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17 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Name some opiod drugs
Opium
Morphine
Oxycodone
Codeine
Pethidine
Fentanyl
What is the mechanism of action of opioid's
Not fully understood
Inhibits pain perception and the release of substance P from the dorsal horn neurons
What are the side effects with morphine?
Hypotension
Respiratory arrest
Cardiac arrest
Anorexia
Confusion
What are the nutrient/drug interactions with morphine?
Tyrosine - beneficial, additive effect
What are the herb/drug interactions with morphine?
Kava - beneficial
Passionflower - beneficial
Withania - beneficial, good for withdrawal
SJW - negative, decrease plasma levels
Valerian - negative, excessive drowsiness
What is the mechanism of action of codeine?
Binds to opioid receptors in the brain
What are the adverse effects of codeine?
Drowsiness
GI upset
Constipation
Histamine release
Respiratory depression
Rebound headache
What are the drug/nutrient interactions with codeine?
Food/fibre - beneficial, prevent gastric upset
Alcohol - negative
What the herb/drug interactions with codeine?
Anthraquinone containing herbs - beneficial. alleviate constipation
Tannins - negative, interfere with absorption
Kava - negative
What herbs are indicated for concurrent therapy with paracetemol?
Schisandra
Andrographis
Garlic
St Mary's
Due to hepatoprotective action
What nutrients are recommended for concurrent use with paracetemol?
Quercetin
Taurine
OPC's
Cysteine
Methionine
SAMe
As they are hepatoprotective
What is the mechanism of action of NSAID's?
Inhibit synthesis and release of prostaglandins by inhibiting COX enzymes
What are some adverse effects from NSAID's?
GIT upset
Skin reaction
Renal damage
Hypertension
Asthma
What herbs may be beneficial to be used concurrently with aspirin?
Meadowsweet
Willowbark
Gingko
Feverfew
Garlic
What nutrient/drug interactions exist with aspirin?
Glutathione - beneficial, protect gastric mucosa
Tryptophan - lowers plasma levels
What herb/drug interactions exist with NSAID's?
Devils Claw
Ginger
Nettle
Willowbak
Additive effects - enhancing anti-inflammatory action
What nutrient/drug interactions exist with NSAID's
Zn- lowered absorption, separate dose
Colostrum - reduced side effects
Chondroitin
Fish oils
Glucosamine
SAMe
Vit E