de Morgex
-Nus: Molvoisie-100% Pinot Grigio; Rosso-min 70% Vien de Nus and/or Petit Rouge
-Torrette: Reds from min 70% Petit Rouge
DOCGs of Veneto
-Bardolino Superiore
-Prosecco di Colli-Asolani (awaiting confirm.)
-Prosecco di Conegliano-Valdobbiadene (awaiting confirm.)
-Recioto di Gambellara
-Recioto di Soave
-Soave Superiore
Bardolino Superiore DOCG
Veneto. Reds from Corvina, Rondinella, Molinara
Recioto di Soave DOCG
Veneto. Sweet white and sweet, sparkling whites from min. 70% Garganega, plus Pinot Bianco, Chardonnay, Trebbiano, all subject to light drying.
Soave Superiore DOCG
Veneto. Dry whites from min. 70% Garganega, plus Pinot Bianco, Chardonnay, Trebbiano.
Gambellara DOC
Bianco di Custoza DOC
Veneto. Next to Soave, very similar to Soave wines.
Amarone della Valpolicella DOC
Veneto. Reds from semi-dried Corvina, Rondinella, Molinara, et al. Aged min. 25 months.
Breganze DOC
Veneto. Very good red and white wines, owes a lot to Maculan.
Veneto, Breganze DOC. Made from grapes that have been naturally dried 4-5 months. The amount of botrytis varies from year to year. Made from 85% Vespaiola, 10% Tocai and 5% Garganega. Aged in 1/3 new oak, 2/3 1-year-old oak for 12 months. 160 g/l R.S., 13.5% alcohol. Torcolato offers rich, spicy aromas of baked pears with hints of apricots, honey, vanilla, cinnamon, nutmeg and hazelnuts.
DOCGs of Piemonte
-Asti (Asti Spumante & Moscato d’Asti)
-Barbera del Monferrato Superiore
-Barolo Chinato
-Brachetto d’Acqui
-Dolcetto di Dogliani Superiore
-Dolcetto di Ovada Superiore or Ovada
-Gavi or Cortese di Gavi
Piedmont. Largest DOCG; Whites made from Moscato in a modified version of the tank method called cuve close. The frizzante Asti is 5 ATM of pressure, while Asti spumante is 3 ATM.
Where is Fara?
Novara Hill of Piedmont.
Barbaresco DOCG
Piedmont. 100% Nebbiolo from Lampia, Michet, and Rosé subvarieties. Min. 2 years ageing, one of which must be in oak. Riserva must be min. 4 years, and alcohol is .5% higher.
Villages (districts) of Barbaresco
-Villages: Barbaresco, Neive, Treiso d'Alba, San Rocco Seno d'Elvio
Barolo DOCG
Piedmont. 100% Nebbiolo (aka Chiavennasca or Spanna) from Lampia, Michet, and Rosé subvarieties. Originally 3 years cask ageing, now 2 year in barrel and 1 in bottle. Riserva is 5 years, Riserva Special is ?. Min. 13% alcohol.
Core villages of Barolo
-Castiglione Falletto
-Diano d'Alba
-Grinzane Cavour
-La Morra
-Monforte d'Alba
-Serralunga d'Alba
Best cru (vineyards) of Barolo
-Bricco Roche
-La Serra
Barolo Chinato DOCG
Piedmont. Barolo aromatized with a natural infusion of China Calissaja bark, rhubarb root, and about ten other aromatic herbs.
Brachetto d'Acqui DOCG
Piedmont. 100% Brachetto, frizzante or spumante, sweet red dessert wines.
Dolcetto di Dogliani Superiore DOCG
Piedmont. 100% Dolcetto, aged 18 months.
Gattinara DOCG
Piedmont. Min. 90% Nebbiolo (Spanna), max. 10% Bonarda di Gattinara, max. 4% Vespolina
Gavi o Cortese di Gavi DOCG
Piedmont. 100% Cortese (Courteis), still and sparkling white wines. Perhaps the finest still white wine of Piedmont.
Ghemme DOCG
Piedmont. Reds from 65-85% Nebbiolo (Spanna), 10-30% Vespolina, 15% Bonarda novarese (Uva Rara). Aged min. 3 years, or 4 years for Riserva.
Roero DOCG
Piedmont. Reds are min. 95% Nebbiolo, whites are 100% Arneis.
Barbera (d'Alba, d'Asti) DOC
Piedmont. Reds from 100% Barbera. Superiore is 1 year min. ageing in oak or chestnut barrel.
Freisa d'Asti DOC
Piedmont. Light, sometimes sparkling red wines from 100% Freisa.
Dolcetto DOCs
-Dolcetto d'Acqui
-Dolcetto d'Alba
-Dolcetto d'Asti
-Dolcetto di Diano d'Alba
-Dolcetto di Dogliani
-Dolcetto delle Langhe Monregalesi
-Dolcetto di Ovada
Monferrato DOC
Piedmont. Almost all-encompassing DOC encompassing a variety of local grapes for red, white, still and sparkling wines.
Langhe DOC
Piedmont. Red and white wines from a blend of local varieties; six varietally-labelled wines are permitted: Dolcetto, Freisa, Nebbiolo for red; Arneis, Favorita, and Chardonnay for white.

Operates as a DOC di ricaduta ("relapsed") and includes all reds that can't be included in other denominations. This relaxed category permits different lengths of aging for Barolo and Barbaresco, less traditional maturation techniques, i.e. plays the same role as Super Tuscans for Piedmont.
Albana di Romagna DOCG
Emilia-Romagna. White wines only from 100% Albana, dry and sweet versions. The first white wine to be awarded DOCG status in 1987.
Important Lambrusco DOCs & their subvarieties
-Lambrusco Grasparossa di Castelvetro
-Lambrusco Reggiona (Marani & Salamino)
-Lambrusco Salamino di Santa Croce
-Lambrusco di Sorbara

(Sorbrara, Grasparossa di Castelvetro, Marani, & Salamino are subvarieties)

Emilia-Romagna. Reds from 100% Lambrusco
DOCGs of Emilia Romagna
Albana di Romagna
DOCGs of Marches
-Vernaccia di Serrapetrona
Conero DOCG
Marches. Min. 85% Montepulciano, max. 15% Sangiovese, aged 2 years.
Vernaccia di Serrapetrona DOCG
Marches. Red dry and sweet spumante wines from min. 85% Vernaccia Nera.
-Verdicchio dei Castelli di Jesi DOC

-Verdicchio di Metalica DOC
Marches. Dry, sweet, and spumante white wines from min. 85% Verdicchio, plus Malvasia toscana and Trebbiano toscana.
-Rosso Piceno DOC

-Rosso Conero DOC
Marches. Dry red wines from primarily Montepulciano.
DOCGs of Lazio
-Cesanese del Piglio (red, min. 90% Cesanese)
Frascati DOC
Latium. Dry white wine from Malvasia and Trebbiano. The region's most important wine. The ultimate trattoria wine, often served on draught.
Est! Est!! Est!!! di Montefiascone DOC
Latium. White wines from Trebbiano and Malvasia. . Story recap: In 1000 A.D., a German bishop headed for Rome sent a scout to travel villages along the way. Scout marked inns with best wines with word Est! Scout liked the wines at Montefiascone so much he wrote ‘Est! Est!! Est!!!’.
Orvieto DOC
Latium. White wines from primarily Trebbiano (Procanico), also allowed Malvasia, Grechetto, et al.
DOCGs of Abruzzi
Montepulciano d'Abruzzo Colline Teramane
Montepulciano d'Abruzzo Colline Teramane DOCG
Abruzzi. Reds only from min. 90% Montepulciano, plus other local varieties, only from the Colline Teramane subzone. Min. age 2 years, 3 years for Riserva
Montepulciano d'Abruzzo DOC
Abruzzi. Reds from min. 85% Montepulciano.
Biferno DOC
Molise. Reds and rosatos from Montepulciano and Aglianico, whites from Trebbiano.
The name of a specific type of marl, rocky and schistous covering some of the best vineyard areas in Tuscany.

Also the name of the Trebbiano-based white wine area that will likely receive DOC status soon.
Governo technique
A winemaking technique consisting of setting aside and drying grapes and pressing them in mid to late November. Then, reintroduce this unfermented juice into young wines which had just finished fermentation. This increased alcohol, but the primary effect was to encourage malolactic fermentation. Malolactic fermentation was often hard to achieve in the past as the cellars were often too cold. It also made the wines softer and marketable earlier. Not as widely practiced today. Traditionally practiced in Chianti. It adds body, fruit and glycerin while reducing acidity. Drawbacks are higher VA and oxidation.
DOCGs of Tuscany
-Brunello di Montalcino
-Chianti Classico
-Elba Aleatico Passito
-Morellino di Scansano
-Vernaccia di San Gimignano
-Vino Nobile di Montepulciano
Brunello di Montalcino DOCG
Tuscany. Reds from 100% Sangiovese Grosso (Brunello). Normale wines are not released before 50 months (4 years) after harvest, Riservas not before 62 (5 years) months. As of 1998, 28 months (2 years) of that must be in oak barrel.
Carmignano DOCG
Tuscany. Red wines only from 45-65% Sangiovese, 10-20% Canaiolo, 6-10% Cabernet Sauvignon. Aged 19 months, Riservas are aged 35 months. Only wines meeting these requirements can be DOCG; rosatos and vin santo go under the DOC. West of Florence.
Chianti DOCG
Tuscany. Reds only from min. 75%-100% Sangiovese, max. 10% Canaiolo, Trebbiano, or Malvasia del Chianti (though whites not allowed after 2007), max 10% non-traditional (e.g. Cabernet) grape varieties. Min. ageing is 1 year for the regular, 2 for Riserva.

-Superiore: min. 12% abv
-Riserva: 24 months.
Chianti Classico DOCG
Tuscany. Reds only from min. 80%-100% Snagiovese, other local varieties max. 20%, Cabernet Sauvignon max 15%. As of 2006 vintage, white grapes may not be used.
Chianti subzones
-Colli Aretini
-Chianti Classico
-Colli Fiorentini
-Chianti Montalbano
-Chianti Montespertoli
-Colline Pisane
-Chianti Rufina
-Colli Senesi
-Chianti Superiore (produced throughout Chianti w/ exception of the Classico subregion.
Chianti Classico subzones
-Castle Nuovo
-Greve Ardda
-San Casciano
Morellino di Scansano DOCG
Tuscany. Red wines from min. 85% Sangiovese, max. 15% other local red varieties.
Vernaccia di San Gimignano DOCG
Tuscany. Whites only from min. 90% Vernaccia di San Gimignano, max. 10% other local white varieties.
Vino Nobile di Montepulciano DOCG
Tuscany. Reds only from min. 70% Sangiovese (Prugnolo gentile), max 20% Canaiolo, max. 20% other local red varieties, max 10% other local white varieties.
Rosso di Montalcino DOC
Tuscany. 100% Sangiovese. Most producers treat it as a 2nd label to their Brunello; developed to give Brunello producers a more quickly marketable wine.
Sant'Antimo DOC
Tuscany. Reds and whites. For wines made in the Brunello zone but with international and native grapes. There is also a Vin Santo made.
Vin Santo di Montepulciano DOC
Tuscany. Sweet, rack-dried dessert whites from min. 70% Malvasia bianca and/or Grechetto bianco (locally known as Pulcinculo) and/or Trebbiano toscano; max. 30% other local white varieties. Deliberately oxidized style.

Also a type Occhio di Pernice- A pink Vin Santo, Min. 50% Sangiovese (Prugnolo gentile), max. 50% other local red varieties.
Bolgheri DOC
Tuscany. Reds are blends of Cabernet, Merlot, and Sangiovese. Whites from Trebbiano, Sauv. Blanc, and Vermentino. Also a pink vin santo, Occhio di Pernice recently added. Home of Sassicaia, which has its own DOC, and Ornellaia, also a Cab-based blend.
Bolgheri Sassicaia DOC
Tuscany. DOC for Tenuta San Guido's Sassicaia only. Min. 80% Cabernet Sauvignon, remainder Cab Franc. First of the Super-Tuscans, still the most elegant.
Super Tuscan mnemonic cheat
-All of the -aia's are Cab-based: Sassicaia, Ornellaia, Solaia, Lupicaia...

-Ending with -ello and -oro are Sangio-based: Tignanello, Cepparello, Fontalloro...

-Ending with -osso and -asso are Cab/Merlot: Paleo Rosso, Guado al Tasso...
Rosso di Montepulciano DOC
Tuscany. Reds from min. 70% Sangiovese (Prugnolo gentile), max. 20% Canaiolo, max. 20% other local varieties, max 10% white varieties.
San Gimignano DOC
Tuscany. Reds from primarily Sangiovese, vin santo from Malvasia and Trebbiano, Vin Santo Occhio di Pernice from min. 70% Sangiovese.
DOCGs of Umbria
Montefalco Sagrantino DOCG
Torgiano Rosso Riserva DOCG
Montefalco Sagrantino DOCG
Umbria. Red wine only from Sagrantino, max. 5% Trebbiano toscano. A sweet, passito style also made.
Torgiano Rosso Riserva DOCG
Umbria. Reds from 50-70% Sangiovese, 15-30% Canaiolo, max. 10% Trebbiano toscano, Ciliegiolo, and Montepulciano.
Orvieto DOC
Umbria. Dry and sweet white wines only from Trebbiano (Procanico), plus Malvasia, Grechetto, et al.
DOCGs of Campania
-Fiano di Avellino DOCG
-Greco di Tufo DOCG
-Taurasi DOCG
Fiano di Avellino DOCG
Campania. Dry white wines from min. 85% Fiano.
Greco di Tufo DOCG
Campania. Dry whites from min. 85% Greco (Greco di Tufo). Spumante version also made.
Taurasi DOCG
Campania. Reds from min. 85% Aglianico plus other local varieties. Min. age 3 years, 1 of which must be in cask. Considered to be the Barolo of the south.
Irpinia DOC
Campania. Whites from Greco and Fiano, reds min. 70% Aglianico.
DOCGs of Puglia (Apulia)
Brindisi DOC
Salice Salentino DOC
Leverano DOC
Copertino DOC
Alezio DOC
Lizzano DOC
Nardo DOC
Matino DOC
Puglia. All are full-bodied reds from Negroamaro.
Squinzano DOC
Puglia. Reds from min. 70% Negroamaro.
Primitivo di Manduria DOC
Puglia. Red dry and sweet wines from 100% Primitivo.
-Cacc’e Mitte de Lucera DOC
-Rosso Barfetto DOC
-Rosso di Cerognola DOC
-Orta Nova DOC
-Rossa Canosa DOC
Puglia. All are based on Uva di Troia, Montepulciano, and Sangiovese.
Aglianico del Vulture DOC
Basilicata. Red wines from 100% Aglianico. Normale is aged 12 months, Vecchio 36 months, Riserva 60 months. Grown on the slopes of Monte Vulture in volcanic soils; one of the best reds from the south. Full-bodied, dry red is the best known style. Can be semi-sweet and spumante as well.
-Cirò DOC
-Pollino DOC
-Donnici DOC
-Savuto DOC
Calabria. All red wines made from Gaglioppo.
Cirò DOC
Calabria. Reds from Gaglioppo, whites from Greco Bianco.
DOCGs of Sicily
Cerasuolo di Vittoria
Cerasuolo di Vittoria DOCG
Sicily. Reds from 50-70% Nero d'Avola, 30-50% Frappato.
Moscato di Pantellaria DOC
Sicily. White dessert wines from 100% Zibibbo, made in Naturale and Passito style.
Faro DOC
Sicily. Red wines from Nerello.
Marsala DOC
Sicily. Red and white fortified wines.

Types Oro and Ambra: Grillo, Catarratto, Ansonica, and/or Damaschino.

Type Rubino: Min. 70% Perricone, Calabrese and Nerello mascalese, other local white varieties, up to 30%.
DOCGs of Sardegna
Vermentina di Gallura
Vermentino di Gallura DOCG
Sardinia. White wines from min. 95% Vermentino.
Cannonau di Sardegna DOC
Sardinia. Reds from min. 90% Cannonau.
-First DOC
-First red DOC

-First DOCG
-First white DOCG
-First DOC- Vernaccia di San Gimignano (Tuscany, 1966)

-First red DOC-?

-First DOCG- Brunello di Montalcino (Tuscany, 1980)

-First white DOCG- Albana di Romagna (Emilia-Romagna, 1987)
Abboccato- slightly sweet

Amabile- sweeter than abboccato

Annata- means "year" and often precedes or follows the vintage date. Min. 85% of the wine must be from the indicated vintage.
Asciutto- bone dry
Chiaretto- wines falling between very light red and genuine rosé
Fattoria- farm
Imbottigliato All'Origine
Località, Ronco, or Vigneto
Messo in Bottiglia Nell'Origine
Fiore- "Flower". Often part of a name, it indicates quality, and implies that the first grape pressing is used.
Frizzante- semi-sparkling, the equivalent of pétillant
Imbottigliato All'Origine- estate-bottled
Località, Ronco, or Vigneto- indicates a single-vineyard wine
Messo in Bottiglia Nell'Origine- estate-bottled
Passito- strong, often sweet wine made from semidried grapes
Produttore All'Origine
Pastoso- medium-sweet
Produttore All'Origine- estate-bottled
Ramato- copper-colored wine made from Pinot Grigio grapes briefly macerated on their skins
Ripasso- wine refermented on the lees of a recioto wine
Stravecchio- very old wines aged according to DOC or DOCG rules
Talento- a registered trademark signifying a sparkling wine made by traditional method
Tenuta- estate
Uvaggio- wine blended from various grape varieties
Vigna or Vigneto
Vin Santo
Vino da Pasto
Vecchio- old
Vigna or Vigneto- vineyard
Vin Santo- Traditionally sweet white wine made from passito grapes stored in sealed casks, and not topped up for several years
Vino da Pasto- ordinary wine
Vechiato- "aged"
Appasimento- The pressing of dried grapes, which are usually allowed to dry until February.
Goria's Law
In February 1992 Law 164, "Goria's Law" enancted. Introduced IGT as a buffer between the DOCs and vini da tavola. Initially a failure because although regulations were less stringent than for DOCs, the IGTs could not mention their place of origin,
What is Venegazzu known for?
Cone Loredan Gasparini-Venegazzu.

A Veneto producer known for Cab and Merlot IGT blends from Veneto, as well as some sparkling wines. located in the Piave region of Veneto.