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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Book mining
mapping out book
Theories (views) of Reading Process
1. Top-Down theory
o Starts in readers mind
o What he knows
o Proceeding to word and letters
2. Interactive
o Meaning as well as print
3. Bottom-up
o Starts from words and letters
- Views of the reading process can affect
instruction and affect reading of child
- Tailored based on
child’s needs
National Reading Panel’s 5 areas
1. Phonemic Awareness
2. Phonics
3. Comprehension
4. Fluency
5. Vocabulary
Phonemic Awareness
- can be done or developed in the dark
- Phoneme– smallest unit of sound
Phonics
- simple sound association
Comprehension
understanding what you read
Fluency
Reading easily and well
Reading
Comprehension
Word recognition
Word Recognition
- sight words
- phonics
- context clues
- structure analysis
Context clues
1. semantics (meaning)
2. syntactic clues (syntax = word order)
3. Pictures clues
Structure Analysis
- root word
- inflectional endings
- prefix/suffix
- compound
Comprehension
- Literal (factual)
- Inferential
- Vocabulary
Why use IRI
1. Determine an individual’s
- Independent Reading Level (Easy)
- Instructional Reading Level (Adequate, not to easy, not to hard, support)
- Frustration Level
- Listening level
2. Determine Strengths and weaknesses reading
- Word Recognition
- Comprehension
- Self-monitoring
- Overt behaviors interfering with efficient reading
- Oral vs. silent reading

3. Comparison of Instructional reading level to grade placement
2. Determine Strengths and weaknesses reading
- Word Recognition
- Comprehension
- Self-monitoring
- Overt behaviors interfering with efficient reading
- Oral vs. silent reading
Betts criterion
Word Recognition Comprehension
Independent Reading Level 99% 90%
Instructional Reading Level 95% 75%
Frustration Level 90% 50%
Listening level No WR 75%
Listening level
text read to them, also called capacity level or potential level
Components of an IRI
1. Graded word lists (Pre-Primer – grade 9/12)
Or
Graded Sentences

2. Graded Passages (PP – grade 8/12)
- 1 set for oral reading
- 1 set for silent reading
And
Questions at various levels
(Literal, inferential, vocabulary, evaluative)
Note: Retelling may be used instead of.
Word Recognition Errors (miscues)
1. Mispronunciation
2. Substitution
3. Insertion
4. Teacher assistance
5. Omission
Marked but not counted as error:
- Self correction
- Repetition
- Punctuation ignored