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28 Cards in this Set

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1. Business process reengineering (BPR)
The search for and implementation of radical change in business process to achieve breakthrough improvements in product and services.
2. Closed-end question
Questions in interviews and on questionnaires that ask those responding to choose from among a set of specific responses.
3. Disruptive technologies
Technologies that enable the breaking of long-held business rules that inhibit organizations from making radical business changes.
4. Formal system
The official way a system works as described in organizations documentation.
5. Informal system
The way a system actually works.
6. JAD session leader
The trained individual who plans and leads joint application design sessions.
7. Key business processes
The structure, measured set of activities designed to produce a specific output for a particular customer or market.
8. Open-ended questions
Questions in interviews and on questionnaires that have no pre-specified answer.
9. Scribe
The person who makes details notes of the happenings at a joint application design session.
10. Action stubs
The part of a decision table that list the conditions relevant to the decision.
11. Balancing
The conservation of inputs and outputs to a data flow diagram process when that process is decomposed to a lower level.
12. Condition stubs
The part of a decision table that list the conditions relevant to the decision.
13. Context diagram
A data flow diagram of the scope of an organizational system that shows the system that shows the system boundaries, external entities that interact with the system and the major information flows between the entities and the system
14. Data flow diagram
A graphic that illustrates the movement of data between external entities and the process and data stores with in a system.
15. Data store
Data at rest, which may take the form of many different physical representations.
16. Decision table
A matrix representation of the logic of the decision, which specifies the possible conditions for the decision and the resulting action.
17. Data flow diagram-DFD completeness
The extent to which all necessary components of a data flow diagram have been included and fully described.
18. Data flow diagram-DFD consistency
The extent to which information contained on one level of a set of nested data flow diagrams is also included on the other levels.
19. Gap analysis
The process of discovering discrepancies between two or more sets of data flow diagrams or discrepancies within a single DFD.
Indifferent condition, 177
In a decision table, a condition whose values does not affect which action is taken for two or more rules.
21. Level-0 diagram
A data flow diagram that represents a system’s major processes, data flows, and data stores at a high level of detail
22. Level-n diagram
A DFD that is the results of n nested decompositions of a series of subprocess from a process on a level-0 diagram
23. Primitive DFD
The lowest level of decomposition for a data flow diagram.
24. Process
The work or actions performed on data so that they are transformed, stored, or distributed.
25. Process modeling
Graphically representing the process that capture, manipulate, store and distribute data between a system and its environment and among components within a system
26. Rules
The part of a decision table that specifies which actions are to be followed for a given set of conditions
27. Source/sink
The origin and/or destination of data; sometimes-referred to as external entities.
28. Structured English
Modified form of the English language used to specify the logic of information systems process. Although there is no single standard, structured English typically relies on action verbs and noun phrases and contains no adjectives or adverbs.