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38 Cards in this Set

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jahilya
period of ignorance

polytheism, sacrafices, slavery, no womens right in Saudi Arabia. Muhmammad attempted to reform
hijra
muhammads migration from mecca to medina in 622 that founded islam
ka'ba
located in mecca, center figure in islam. Muhhamad threw out all dietes except for one
medina
where theocracy was established
cleansing of the ka'ba
muhummad throws out the idols
theocracy
church + state united
muezzin
every mosque has 1

person who calls people to prayer
people of the book
jews + christians
kafir
infadel- dont believe in muhammad
niyat
pure intention
shirk
sin of polytheism
jihad
holy war
ali
muhhamads cousin

first imam
hadith
words and deeds of muhammad (or ali)
sunna
traditions of muhammad
fatwa
decisions concerning sharia by ulemas
5 pillars
creed
prayer
charity
fasting
pilgrimage
muslim creed
there is no god but allah, Muhammad is his prophet
battle of karbala
war between who should succeed Muhummad
muharram
day of slaughter to commemorate the battle of karbala, and the death of Husain
imam
person who leads friday prayer
madhi
messianic figure who disappeared
matam
greeting
doctrine of tanazzul
doctrine of descent
pir/murid
pir-guru
muric- disciple
dhikr (zikr)
get into a trans
goal is to lose ego
sama
moode (create a moode)
al-hallaj
killed, decapitated, burned for claiming he is God
fana
extinction- goal of sufism
doctrine of tawhid
God is one
islam
submission
notion of transcendance
God is one
reject polytheism, trinity
notion of self
self exists
sufi-self denial
notion of world
world has beggining, end
human condition
no concept of sin
notion of community
ummah- brotherhood of islam
notion of morality
koran
commandments of koran
life after death
paradise- life after death