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10 Cards in this Set

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"Abode of Islam"

this expression embraced the lands where Muslims predominated in the population, or at least, where Muslim Kings and Princes ruled over non-Muslim majorities and where in consequence the shari'a, or Sacred Law, of Islam was presumably the foundation of the social order
Dar al-Islam
pilgrimage to the Holy Places of Mecca and Medina in the Hijaz region of Western Arabia

Islam obliged ever Muslim who was not impoverished, enslaved, insane, or endangered by war or epidemic to do this at least once in his lifetime, and while there, to perform the set of collective ceremonies prescribed by the shari'a
Hajj
the ritual of walking around the Ka'ba in Mecca seven times
Tawaf (circumambulation)
a descendant of the Prophet Muhammad
Sharif
Travel; a type of Islamic literature concerned with travels, particularly for study and pilgrimage
Rihla
the sacred, cube-shaped builiding in Mecca
Ka'ba
certificate authenticating the holder's mastery of an Islamic text; conveys the right to teach the texts to others
Ijaza
one of the favorite Officers of the Sultan, appointed to both lead the caravan and act as the Sultan's representative in Mecca; also in charge of the kiswa, the huge black cloth that was woven and inscribed each year in Cairo and carried to Mecca to be draped over the Ka'ba
Amir al-Hajj
a green, richly decorated palenquin, which symbolized the sultan's formal authority, though no one rode inside it
Mahmal (or mahmil)
the huge black cloth that was woven and inscribed each year in Cairo and carried to Mecca to be draped over the Ka'ba
kiswa