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42 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the supreme God
Allah
"dikhr" characteristics of personal God
99 beautiful names
The birthplace of Muhammad, it is the holiest city of Islam and a pilgrimage site for all devout believers of the faith
mecca
"cube"
kabah
"people who submit"
muslims
"submission" or "srurrender"
Islam
"assalamu alaykum"
peace be upon you
journey from Mecca to Jerusalem and his assent to and return from heaven during the same night where he brought back God's commandment of the five daily compulsory prayers
the night journey or night of assent
the name for the muslim community, following the Quran
ummah
a place of prostration(arabic for mosque)
masjid
place of worship or prostration
mosque
chanter
muezzin
tower
minaret
call to prayer
adhan
a special arched niche in a masjid, indicating Meccas's direction
mihrab
the direction of mecca; the direction of prayer
qiblah
day of assembly(friday)
Yawm al-Jum'ah
two-part sermon of friday prayer
kutbah
What are the 5 pillars of Islam?
Shahadah, salat, zakat, sawm, hajj
"witness" refers to the first pillar, the muslim creed
shahadah
five ritual daily prayers
salat
charity to the poor; annual tax on all one owns
zakat
fasting during ramadan
sawm
pilgrimage to mecca
hajj
idolatry
shirk
the ninth month of the muslim calander, the mnth of fasting.
ramadan
recitation, the holy scriptures of islam; the revelations of muhammad
qur'an
chapters in the Quaran
surahs
muhammad, the last of all messengers
"seal of the prophets"
Qur'an the last/perfect revelation
"seal of revelation"
"recollections' or "narratives" concerning words/deeds of Muhammad; rememberance
hadiths
tradition implying the quran and hadiths as a collective authority
sunna
majority "tradition" of Islam, stressing practical, "democratic" leadership and the valuable role of reason, scholarship, and schools
sunni
minority "faction" of Islam, stressing hereditary, charismatic leadership
shiite
islamic mystic, emphasizing extinction of self & passionate, loving union, w/Allah
sufi
to strive/struggle; often used to name a "holy war"
jihad
religious leader, especially in the hereditary lineage of shiite islam
imam
successor, a practical/democratic leader of the Ummah, in Sunni Islam
caliph
a devotional remembrance of allah, through recitation of Allah's 99 names
dhikr
extinction of self in the mystical experience of sufis
fana
"path" refers to the entire body of laws guiding the believer's life
shariah
all life organized under the rule of God
theocracy