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22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
imam
A Muslim prayer leader
Polygamy
The practice that allowed a man to have more than one wife
Hanif
Holy men who opposed the polytheistic worship of idols
sheikh
A bedoin chief, appointed by the heads of families in the tribe
Quran
The Holy Book of Islam
Makkah
Muhammad's birthplace and the city where he recieved his revelations - thus, the spiritual capital of Islam.
shari'ah
The Islamic moral code of law
Hijrah
Muhammad's departure to Yathrib
madrasas
Theological schools for young Muslim men
Bedoin
Arabic nomads who herded livestock and lived in tribes in the desert
Sunni
The majority sect of Islam; those who do not believe the Caliph must be a descendent of Muhammad
Muhammad
The prophet of Islam
jihad
A holy struggle to spread Islam
Madinah
"City of the Prophet". Originally Yathrib, this was the political capital of Islam.
Muslims
The followers of Islam
Ali
Muhammad's son-in-law, the 4th caliph
Shiites
The manority sect of Islam, who believe the Caliph should be a descendent of Muhammad
hajj
The term for the annual pilgrimage to Makkah
bazaars
Marketplaces of shops and stalls where merchants met to trade and converse.
chronicles
Written accounts that arrange information in the order it occurred
caliph
"Successor" - the leader of the Islamic religion
Abu Bakr
Muhammad's father-in-law and the first caliph