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101 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Shalom Aleichem
Fiddler on the Roof
Sir Edmund Allenby
Head of the British Army in WWI
Lord Balfour
Balfour Declaration
Ehud Barak
PM
Menahem Begin
PM
David Ben Gurion
First PM
Eliezer Ben Yehuda
First Hebrew speaking son, Zionist forerunner
Bezalel
Biblical artist, art institute named for him
H.N. Bialik
National poet
Meir Dizengoff
1st Mayor of Tel Aviv
George Eliot
Pro-Zionist writer
Levi Eshkol
PM
A.D. Gordon
"Guru" of 2nd Aliya
Echad Ha'am
Cultural Zionist writer in Europe
Yehuda Halevi
11th century Spanish poet/philosopher
Theodor Herzl
president of 1st Zionist Congress
Zev Jabotinsky
Radical Zionist
David Lloyd George
British PM 1916, sympathetic to Zionist causes
Golda Meir
PM
Moses Montefiore
British, helped establish self-sufficiency of Jews in Israel
Benjamin Netanyahu
PM
Shimon Peres
PM
Yizhak Rabin
PM, assassinated in 1995
Rashi
10th century biblical commentator
Rothschild
philanthropist family
Herbert Samuel
1st British High Commissioner in Palestine
Yizhak Shamir
PM
Moshe Sharett
PM
Ariel Sharon
PM
Nahum Sokolov
Essayist, Zionism
Josef Trumpeldor
Formed WWI's Jewish Legion
Chaim Weizmann
1st president of Israel
Aliya
wave of immigration
Ashkenazy
European Jew
Baal Teshuva
newly Orthodox
BILU
group of pioneers from 1st Aliya
Diaspora
dispersion
Erets yisrael
Land of Israel
Galut
exile (negative connotation)
Gei
proud
Goy (shabbes goy)
non-Jew (helps on Shabbat)
Gush Emunim
group that wanted to keep 1967 territories
Haganah
Jewish partisan militia
Halakhah
religious law
Haredi
ultra-Orthodox
Hasid
branch of Haredi
High Holy Days/Days of Awe
10 days between Rosh Hashana and Yom Kippur
Hovevei Zion
Love of Zion
Intifada
"Shaking off", Palestinian uprising
Ketuba
marriage contract
Kibbutz
communal settlement
Kosher/kashrut
dietary laws
Law of Return
Jews can get citizenship in Israel
LEHI - Irgun
Revisionists, terrorism at end of British rule
Ma'apilim
illegal immigrants
Mikvah
ritual bath
Mizrahi
Jews of Middle Eastern descent
Moshav
agricultural settlement
Passover(Pesah)
commemoration of flight from Egypt
Pogrom
mob violence
Pumeditha
Rabbinic academy in medieval period
Purim
crossdressing holiday
Rabbi
teacher
Rebbe
holy man, leader in Haredi community
Right of Return
Right for refugees to return to Israel
Rosh Hashana
New year
Sabbath
day of rest
Sephardi
Spanish descent
Shoah
Holocaust
Shtetl
small city (eastern Europe)
Sukkot
feast of Tabernacles
Synagogue
place of worship
Torah
1st 5 books of Bible, Jewish Liturgy
Tzadik
holy man
Western Wall (Wailing Wall)
remnants of 2nd temple
Yad Vashem
holocaust memorial in Jerusalem
Yeshiva
religious academy
Yishuv
Jewish population in Palestine pre-statehood
Yom Kippur
Day of atonement
1881
1st Aliya
1897
1st Zionist Congress
1904-14
2nd Aliya
1914-18
WWI
1917
Balfour Declaration
1920-48
British Mandate
1936-39
Arab Revolt
1937
Peel Commission
1939
White Paper
1939-1945
WWII
1947
UN Partition
1948
Israel's Independence
1956
Suez War
1967
6 Day War
1973
Yom Kippur War
1978
Camp David
1982
Lebanon War
1987
1st Intifada
1991
Persian Gulf War
1993
Oslo Accords
1995
Rabin assassinated
2000
2nd Intifada