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441 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What is the grape variety Mazuela(mazuelo) also known as?
Carignane (USA), Carignano (Italy), Carinena (Spain)
Give 3 french wines that you would pair with bouillabaise:
-Cassis
-Rose Bandol
-Tavel Rose
Crottin De Chavignol is a _ that goes well with the white wine from the local _ area.
-goat cheese
-Sancerre (sauv blanc)
If a red wine is to be recommended with spicy (hot) food, what characteristics would you like it to have?
Soft ripe fruit and low tannins
What is the appropriate serving temperature for fino sherry?
8-10C
45-50F
Briefly explain canopy management
-Training and trellesing
-Disease control
-Green harvesting
In which Italian province is the DOC of Cinqueterre located?
Liguria
What is the principal soil type of Portugal's Douro Valley?
A) Schist B) LImestone C) Sand D) Clay
Schist

note: clay is usually found in costal areas
What grape variety(ies) are used to make sweeter-style Sherrys?
-Muscat of Alexandria
-Pedro Ximenez (PX)

note: Palamino is main sherry varietal
What are the permitted grapes for Tavel AC?
-Grenache
-Cinsaut (Cinsault)
Name a Grand Cru Climat (vinyard) of the Cote de Beaune.
-Charlemagne AOC,- Corton AOC
-Corton-Charlemagne AOC
-Montrachet AOC, -Batard AOC
-Batard-Montrachet AOC
Name the different sub-regions of Armagnac
-Haut-Armagnac
-Bas-Armagnac
-Tenareze
How many distillations does Cognac undergo?
2x in traditional pot still made of copper
The DOC of Dao requires a 20% minimum of this grape variety
Touriga Nacional
(another 60% should include Tinta Roriz, Jaen, Alfrocheiro Preto... also Tempranillo and other Tinto's)
Two of the districts in the Cognac region are referred to as "Grande Champagne" and "Petite Champagne". To what does the word "Champagne" refer?
Soils in these districts have a high chalk content
Italian Grappa is a brandy distilled from grape pomace. What are the names given to other brandies distilled from the same source?
-Aguardiente
-Marc
-Bagaciera
What are the French vins de liqueurs made from a blend of grape juice and grape spirit?
-Pineau des Charentes
-Floc de Gascogne
-Ratafia
What are the districts in Armagnac?
-Bas-Armagnac
-Tenareze
-Haut-Armagnac
What are the spirits that may be used as a base for liqueurs?
-Whisky
-Rum
-Brandy
-Fruit eau de vie
What are permitted grape varieties in Alsace?
-Gewurztraminer
-Riesling
-Pinot Noir
What is the maximum yield for Alsace Grand Cur AOC?
65 hl/ha
Botrytis Cinerea is the name of a fungus that:
-is also known as noble rot or grey rot
-is a good rot and a bad rot depending on weather conditions
-is responsible for the great sweet wines of Tokay-Aszu
-is not desireable for the production of icewine
Prognolo, Nielluccio, Morellino, are synonyms of this Italian grape variety.
Sangiovese
Where is Montefalco Sagrantino DOCG produced?
Umbria
Which Italian province produces the largest volume of wine?
Sicily
What re the two Verdicchio DOC zones?
-Matelica
-Castelli di Jesi
Which DOCG of Tuscany is produced using Prugnolo Gentile?
Vino Nobile di Montepulciano
What is the primary grape of Puglia?
Negroamaro
What is the primary grape of Campania?
Aglianico
What is the primary grape of Sicily?
Nero d'Avola
Is Greco the primary grape of Calabria?
No
In brandy distillation which is the most commonly used still?
the Coffey still
Fixin is a village in the region of
Cotes de Nuits
What are the principal wine making grapes of Pacherenc du Vic-Bilh AOC?
Petit and Gros Manseng
What is a danger that does not pose a threat to a vine at the critical flowering stage?
Gray Rot
What are dangers that pose a threat to a vine at the critical flowering stage?
-Hail
-Rain
-Excessive high or low temperatures
What are the uses of Sulfer Dioxide?
-to kill bacteria and yeasts.
-as an antioxidant.
-to cleanse casks after use.
-as an antiseptic.
What is not a use for Sulfur Dioxide?
To prevent formation of tartrate crystals
What does the word "moelleux" indicate?
Sweetness
AOC Travel produces
Rose' only
What does the trem "governo" mean?
The addition aof the juice from semi-dried grapes to fermenting must
What is the appellation for red wine only?
Cornas
Name a wine made from the Aglianico grape
Taurasi DOCG
What is a synonym for Malbec?
Cot
The grape variety Savagnin is best known for the production of what wine?
Vin Jaune
What are some AC's for sweet white wines?
-Cadillac
-Sainte-Croix-du-Mont
-Loupiac
-Monbazillac
Which wine region produces Beaumes-de-venise?
Southern Rhone
What are the grape varieties widely grown in Sardegna?
-Cannonau
-Vermentino
Which vineyard in the Cote de Beaune had Grand Cru Status for both its red and white wine?
Corton
What is the main red grape variety used to make Madiran?
Tannat
Name three appellations in Languedoc-Roussillon
Fitou, Minervois, Corbieres
Which is the largest region for the production of Cognac?
Bon Bois
What is the condition known as chlorosis caused by?
Iron deficiency, comon in limestone soils
What best describes an abbacato wine?
Medium-sweet
What are a couple of AC Vin de Corse Crus?
Ajaccio
Patrimonio
What two wines are from the Jura region?
Vin Jaune and Vin de Paille
What is the primary grape variety used n the production of Gattinara DOCG?
Nebbiolo
What are Mirabelle and Quetsch respectively distilled from?
Yellow Plums, Blue Plums
What is one of the varieties considered to be the best grape for Valpolicella DOC production?
Corvina
The two best sub-districts of the Cognac district are
-Petite and Grande Champagne
What is Sussreserve?
Sweet juice added to wine at the end of fermentation to increase sweetness
(back blending)
What is a Lagare?
Cement trough for the stompage of grapes (in Portugal)
What is the name of the best AC for Calvados?
AC Calvados du Pays d'Auge
Name 3 rose wines of France
-tavel
-bandol
-champagne
-rose de loire
-rose de anjou
Name a DOCG wine frm southern Italy
-Tourasi made from aglianico
(Southern DOCGs: Solopaca, Greco di Tufo, Cilento, Pollino)
What is Estufagem?
Process of cooking and or heating wine
ie: Madeira
"fine" and "marc" refer to what beverages and how are they different?
Grape based spirits
fine-brandy made outside of Cognac
marc-made of pomace
Name the most vulnerable stage of a vines' growing cycle and give one of the hazards it is exposed to
also bud breaking - frost
* flowering - hail, wind and cold weather
What is the alternate name for Cremant de Limoux?
blanquette de limoux from Languedox
(sparkling wine made outside champagne
Which district in Burgundy has the largest number of Grand Crus?
Cote de Nuits
eg: Chambertin AOC, Musigny AOC, La Romanee AOC, La Tache AOC, Clos de Tart AOC
Describe a classic Oloroso style Sherry
Dark, dry, amber, nutty
What is the main difference between a Lager and an Ale?
Ale-top fermentation
Lager-bottom fermentation
Other than the principal element in a dish (type of meat, fish, etc.) what would be an importnat consideration in wine and food pairing?
Sauce
Weight
Acidity
Sweetness
What is the minimum age necessary for a cognac to be called "XO"?
6 years
XO = extra old
VSOP = verys pecial old pale
What is a Gonc?
Hungarian cask for Tokaji (Tokaj/Tokay)
Where is the commune of Montagny located?
Cote Chalonnaise - whites only!
Where is the commune of St. Romain located?
Cote de Beaune
Where would you find the Italian grape variety Lagrein?
Trentino Alto Adige
How would a wine maker discourage malo-lactic fermentation?
drop the temperature and add sulfer
What is the main grape in Soave DOC?
Garganega
What is the maximum perimtted yield of Grand Cru Burgundy?
30 hl/ha
True or False:
Poulsard is a white grape
Flase
Truse or False:
Cahronnay is not permitted in the Jura
False
Chardonnay and Pinot Noir are both major there
In Provence, Cabernet Sauvignon may not comprise more than _% in a blend
30%
True or False:
Cabernet Sauvignon is permitted for AOC wine on Corsica
False
Define the following German term:
Anbaugebiete
Region
Define the following German term:
Bereich
District in an Anbaugebiete(region)
Define the following German term:
Grosslage
Collection of vineyards in a Bereich(district)
Define the following German term:
Einzellage
Single vineyard in a Grosslage(collection of vineyards)
Define the following German term:
Weingut
Winery
Define the following German term:
Amtliche Prufnummer
12 digit number on bottle denoting that wine has passed vigorous tasting and analysing
Define the following German term:
Charta
Group to promote wine and food (drywine)
Define the following German term: Erzeugerabfullung
Estate Bottled
Define the following German term: Grosses Gewachs
Great Growths
Define the following German term: Erstes Gewachs
First Growths
Define the following German term: Fuder
Large oval cask over 1000L
Define the following German term: Edelfaule
Noble Rot
Define the following German term: Trocken
Dry
Define the following German term: Halbtrocken
1/2 Dry
Describe the style, implied quality, the Oschsle degrees range and any noteworthy restrictions of:
Wein
Cheap blend from outside EU
What is Bouvier?
a table grape...
Burgenland, Austria for Strum (early bottled) and in the Matra foothills of Hungary
Who was Dr. Muller Thurgau?
Dr. Herman Muller born in the Swiss Canton of Thurgau developed the grape in 1882 to get a grape like Riesling to be Viti happy and early ripening like Silvaner
The cross is now known to be...
To what does the term Oeil de Perdrix refer?
French for 'Partridges Eyes' - a name and tasting term for pale pink wines made of Pinot Noir in the Neuchatel Canton of Switzerland
What about Humagne Blanc?
a wine with high iron content - formerly given to babies in Switzerland....
green bean and capsicum aroma with hints of exotic fruit on the palate and a touch of bitterness on the finish
What is the general description of the wine styles and quality of wine in Austria?
Dry wines with high extract and pronounced acid
sweet wine in Burgenland
Outline the wine laws of QmP Austrian wine
- from one area, vintage dated, official certified must weight, no chapitalization, no sussreserve, a minimum of 5% alcohol
Define the term Steinfeder
Spritzig (semi-sparkling)
light, fragrant, white wine of the Wachau region of Austria
Define the term Federspiel
Classic Wachau dry, white wine with 11 - 12.5% alcohol - no chapitalization (racy falcon thing - falconry?)
Define the term Smaragd
valuable white wine from the ripest grapes on the best sites of Wachau with alcohol greater than 12.5% and can age up to 20 years (also a local green lizard)
What is the name of the Austrian scale for determing repeness of grapes, and how is the scale different from that used by the Germans?
Klosterneuburg (KMW)
1 degree = 1% by weight of sugar in must
and is 5 degrees Oechsle
Name the 8 subregions in Weinbauregion Niederosterreich
Wachau, Kremstal, Kamtal, Weinviertel, Traisental, Donnuland, Carnuntum, Thermenregion
Name the subregion in Weinbauregion Wein
Wein
Name the 4 subregions in Weinbauregion Bergenland
Neusledler See, Neusledler See Hugelland, Mittelburgenland, Sudburgenland
Name the 3 subregions in Weinbauregion Steiermark (Styria)
Sudoststeiermark, Sudsteiermark, Weststeiermark
Styria is SE Austria - aeromatic, lively, dry white wine
Briefly describe how AUSBRUCH wines are produced:
Traditionally adding small portion of non Botryis grapes to juice of (Furmint) grapes with Noble Rot - in Barrel or Stainless (27 KMW / 139 Oechsle- Rust 30KMW
17th Century like Tokaji of Hungary
also use Welshriesling, Chard PB and Traminer
What is the Neusiedlersee?
Wine and Lake area of Burgenland, East Austria where sweet whate and red wines are made - Botrytis is prevanlent due to lake effect, autumn temp and humidity
Describe Switzerland in terms of the 6 factors:
Climate - Continental - Fohn is warm wind that effects the south, cold alpine
Vintage - 40 % of wine is produced in Valais
Soils - calcarious (Limestone of Calcium Carbonate)
Varieties -* Pinot Noir, Gamay, Merlot, *Chasselas, Pinot Gris (Malvoisie), Pinot Blanc, Gewurtztraminer, Chardonnay
Viti - terraced
Vini -
List all the synonyms for Chasselas
Fendant in Switzerland
Weisser Gutedel in Germany
Chasselas de Moissac in France
Moster Walscher in Austria
Marzemina Bianca in Italy
(edelswicker in Alsace
What is Dole?
TS - Red wine from Pinot Noir with Gamay in Valais, Switzerland
ISG -
The Following is a name of FAMOUS Bereiche, Village, or Vineyard. What is the correct Bereich or Anbaugebiete where it is located: Doctor
Bernkastel
The Following is a name of FAMOUS Bereiche, Village, or Vineyard. What is the correct Bereich or Anbaugebiete where it is located: Lay
Bernkastel
The Following is a name of FAMOUS Bereiche, Village, or Vineyard. What is the correct Bereich or Anbaugebiete where it is located: Kurfurstlay
Mosel
The Following is a name of FAMOUS Bereiche, Village, or Vineyard. What is the correct Bereich or Anbaugebiete where it is located: Brauneberg
Mosel
The Following is a name of FAMOUS Bereiche, Village, or Vineyard. What is the correct Bereich or Anbaugebiete where it is located: Juffer Sonnenuhr
Mosel
The Following is a name of FAMOUS Bereiche, Village, or Vineyard. What is the correct Bereich or Anbaugebiete where it is located: Piesport
Mosel
The Following is a name of FAMOUS Bereiche, Village, or Vineyard. What is the correct Bereich or Anbaugebiete where it is located: Trittenheim
Mosel
The Following is a name of FAMOUS Bereiche, Village, or Vineyard. What is the correct Bereich or Anbaugebiete where it is located: Erden
Mosel
The Following is a name of FAMOUS Bereiche, Village, or Vineyard. What is the correct Bereich or Anbaugebiete where it is located: Treppchen
Piesport, Mosel
The Following is a name of FAMOUS Bereiche, Village, or Vineyard. What is the correct Bereich or Anbaugebiete where it is located: Ockfen
Saar
The Following is a name of FAMOUS Bereiche, Village, or Vineyard. What is the correct Bereich or Anbaugebiete where it is located: Scharzhofberg
Mosel
The Following is a name of FAMOUS Bereiche, Village, or Vineyard. What is the correct Bereich or Anbaugebiete where it is located: Nierstein
Rheinhessen
The Following is a name of FAMOUS Bereiche, Village, or Vineyard. What is the correct Bereich or Anbaugebiete where it is located: Gutes Domtal
Rheinhessen
The Following is a name of FAMOUS Bereiche, Village, or Vineyard. What is the correct Bereich or Anbaugebiete where it is located: Diedesheim
Pfalz
Describe the location, climate and general soil profile of Austria
Location - Central Europe, SE of Germany, NE of Italy, NW of Slovakia & Hungary, N of Solvenia
Climate - Continental, hotter and dryer and colder than France
Soil -
Describe the Rheinhessen as a wine producing region, using the 6 factors of climate, vintage soils, grape varieties, viticulture and vinification
Climate - continental protected from winds and rain on the west
Vintage - over 1/2 is sold as brands or under 'grosselage', 1/4 exported
Soil - red soil of loess, sand and calcarious
Varieties - Riesling, Pinot Noir, Silvaner, Muller Thurgau, *Red Dornfelder (most widely planted) and German crossings
Viti - best in North, organic and biodynamic
Vini - wines with aromas of peach, citrus and distinctive smoked meat
Describe the Rheinpfalz as a wine producing region, using the 6 factors of climate, vintage soils, grape varieties, viticulture and vinification
Climate - Continental - some protection from the Vosges
Vintage -
Soil - sandstone, and volcanic and some limestone
Varieties - Riesling, Grauburgunder(PG), Weissbugunder(PB), Dorfelder, Spatburgunder(PN) and some crossings
Viti -
Vini - increasing amount of Sparkling wines, sec style in Tank Methode (cuvee close)
Describe red wine production in Germany mentioning key areas, quality and quantity, grapes, styles and techniques employed
Production - little exported
Key Areas -
Q & Q -
Varieties - Spatburgunder(late), portugieser, Trollinger(late) - Wurttemburg
Styles - light and fruity
Techniques -
The Following is a name of FAMOUS Bereiche, Village, or Vineyard. What is the correct Bereich or Anbaugebiete where it is located: Geisenheim
Rheingau
The Following is a name of FAMOUS Bereiche, Village, or Vineyard. What is the correct Bereich or Anbaugebiete where it is located: Johannisberg
Rheingau
The Following is a name of FAMOUS Bereiche, Village, or Vineyard. What is the correct Bereich or Anbaugebiete where it is located: Marcobrunn
Rheingau
The Following is a name of FAMOUS Bereiche, Village, or Vineyard. What is the correct Bereich or Anbaugebiete where it is located: Assmannhausen
Rheingau
The Following is a name of FAMOUS Bereiche, Village, or Vineyard. What is the correct Bereich or Anbaugebiete where it is located: Hochheim
Rheingau
The Following is a name of FAMOUS Bereiche, Village, or Vineyard. What is the correct Bereich or Anbaugebiete where it is located: Kirchenstuck
Rheingau
The Following is a name of FAMOUS Bereiche, Village, or Vineyard. What is the correct Bereich or Anbaugebiete where it is located: Rudesheim
Rheingau
The Following is a name of FAMOUS Bereiche, Village, or Vineyard. What is the correct Bereich or Anbaugebiete where it is located: Schloss Johannisberg
Rheingau
The Following is a name of FAMOUS Bereiche, Village, or Vineyard. What is the correct Bereich or Anbaugebiete where it is located: Schlossberg
Heisches Bergstrasse
The Following is a name of FAMOUS Bereiche, Village, or Vineyard. What is the correct Bereich or Anbaugebiete where it is located: Erbach
Rheingau
The Following is a name of FAMOUS Bereiche, Village, or Vineyard. What is the correct Bereich or Anbaugebiete where it is located: Badstube
Mosel
The Following is a name of FAMOUS Bereiche, Village, or Vineyard. What is the correct Bereich or Anbaugebiete where it is located: Bernkastel
Mosel
Describe the style, implied quality, the Oschsle degrees range and any noteworthy restrictions of:
Wein
Style - blend
Quality - cheap
Degrees -
from outside EU
Describe the style, implied quality, the Oechsle degrees range and any noteworthy restrictions of:
Landwein
Style - trocken/halbtrocken
Quality - lowest (vin de pays)
Degrees - 1/2 % more alcohol than German Table wine
Describe the style, implied quality, the Oechsle degrees range and any noteworthy restrictions of:
Gutswein
Style - VDP general, strict vinification methodes
Quality - 75 hl/h max yeild
Degrees -
Estate / Commune wines
Describe the style, implied quality, the Oechsle degrees range and any noteworthy restrictions of:
Tafelwein
Style - blend
Quality - above Wein
Degrees -
100% member of EU
Describe the style, implied quality, the Oechsle degrees range and any noteworthy restrictions of:
Deutscher Tafelwein
Style - any
Quality - lowest grade of 100% German Wein
Degrees -
100% Germany
Describe the style, implied quality, the Oechsle degrees range and any noteworthy restrictions of:
QbA
Style - Chapitalized and suss reserve
Quality - commercial product
Degrees - lower than Kabinett
1 of 13 regions
Describe the style, implied quality, the Oechsle degrees range and any noteworthy restrictions of:
QmP
Style - ranges from dry to sweet
Quality - ranges
Degrees - 67 - 154 Oe
Mit Pradikats
Describe the style, implied quality, the Oechsle degrees range and any noteworthy restrictions of:
Kabinett
Style - fruity, lightest
Quality - normal harvest
Degrees - 67 - 85 Oe
'cabinet'
Describe the style, implied quality, the Oechsle degrees range and any noteworthy restrictions of:
Spatlese
Style - fuller, fruitier
Quality - step up from Kabinett
Degrees - 76 - 95
later harvest
Describe the style, implied quality, the Oechsle degrees range and any noteworthy restrictions of:
Auslese
Style - rich, slightly sweet, long on the palate
Quality - above Spatlese
Degrees - 83 - 105
select harvest of bunches with edelfaule/botrytis
Describe the style, implied quality, the Oechsle degrees range and any noteworthy restrictions of:
Beerenauslese
Style - rich, sweet
Quality - rare, pricey
Degrees - 110 - 128
selectivly picked grapes begun to shrivel on the vine
Describe the style, implied quality, the Oechsle degrees range and any noteworthy restrictions of:
Eiswein
Style - sweet with balanced tart crisp
Quality - between BA and TBA
Degrees -same min sugar as BA
Frozen Grapes - Icewine @ -8C/18F
Describe the style, implied quality, the Oechsle degrees range and any noteworthy restrictions of:
Trockenbeerenauslese
Style - raisen wine - nectare, honey
Quality - rare $$$
Degrees - 150 - 154 Oe
selectivly picked raisened grapes, only in best vintages
Describe the Mosel-Saar-Ruwer as a wine producing region, using the 6 factors of climate, vintage soils, grape varieties, viticulture and vinification
Climate - cool enough for eiswein,warm 64F in July, 656', 23" annual
Vintage -
Soil -slatey with good mineral and heat retention (white)
Varieties - Riesling, Muller Thurgau, Elbing
Viti - steep slopes with south face
Vini - sussreserve, icewine, low alcohol
Describe the Rheingau as a wine producing region, using the 6 factors of climate, vintage soils, grape varieties, viticulture and vinification
Climate - sheltered by the Taunus
Vintage -
Soil - Loam, Loess, Clay and Blue Phyllite-Slate around Assmanshausen
Varieties -
Viti -
Vini -
Define the following German term:
Bereich
District in an Anbaugebiete
Define the following German term:
Grosslage
Collection of vineyards in a Bereich
Define the following German term:
Einzellage
Single vineyard in a Grosslage
Define the following German term:
Weingut
Winery
Define the following German term:
Amtliche Prufnummer
12 digit number on bottle denoting that wine has passed vigorous tasting and analysing
Define the following German term:
VDP
Verband Deutsche Pradikat - Sweingeter
Define the following German term:
Charta
Group to promote wine and food (drywine)
Erzeugerabfullung
Estate bottle
Grosses Gewachs
Great growths
Erstes Gewachs
first growths
Fuder
Large oval cask over 1000L
Edelfaule
Noble Rot
Trocken
Dry
Halbtrocken
1/2 Dry
Schillerwein
Pink wine specialty from Wurttemberg (red and white blended)
Where is this southern AOC located:
Bellet
Far south east in Provence - in the hills above nice (small)
Where is this southern AOC located:
Bandol
Provence (serious)
Where is this southern AOC located:
Faugeres
Languedoc
Where is this southern AOC located:
Pic. St. Loup
Coteaux de Languedoc - around Montpellier
Where is this southern AOC located:
Collioure
Meditaranean Coast - north od the French-Spanish boarder
Describe Germany's position on the European continent, including size and degrees of latitude spanned
Position
Central Europe...clockwise from North
-south ofNorth Sea, Denmark and Baltic Sea
-west of Poland, Czeck and Austria
-north of Italy and Switzerland
-east of France Belgium and Netherlands
Size - 137826sq miles (size of Montana)
Degrees of Latitude -
In 1930 there was an effort to craft wine laws that would improve quality. What were some of the strictures covered by this law?
-forbidding of blending of red and white, foriegnand domestic
-hybrid planting and the sale od those wines
-to improve quality
Describe the wine laws of 1971
(what were the aims of the reforms and what were the results?)
the updated 1930 law...
vineyard rationalization - all deliniated and reregistered, permitting any quality level - depending not on yeilds but on must weight (ripeness)
precipitated bu EU Wine Regime
considered precise compared to AOC and DOC
In 1944 the laws were again revised. List a few of the revisions.
- max yeild based on actual area in production (QBA=< avg. of last 10yrs)
- quaility wine is tasted and analysed and gets an AP#
- raised min must weights for QmP in Ahr, Mittlerhein, MSR, Saale Unstrut and Sachsen
- additional controls on surplus wine and required distillation
- a move to havethe lable system clearer
Unlike France, the quality of German wines is based on:
level of sugar in grape at time of harvest (must weight) in degrees of Oechsle
Discuss the yield issue in Germany
1980's over 100L
List the 13 Anbaugebieten of Germany
Ahr, Mitterland, Mosel Saar Ruwer, Nahe, Rheingau, Rheinhessen, Pfalz, Hessische Bergstrausse, Franken, Wurtternberg, Baden, Sacele Unstrut, Sachsen (Saxony)
Describe all the special attributes of the Riesling grape and state why it is the ideal grape for Germany
- age ability
- shows distinction based on vineyard (terroir) with out losing its own style
- combo of acidity and extract regardless of residual / alcohol %
- all levels of sweetness (inc.icewine and botrytis infected...)
List 5 German grape varieties that are the result of crossing
Muller Thurgau, Bacchus, Kerner, Erenfelzer, Scheurebe
Define the following German term:
Angaugebiete
Region
Name the 'crus' of Corsica
Vin de Corse, Patrimonio, Ajaccio, Muscadet du Cap Corse
What is a southern synonym for Vermentino?
in...Provence - Rolle, Ligurian - Pigato, Piedmont - Favorita, Corsica - Malvoise de Corse
What is a synonym for Nielluccio?
Sangiovese
What is a 'garrigue'?
reference to a dry herbal characteristic that comes through in wines of the south of France (herbs de provence)
List the 5 most important red grapes in Landuedoc/Rousillon
Carignan, Grenache, Cinsaut, Syrah, Mouvedre
True or False:
Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot are permitted in the AOC wines of the Languedoc/Rousillon
Faalse- used for Vin de Pays - 70% sold as varietals
What is special about the wines of Minervois La Liviniere AOC?
the first Minervois Village to get its own appelation
Describe the difference between the wines of hte Maritime and the Montagne sections of Fitou AOC
Maritime - coastal, clay limestone (Mouvedre)
Montagne - mountains, shist (Syrah with lower yeilds)
Describe the wines of Banyuls AOC, and the Grand Cru wines of Banyuls AOC
France's finest and most complex Vin du Naturels, (no muscat) Grenache Noir based - 50% Banyuls and 75% for Grand Cru
Name all FIVE of the delimited Vin du Pays regions in France
Vin de Pays du Jardin de la France - Loire
Vin de Pays des Comtes Rhodaniens - NR
Vin de Pays D'Oc - LR
Vin de Pays du Comte Tolosan - SWF
Vin de Pays Portes de Mediterranee - SW
What is Brandade de Morue?
Cod puree specialty of Provence and Languedoc
What is Fougasse?
a crusty lattice like bread made from bagette dough or puff pastry, often flavored with anchovies, black olives, herbs, spices or onions - a specialty of Provence and the Meditarranean
Provence Rose' is made from what grape(s)?
Grenache
Pick the odd man out: Perpignan, Antibes, Cantena, Marseille
Cantenac is in Bordeaux and all the others are in the south
Where is the southern AOC located: Corbieres
Languedoc (with Pyrenean foothills)
True or False:
Poulsard is a white grape
Flase
Truse or False:
Chardonnay is not permitted in the Jura
False - Chard and Pinot Noir are major there
Detail the production method of Vin Jaune
'yellow wine'
late harvested Savagnin grapes - slowly fermented in old casks with no topping up and Flor development to protect it from oxidation
What would you expect from a wine in AOC Etoile?
Vin Jaune, Vin de Paille, Mousseaux (chard based)
Which famous Frenchman was born in the AOC of Arbois?
Louis Pasteur (1822-95)
Name a synonym for the Altesse
Roussette
Describe the wines of Apremont
light, dry white from local Jacquere grape (some chard)
Which Rousillon AOC abuts the Spanish border
Rivesaltes
Describe the wines of Blanquette de Limoux
sparkling wine, traditional methode in the Languedoc
In Provence, Cabernet Sauvignon may not comprise more than _% in a blend
30%
Describe the wines of AOC Bandol
Mediterranean red wine, deep flavored lush blends - dominated by Mourvedre
What are some of the features that make Bandol AOC special?
the most serious wines of Provence, like Chateauneuf-du-pape they are enjoyable in youth as well as possess great longevity
What is Bellet?
small, historic appellation in the far south east of Provence
1/3 of red, white and rose production
Describe the wines of the Cotes du Luberon
1/3 of each
- all reds have some syrah (good ones will have garrigue
- crisp whites
- roses have up to 20% white grapes
True or False:
Cabernet Sauvignon is permitted for AOC wine on Corsica
False
Describe the general style of Cabernet d'Anjou
some what sweet Rose with high acidity made from Cabernet Franc and Cabernet Sauvignon that can age and is good with many savoury dishes
Describe the similarities and differences between the wines of Vouvray and Savennieres
Both are Chenin Blanc in tha Loire
Savennieres is only dry and Vouvray can be dry, sweet, sparkling
Slate, Schist and Sandstone in Savennieres and Vouvray is Clay and Gravel topsoil over Tuffeau (a soft limestone)
hand harvest in Savennieres and passes in Vouvray (tries)
Where is Gamay planted in the Loire?
Touraine
Where is Pinot Noir planted in the Loire?
Upper Loire
What wines are maded in Haut-Poitou VDQS?
Varietal - clean fruity acid - equal red and white
'Pineau de la Loire' refers to what?
Chenin Blanc
Is there a difference between the wines of Quarts-de-Chaume and Bonnezeau?
Bonnezeau is less famous and has .5%more potential alcohol
What is flint?
'silex'
a part of the soil that Pouilly Fume (Sauvignon Blanc in the Loire) is grown in
gives 'gunflint' on the nose
What is Valencay famous for?
Sauvignon Blanc
crisp wines of all colors
(cabs, malbec, gamay, pn, chard, arbois
Name 3 great producers of Vouvray
Pichot, Huet, Philippe Foreau
Is a Saumur Mousseau or an Anjou Mousseau made by the Traditional Method or the Tank Sparkling wine method?
Saumur - Traditional
For how long must Muscadet Sur Lie be aged upon its lees?
over the winter
Describe the general climate, soils and winemaking in the Nantais
Climate - Mild Maritime
Soil - Granite(sub), light sandy
Winemaking - light, fresh and a max of 12% alcohol
Locate the regions of Jura and Savoie
Jura - far east, between Burgundy and Switzerland
Savoie - south of Jura, east of Rhone
Describe the soils in the Jura
The best are Marl - low is Clay and high is Limestone
Name four top white left bank Bordeaux wines.
Lafite-Rothschild
Latour
Clos d'Estournel
Mouton Rothschild
Pick the odd man out: Dubordieu, Parker, Peynaud, Rolland
Parker - everyone else makes wine one way or the other
What are the two main reasons for the popularity and exposure of Bordeaux wines in the past and in the present?
Past - it was a major Port of shipping, english influance and market, sheer quantity
Present - reputation
Name the 4 sub-regions of the Loire Valley from west to east
Nantlais, Anjou Saumur, Touraine, Upper Loire
Name four important tributaries of the Loire (from the vines point of view!)
Loire, Thouet, Vienne, Canal lateral a la Loire
In broad strokes, describe the location, climate, geology and geography of the Loire Valley
Location - along the Loire River in NW France
Climate - Continental
Geology -
Geography -
What is the Vin de Pays designation for the Loire Valley?
Jardin de la France
Sub region for the AOC
Quincy
Upper Loire
Sub region for the AOC
Chinon
Touraine
Sub region for the AOC
Vouvray
Touraine
Sub region for the AOC
Menetou-Salon
Upper Loire
Sub region for the AOC
Pouilly Fume
Upper Loire
Breton is a synonym for what grape?
Cabernet Franc
What is Tuffeau?
Common rocktype of the Central Loire
betterdrainage than most Limestones
Jaune is overlying sandy - for Cab Franc in some of Chinon's best Vineyards (also in Saumur-Champigny)
What grape(s) are allowed in Rose d'Anjou?
Grolleau (Groslot)
Describe the general geology and topography of Bordeaux
- the right and left banks of the Gironde estuary,the Dordogne and Garonne rivers
- th bedrock is young Limestone and the topsoil is alluvial sandy Gravel (less gravel on the right)
- quite flat (sea level +3m)
List the 3 white grapes of Bordeaux in order of most widely planted to least planted
Semillion, Sauvignon Blanc, Muscadelle
List the 5 red grapes of Bordeaux in order of most widely planted to least planted
Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet Franc, Petit Verdot, Malbec
What is the significance of the term 'hermitage' in relation ot Bordeaux wines?
Rhone Hermitage is sometimes used to strengthen Bordeaux
Approximately how many chateaux are there in Bordeaux?
over 3000
How many chateaux in Bordeaux were classified in 1855?
61
What is the primary difference between the soils of Pauillac and Margaux?
Pauillac - well drained, deep gravel soils (greater depth than any other in the Medoc)
Margaux - shallow pebbly Siliceous gravel on gravel subsoil
How would the difference between Pauillac and Margaux soils affect the encepage of typical wine from either commune?
there could be more Cabernet dominant wine in Pauillac due to that the deeper gravel (lacking clay) there is better drainage and therefore the heat in the gravel allows for the Cab to ripen with more ease
Spot the 'odd man out': Graves, Moulis, Barsac, Sauternes, Loupiac
Moulis - no sweet white wine
Arrange in correct serving order: La Tour Figeac, La Tour Blanche, La Tour Martillac Blanc
1 - La Tour Martillac Blanc
2 - La Tour Figeac (red)
3 - Latour (red)
4 - La Tour Blanche (sweet)
Which commune has the most chateaux classified in 1855?
Margaux - 21
1st - 1
2nd - 5
3rd - 10
4th - 3
5th - 2
Name the four satellite AOC's of Saint Emilion
Lussac, Montagne, Saint Georges, Puisseguin
What is the name of the Vin de Pays classification for Bordeaux wines?
Bordeaux
Describe the soils found in St. Emilion
Sandy gravel on the plateau
Chalky on the escarpment
Sandy on the plains (lighter wines)
Describe the soils of Pomerol
'Crasse de fer"
Clay and specific Gravel with subsoil Iron Pan
Where is the commune of Givry?
Cote Chalonnaise
What is the role of the negociant?
makes wine from peoples grapes who do not want or have the means to do it themselves or buys wine to bottle and market under his own name
What is a monopole?
Soley and wholey owned Vineyard - when one entity controls a whole market or buisness
Name three fairly famous monopoles
La Tache
Pick the odd man: Epoisse, Tomme, L'Ami du Chambertin, Cantona
Cantona is a Footballer - all else are cheese...
Epoisse - Stinky
Tomme - generic
L'Ami du Chambertin - cow milk
Can you name the 7 contiguous Grand Cru vineyards of Chablis?
Blanchots, Bougros, Grenouilles, LesClos, Preuses, Valmur, Vaudesir
Which commune in the Cote de Nuits has the most Grand Cru vineyards?
Gevrey Chambertin - 9
Which area is warmer in average - Cote de Nuits or the Macon?
Macon - more south
Name three well regarded AOC's in the Maconnais
Pouilly Fuisse, Macon Village, St.Veran
Suggest a specific wine (with producer and vintage) that would pair well with Lobster sauced with a rich beurre blanc.
Puligney Montrachet
Try to list the crus of Beaujolais from North to South
Brouilly, Cote de Brouilly, Chenas, Chiroubles, Fleurie, Julienas, Morgon, Moulin-a-vent, St.Amour, Regnie
Name a cash crop other than grapes fround in the Hautes Cotes
Black Currents for Cassis
What are the allowable yields for Grand Cru Red and White Burgundy?
red - 45hl/L
white - 50hl/L
Describe the general climate of Bordeaux
Mild Maritime
Meditarranean sunshine with lower Atlantic influenced temperatures
What role does the Landes Forest play?
protection from strong Atlantic salt winds
Where is the DOCG of Vermentino Di Gallura?
Sardinia
What is the sub-region of the AOC: Jasnieres?
Touraine
What is the maximum permitted yield for Grand Cru Burgundy?
30
What is Pinot Gris known as in Germany?
Grauburgunder / Rulander
Main red grape in Madiran A.C. is...
Tannat
3 synonyms for Tempranillo in Spain
Tinto Madrid
Tinto de la Rioja
Tinto del Pais
Tinto Aragones
Tinta de Toro
What was Muller-Thurgau grape orginally thought to be a crossing of?
Riesling and Sylvanner
now - Riesling and Madeleine Royal
Who were the Benedictines?
Monks of Cluny in 910
Who were the Cistercians?
Monks of Cluny founded in 1098
What was Charlemagne's Legacy?
Corton-Charlemagne - grown on land that he donated to the Abby of Saulieu in 1775
(Holy Roman Empire)
What memorable edict did Philip the Bold issue in 1395?
a decree that Gamay is 'harmful to human beings and contrary to Burgundian practice'
Name the 5 districts of Burgundy from North to South
Chablis, Cote d'Or (Cote de Nuit, Cote de Beaune), Cote Chalonnaise, Maconnaise, Beaujolais
Briefly describe the soils of Chablis
Kimmeridgian Clay (soft chalk with fossilized oyster shells) and firmer limestone (Portlandian)
Calcarious
What is Marlstone?
crumbly combination of limstone and clay -Cote de Beaune Burgundy, Pommard, Meursault
Where is the commune of Volnay?
Cote de Beaune (white)
What is a Gonc?
Hungarian cask for Tokaji/ Orkaj/7day
Where is the commne of Montagny located?
Cote Chalonnaise - whites only
Where is the commune of St. Romain located?
Cote de Beaune
Where would you find the Italian grape variety Lagrein?
Trentino Alto Adige
How would a wine maker discourage malo-lactic fermentation?
drop the temperature and add sulfer
What is the main grape in Soave DOC?
Garganega
What is the finest soil type in the region of Jerez?
Albariza - white chalky looking and drys with out caking
high Limestone
What is the name of the Romanian wine region located near the black sea and noted for sweet wines?
Murfatlar
What is the grape used in Pouilly-sur-Loire AC?
Chasselas
Where would you find Egri Bikaver?
Hungary - 'Bulls Blood'
What is the main soil in Vouvray AC?
Tuffeau
Name an AC in the Cote Chalonnaise that is for whie wines only?
Montagny AOC, Bouzeron AOC
What is the main local variety in Rueda DO?
Verdejo
Where is the AC of Bellet located?
Provence
What is Chambery?
Vermouth from Mountain area of France
Define: Vin de presse -where and how is it used.
Wine press - pressed wine
Define: Plafonde limite de classement
PLC - absolute max yeild
Ability to legally ask to go above the limits and be subject to tasting - if you then fail it will all go to distillation (risky)
Define: Rendement annuel
(fr) Annual Yeild
Define: Rendement butoir
(the limit) Yeild cut-off - output cut-off
Define: Elevage
(no english trans)
to raise a good wine from between fermenting and bottling - the act of having 'brought up' a wine child
Define: Pigeage
(fr) 'punching down'- the cap of grape skins and other solids during fermentation
Define: Remontage
(fr) 'pumping over' - circulating liquid over cap during fermentation
Define: Chai
a Bordelaise 'Barrel Hall' for wine and sometimes Brandy
Define: Microoxygenation
a 1990 Vinification Technique of Patrick Ducournau (Madiran)
authorized in 1996 as Oak Barrel Alternative
aka - Microbullage - mostly for red airation control
Define: Physiological ripeness
The measure of ripeness of a grapevia imperical measures of must weight, acidity and PH - as opposed to subjective reasoning
aka - Physiological Maturity
Define: Veraison
when a grape changes from hard and green to softened and colored
(sugar is up, acid is down and doubled in size)
Define: Green harvest
(fr - eclaircissage) - crop thinning
removing some green bunches to allow others to benefit - 'leaf to fruit ratio'
Define: Leaf plucking
taking leaves off around berrys to control light and wind (and botrytis effect)
done around veraison
Define: Trie
(sweep) - harvesting ripe berrys and bunches (also over ripe and botryzed) by numerous sweeps through the vinyard
Define: Cryoextraction
creation of (fake)'icewine' by freezing grapes so that only the sweet concentrated juice flows at press
late 80's - freeze concentration (d'yquem)
Define: Oidium
French for Powdery Mildew
Define: Peronspera
European for Downey Mildew
(vine desease)
Define: Court Nouee
(fr, fanleaf degeneration or virus)
a virus desease of the vine - dates back 200 yrs
Define: Pierce's Disease
(PD) - most feared bacterial desease with no cure - spread by the 'Glassy Winged Sharp Shooters'
Define: Grey Rot
aka Grey Mould, Botrytis Cinerea
Bad - fungal desease- it rots the skins and other bacteria attack (bad weather-red grapes)
Good - Noble rot with white grapes and good weather conditions (botrytis wines)
Define: Botrytis
fungus caused buy Botrytis Cinerea
Define: Millerandage
Abnormal friut set - different berry sizes(different # of seeds) from bad weather at flowering - Gewurtz is one victim
aka - 'hen and chicken'/'pumpkin and pea' (small, having no seeds)
Define: Coulure
'poor fruit set'
after flowering berrys fall off at .2" (natural occurance from unbalanced carbs)
also - Climactic Coulure ie. weather
Define: Anthocynanins
natural phenolic glycosides responsible for grape color and then wine color and precursers of pigmented tannin
(red and black grapes)
Define: Aspersion
(fr - 'sprinkling')
a measure taken to reduce frost damage to vines
Define: Assemblage
(fr) deciding which lots will be assembled to make up the final blend in the production of fine wines (ie. sparkling cuvees)
Define: Autovinification
designed to extract max color from red grapes - automatic pumping over (in port mostly)
Vinification methode developed in Algeria in 1960
Define: Barrique
famous barrel type with thin staves
Bordeaux 225L / 59gal
Define: Basket Press
an old traditional way of pressing grape bunches into must
Define: Battonage
french for 'lees stirring'
Define: Bench grafting
Grafting of vines indoors instead of in the feild
Define: Bentonite
montmorillonite clay in Wyoming and Western USA - hydrated compound of aluminum and silicone oxides - for fining clarification of white wine must during fermentation - 'protein stability'
Define: Cepage
(fr - variety of vine)
a varietal wine sold by variety
Vin de Pays - Vin de Cepage
Define: Clone
a single vine or group of vines derived of vegetative propagation from cuttings or buds of a single mother vine by deliberate clonal selection
Define: Clos
(fr - enclosure)
any vineyard 'Clos' should be enclosed (Burgundy)
Define: Cold Stabalization
the bringing down of temperature so that the tartrates drop down and settle out
Define: Commune
french for Village or Parish
Define: Cooper
he who makes and repairs small barrels and larger wooden vats - works in a cooperage
Define: Cordon Training
Vine Training
the trunk terminates in a cordon and is spur pruned horizontal and lateral/bilateral
(scott henry is four)
Define: Cremant
fr shorthand for fine dry sparkling wines made outside of Champagne by the Traditional Methode
(1980 outlaw of the term 'champagne' for such)
Define: Debourbage
fr. for settling out of solids from must or wine
Define: Diatomaceous Earth
naturally occuring, highly pourous, chalk like sedimentary rock material - silica and fossilized algea (diatomes) for filtration
(aka Keiselkuhr)
Define: Egrappage
fr. for destemming/debunching
Define: Esters
a compound from the reaction of acids with alcohols
fermentation esters in the aroma of young wine and aging esters
Define: Flavonoids
a group of phenolic compounds - anthocyanins, catechins, flavonols - that contribute to color, astringency, bitterness and texture
is 90% of phenolic content of red wine
Define: Foudre
a German term for a big old 1000L vat
theones with the creepy designs on them
Define: Gout de Terroir
'Gout' - taste in all its senses
'Terroir' - aspects of flavor deamed to be derived from the terroir not the grape variety
(not earthy)
Define: Grafting
the connection of two pieces of living plant tissue so that they unite and grow as one plant
the Pylloxera cure - ie. new root stock
Define: Grand Cru
Fr - 'great growth'
Cote d'Or - 34 top above Premier Cru
more recient in Alsace (a few dozen)
Bordeaux it is a specific Property/Chateau
Define: Hectare
Metric measure equal to 10,000 square meters, equivalent to 2,471 acres of land
Define: Hybrid
the offspring of two varietys of different species
(2 varieties of the same species is a cross)
Define: Hydrometer
a glass tube instrument used to measure soluable solids,sugar content or must weight of juice and wine
Define: Isinglass
a particularly pure protien from Sturgeon's (and other fish) bladders for fining wine since 1660 (King Charles the 2nd)
Define: Lees
dead yeast cells, grape seeds, pulp stems and skin fragments with insoluable titrates
(old english for dregs)
Define: Lieu-dit
fr - local traditional name for a small area of land defined by topography or history (Burgundy)
Define: Mas
Southern French for Domain
Mas de Dummas Gassoc
Define: Moelleux
fr - 'like (bone) Marrow' /mellow
ie. medium sweet wines
(very sweet botrytized - liqureaux)
Define: Must
a thick liquid that is neither grape nor wine with lees from the crusher destemmer
Define: Must Weight
an important measure of grape ripeness indicated by the concentration of disolved compounds in grape juice or must
Define: Mutage
the action of stopping a must from fermenting (usually alcohol to stop the yeast)
im'port'ant
Define: Organoleptic
affecting a bodily sense- usually that of taste or smell
Define: Passetoutgrains
deep and savage 'animal' youth
best in Cote d'Or
Burgundian- min 1/3 PN and Gamay
Define: Premier Cru
fr. 'First Growth'
between Grand Cru and Village wine
(especially Bordeaux)
Define: Pruning
cutting off of unwanted vegitation of canes in Winter
(in hopes of fewer but larger bunches
Define: Refractometer
measures refractive index
for measuring ripeness of grapes and changes during Vinification (by measuring must weight)
Define: Racking
removing clear wine from settled sediment/lees - pumping off clear liquid to seperate tank
'rack' used since 14th century as part of 'elevage'
Define: Rootstock
the plant forming the root system of the grape vine to which a fruiting varietyor 'scion' is grafted
European Vinifera vines are grafted on to American vine species (hybid)
Define: Scion
a piece of fruiting vine that is grafted on to seperate and different rootstock
Define: Saccharomyces Cerevisiae
a yeast used in wine, beer and bread
Saccharomyces = 'sugar fungus'
Cerevisiae = cereal
Define: Saignee
fr, 'bled'
technique or running off (free run) from just crushed dark skin grapes after short prefermentaion maceration - color for rose wine
Define: Selection de Grains Nobles
richest, most sumptious catagory of Alsace wines
Define: Superieure
suffixed to an Appellation Controlee name on lables with slightly higher minimum alcohol strength - 1/2%
(superieur/superieures)
Define: Sur Lie
fr. 'on the lees'
white wine vinification technique - in tank to increase flavor and texture
common for dry white muscate
Define: Tartaric Acid
most important wine acid - it maintains stability of acidity and color
also a major taste player
Define: Tartrates
harmless crystalized deposits that seperate from wines during fermentation and aging
tartaric acid is the principal component
Define: Tastevin
14th century 'wine tasters'
antique silver, shallow dimpled saucer for professional tasting originally in a cellar in Bordeaux
Define: Ullage
(fr - Ouillage)
evaporaton of wine from barrel - the head space left in container
wine void space below cork
Define: Unctuous
mouthfeel
Define: Vinimatic
3
Define: Vatting
the putting of wines into Vats
Define: VDQS
Vin Delimite de Qualite Superieure
1% of national production - between 'Vin de Pays' and 'Appellation Controlee'
Define: Vendage Tardive
'late harvest'
restricted to Alsace - strict no Chapitalization
Define: Vigneron
fr. for Vine Grower
(Vigne ronge - implys pruning vines)
Viticulteur - grows them only
Define: Vin de Paille
fr. for Straw Wine
exspensive small group of long lived sweet white wine - grapes dried on small mats
Define: Vin Doux Natural
Naturally sweet - ie. no chapitalization or drying mats
Define: Volatile Acidity
totally concentrated with volatile acids
Define: Wild Yeast
uncultured, ambient yeast that is carried around naturally (ie.on flies)
Define: Yield
the measure of how much a Vineyard produces
Define: Poulsard
(aka ploussard)
a rare speciality of Jura
Deefine: Savagnin
the grape of Vin Jaune, almost only in Jura
famous for aroma and agibility
Define: Rousette
Altesse grape of Savoie
Define: Chasselas
a white grape that is big as a Table grape in France
- known as Fendant in Switzerland where it is used in their best wines
- there is an origin conflict as to Middle Eastern/ Egyptian
also a village name in Maconnaise
Define: Jacquere
a white grape in Savoie - high yeilds, lightly scented alpine dry wines
Define: L'en de L'el
fr. 'far from sight'
like Mensang in SW France - a minor grape in the white wine of Gaillac that needs good ventilation and drainage to prevent rot
Define: Mensang
both Petite and Gros families in SW France
Define: Mauzac
declining but important white grape in SW France - sparkling component
- with L'en de L'el in Gaillac
- with Chenin and Chard in Limoux
What area typically uses Goblet method of vine training?
Chateauneuf-du-Pape
What areas are best known for red wines made from Cabernet Franc?
Chinon
Bourgueil
St. Nicolas de Bourgueil
Which Chateau is not classified as a Premier Cru Classe in the original 1855 classification?
Chateau Mouton-Rothschild
How many Grand Cru vineyards are there in Chablis?
7
What is an AC in the Rhone Valley known for sparkling wines?
St. Peray
AC Pouilly-Sur-Loire is a white wine made from...
Chasselas
The main red grape in AC Madiran is...
Tannat
Name a commune in the Cote de Nuits
Morey-St. Denis
Name a Grand Cru vineyard in Burgundy
Chevalier-Montrachet
Name a wine most likely to be barrel fermented
Meursault 1er Cru
Dry white wines are produced in the Sauternes appellation are entitled to what AC?
Bordeaux AC
What appelation produces only red wines?
Cornas
What is the Sangiovese grape known as on the island of Corsica?
Nielluccio
Name the Sub-region of the following AOC: Savennieres
Anjou Saumur
Name the Sub-region of the following AOC: Quarts de Chaume
Anjou Saumur
Name the Sub-region of the following AOC: Saumur-Champigny
Anjou Saumur
Name the Sub-region of the following AOC: Touraine
Touraine
Name the Sub-region of the following AOC: Bonnezeau
Anjou Saumur
Name the Sub-region of the following AOC: Muscadet de Sevre et Maine
Nantlais
Name the Sub-region of the following AOC: Coteaux de Layon
Anjou Saumur
Name the Sub-region of the following AOC: Montlouis
Touraine
Where is the following Southern AOC located: Banyuls Grand Cru
Roussillon's southern limit
Where is the following Southern AOC located: Ajaccio
Corsica west coast, high up
Where is the following Southern AOC located: Palette
Provence- hills east of Aix-en-Provence
Where is the following Southern AOC located: Fitou
Languedoc (2 parts where Corbieres meets Roussillon)
Where is the following Southern AOC located: Patrimonio
Corsica on the north coast
Where is the following Southern AOC located: Rivesaultes
Roussillon - north of Perpignan
Where is the following Southern AOC located: Coteaux Varois
Provence (hills of St.Beaune)
Where is the following Southern AOC located: La Clape
Coteaux de Languedoc (mid coast mountain - south of Narborne)
Where is the following Southern AOC located: Cassis
Provence
Where is the following Southern AOC located: Minervois La Liviniere
western Languedoc