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52 Cards in this Set

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Sauvignon Blanc
In the Vineyard
(Features)
Medium sized berries
Tight bunches
High acid
Late budding
Early Ripening
Sauvignon Blanc
In the vineyard
(features)
Meduim sized berries
Tight bunches
High acid
Late budding
early ripening
Sauvignon Blanc
In the vineyard
(susceptibility)
Very susceptible to Botrytis
Oidium
Black rot especially on fertile soils
Sauvignon Blanc
In the vineyard
(climate/soil preferences)
Chalk, gravel, loam, flint(silex), marl
cool but sunny climate
long growing season for sweet styles
Sauvignon Blanc
In the winery
Old and new word styles-cool fermentation
Both new oak and stainless steel ageing
Generally a young drinking wine but ageing potential in Bordeaux
Often blended with Semillon for body and roundness
Sauvignon Blanc
Notable regions
Upper Loire and Bordeaux France
Marlborough, New Zealand
South Africa, California, Australia, and Chile
Sauvignon Blanc
Common Desciptors
Aromatic:
Gooseberry, passion fruit, kiwi, lime zest, fruit salad
Green pepper
Mineral, flint, wet stone
cat's pee
Palate:
High acidity, meduim alcohol, dry and sweet styles
Chardonnay
In the vineyard
(features)
large berries usually with brown spots
high sugar capability
early budding-early ripening
ofen refered to as a "neutral" grape
Chardonnay
In the vineyard
(susceptibility)
Hardy variety
Powdery mildew
Poor results in wet or rich soils
Uneven fruit set due to frost
fast drop in acid at ripening
Chardonnay
In the vineyard
(climate/soil preferances)
highly adaptableto both soil and climate
some excellent epressions in limestone, chalky marl, sandstone, and calcareous
If too warm will over-ripen quickly
Chardonnay
In the winery
Malolactic fermentation common
Excels with oak ageing
Traditional old world-stainless steel=mineral tones
Cool climate-Chaptalization, warm climate- acidification
Chardonnay
Notable Regions
Burgundy, and Champagne France
Most wine growing regions including California, Australia, Chile, New Zealand, South Africa, Oregon, and Canada
Chardonnay
Common Descriptors
Aromatics:
Very dependant on soil and climate conditions
Green Apple, pear, lemon, grapefruit, mango
Nuts, popcorn, biscuits, butter, cream, butterscoth
Honey, flint and smoke
Palate:
Naturally medium to high acidity, potential for high alcohol
Burgundy
Grapes
Chardonnay
Pinot Noir
Gamay
Burgundy
Climate
Cool continental
Vintage variations common
Chablis
viti and vini
Chardonnay
Cool climate
minerally and acidic wines
only small amounts of oak
Cote d'Or
Regions
Cote de Nuit-reds, further north
Cote de Beaune-whites, further south
Chalonnais
Lower quality then Cote d'Or
Makes both reds and whites
No Grand Cru's
Maconnais
Bigger fruit and bigger oak then rest of Burgundy
Use of the term Village
Beaujolais
Almost all red from Gamay grape
10 cru's
Bordeaux Supierior
extra 1% alcohol
1855 Bordeaux Classification
By Napoleon, based on market prices of wines in the region.
Did not include the entire region's wines or vineyards that did not have a product that year
Bordeaux Varietals
Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon, Muscadelle
Cabrenet Sauvignon, Cabrenet Franc, Merlot, Petite Verdot, and Malbac
Bordeaux Climate
Maritime
Bordeaux soil
Left bank gravel
On the Right Bank, clay, limestone and sand
Bordeaux major appellations
The Right Bank consists of two major regions: Saint-Emili on and Pomerol
Left Bank - Saint-Estephe, Pauillac, SaintJulien, Margaux, 'pessac-Leognan, Graves, Sauternes, Haut-Medoc, Medoc
What 3 elements are important for good quality wine soil
Heat retention and heat reflection. Drainage. Mineral richness end up with intensity of flavor vs. Organic richness provides more green growth.
What is the main reason for pruning vines
To allow sun and air in, and control yields
) What is maoloactic fermentation? When does it take place?
The conversion of lactic acid to maoloactic acid. This is done after the primary fermentation
4 varietals allowed in grand cru Alsace
Pinot Gris
Riesling
Gewurztraminer
Muscat
Cremant
sparkling wine made in a traditional methode in France not in Champagne
AC vendage Tardire
Late harvest
Alsace varietals
Gerwurzttraminer, Riesling, Pinot Gris, Muscat, Pinot Blanc, Sylaner, chasselas, Pinot Noir
Alsace Climate
Long cool sunny growing season. Due to the Vosge Mountain range. Gives the rain shadow effect. Causes flavor intensity
Loire Varietals
Sauvignon Blanc
Chinnon Blanc
Muscadet (melon de burgogne)
Cabrenet Franc
Pinot Noir
Gamay
Loire CLimate
Maritime
Pouilly Fume Soil type
Silex
Rhone North vs South Vini
Northern Rhone singe virital expression
Souther Rhone all about the blend
Northern Rhone Varietals
Red Syrah, white Vignoir
Northern Rhone Climate
Continental- la Mistral
Northern Rhone Viti
Terraced vineyards
Hand harvesting
Northern Rhone soil
Pebbles, hilside
Southern Rhone varietals
Granache, Syrah, Mourvedre, Cinsault, Marsane, Rousanne-oxie fastest
Southern Rhone
Climate
Mediterranean
Mistral winds
Southen Rhone Soils
Rocky, pebbles,Pudding stones
Italy DOC
Denominazione di orgine controllata
DOCG
Denominazione di orgine controllata Garantita
wines have to go before a control panel.
Insure historicalness of a wine. Classic production methods
Piedmont
Famous for nebbilo grape
And Asti made from muscsto made in bulk method
Trentino alto-adige
Very northern region
Cold winters and warm summers mountainous
Many wines are labels by varietals
Known for Pinot Grigio production
Veneto
Influenced by Lake Garda
Famouse white wine Soave Garagenaga
Tuscany
Chianti-DOCG
Chianti Classico-DOCG
Brunello di montalcino 100% sangiovese
Vino Nobile di Montepulciano (Prugnolo clone)
Vin Santo- Completely oxidized
Grenache
Grancha= cannonau