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37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Quraysh
town in Mecca where Mohammed was born
Khadija
MOhammed's first wife
Gabriel
Angel that tells MOhammed that he is to be the prophet to Allah/God
Ali
Mohammed's cousin/son-in-law
Yathrib
(today Medina) Mohammed moved here to start up in 622CE. Hijra (immigration) to Yathrib. Muslims become a community.
Hijra
immigration from Mecca to Medina 622
Constitution of Medina
Said all disputes to be brought to Mohammed
Battle of Badr
Started as a caravan raid, turned into a battle, Mohammed won, Great victory, pivotal point
Sunna
"way" or "custom" everything Mohammed did in his life, model of conduct for muslims
Matn
text of sunna
Isnad
Chain of transmission,citations that establish the legitimacy of the hadith
Hadith
traditions relating to the sayings and doings of the Muhammad.
Buraq
Winged horse mohammed rides to Jeruselum with Gabriel before asending to heaven
5 Pillars
Shahada, Salat, Sawm, Zakat, Hajj
Shahada
Witness to faith, declaration of belief in the oneness of God
4 "righteously guided" Caliphes
Abu bakr, Umar, Uthman and Ali, followers and companions of mohammed
Umayyads Dynasty
Founded by Mu'ayya in 661CE, centered in Syria, Sunnis
Kharijites
assasinated Ali, Most radical,
to be muslim need faith and actions
Murji'ites
Faith, not judgement, only god can judge
Traditionalists
Can be a better or worse muslim depending on your actions
Qadarites
Judgement can be made, levels muslim, hypocrite, nonmuslim, absolute jsutice of god (free will)
Takfir
to declare someone a non muslim
Wahhabi/ Salagi Islam
Believe ways of Mohammed no longer apply to the modern world
Mahdi
Person who will lead battles against evil upon the end of the world
Mutazilites
Came from Qadarites, emphasis on free will, suggest qur'an created in time (philosophy)
Kalam
speech put into the form of debate
Abu Lahab
contemporary of Mohammed, enemy
Anthropomorphism
describing god in human terms
Ash'ari
says Qur'an literal, God actually has a hand
Mutalilites
Believed God's hand is power
Shahada
Witness to faith, oneness of God
Salat
prayer five times a day
Sawm
Fasting
Hajj
pilgrimmage to Mecca
Zakat
charity, 2.5% of yearly earnings
roots of law
qur'an, sunna, Ijma (consensus), Quiyas (analogy)
Sufism
pursuit of a direct perception of spiritual truth or God, esoteric rather than exoteric focus