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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Name 3 facts about Iran
-Known as Persia, to the western world, until 1935.
-Iran became an Islamic republic in 1979 after the ruling monachy was overthrown
-68 million people and 305 airports
Iranian Cinema Timeline
-Quajar 1900-1925
-Pahlavi 1926-78
-Islamic republic 78-present
Quajar Era
-First iranian film created in 1900
-Films similar to Lumiere films
-Films were made for the royal class, almost exclusively
-Very limited commercial exhibition
-No iranian commercial film production
What two things created conflict for the quajar era?
-The monarchy is fascinated with film and modern technology
-Meanwhile, religious authority is suspicious of film as an art form
Name 3 reasons why islamic authority is against film?
-Any kind of creative representation leads to imaginative faculty overwhelming ones ability to reason
-Engagement in visual images prevents us from our duties in real life
-An act of creation which stimulates the original creation of the world by god is blasphemous
Name 7 facts about Pahlavi Era Cinema
-Shah Pahlavi
-Cinema becomes more popular, commercial exhibitions more common
-Iranian films intended for commercial exhibition
-Most films screened in Iranian theatres are imports
-For the first time, large sums of Iranians are exposed to images of western culture
-Tehran University opens
-An educated middle class emerges
Name 3 facts about late Pahlavi Era
-WW2 interupts film production; in 1950's Iranian films begin to bounce back
-Poetry and film become important, therefore film is being considered an art form
-1960-70- Iranian new wave
Name 4 facts about the Iranian new wave
-More than 25% of the country is under the age of 25
-Mix of documentary and fiction in these films
-Greater political awareness
-New wave is against repressive forms of education
Name 2 facts about the Islamic Republic Revolution
-1980's- Iran/Iraq war
-Universities, cinemas closed initially
Name 3 facts about Mohsen Makhmalbaf and Family
-Opens the Makhmalbaf school in 1996
-Designed as an alternative to theocratic education
-Originally designed to include many students; now primarily educated Makhmalbaf's family
Name 3 facts about Jafar Panahi
-Made the "Circle" in 2000
-Makes the most directly political films
-Films are often about the opression of women in Iran
-The economic and ideologic control of a country by a dominant group; European powers occupy Senegal in early 18th century
-The time period after the former colony has won its independence; after 1960, Senegal develops its own government
-Indirect domination of former colonies by European economic powers during the post-colonial period
Name 3 facts about Francophone cinema
-Phrase refers to films made in French speaking African countries
-This term can be used to refer to films made by french colonialists before 1960
-Francophone African Cinema, in the post-colonial period, refers to films made by black Africans in countries which were previously under frech rule
Name 5 facts about films produced by Black Africans
-There was a late start in its development
-Africa lacks the tools of a film industry
-Films are often used as propoganda by governments
-No government protection for filmmakers
-Film production, in Africa, is made largely by independent film makers
Name 4 goals of independent African filmmakers
-Decolonize the mind
-Lead to a transformation of society
-Develop new film language, with which, to accomplish these tasks
Name 5 facts about Ousmane Sembene
-1st black african filmmaker
-"Black Girl"- first film produced by black african
-Also a writer, his films are based on books and short stories
-Believes in realism
-Specifically, believes in social realism
Name 5 facts about Sembene's realism
-Real locations
-Inexperienced actors
-Realism pits itself against escapism; Sembene is not interested in entertainment only
-Attempts to place an individual in a social context
-In part, Sembenes realism is due to the fact that he is a Marxist
Name 4 facts about "Black Girl"
-Deal with immediate post-colonial period
-Illustrate how neocolonialism affects the African human being
-Wants the film to act as an emotional experience
-Also wants to communicate political message
What are the four themes in "Black Girl"?
-Imagination vs. Reality