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22 Cards in this Set

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Covalent Compounds
Compounds resulting from the sharing of electrons by atoms
ionic compounds
compounds composed of positive ions (cations) and negative ions (anions)
Cation
positive ion
Anion
negative ion
Covalent Bond
nonmetal + nonmetal
Covalent Bond
Metalloid + nonmetal
Ionic Bond
Metal + Nonmetal
SiCl4 (I or C?)
Covalent
LiF (I or C?)
Ionic
BaCl2 (I or C?)
Ionic
B2H6 (I or C?)
Covalent
Na2O (I or C?)
Ionic
C2H4 (I or C?)
Covalent
Naming Ionic Compounds: metals w. only one type of ion
metal name + nonmetal name with ide suffix NaCl - sodium chloride
Naming Ionic Compounds: Metals with two or more different ions
metal name (oxidation state as Roman numeral in parenthesis) + nonmetal name with ide suffix PbO2 - Lead (IV) Oxide
Naming Ionic Compounds: Hydrates
name as other ionic compounds except add prefix + hydrate as third word Bacl2 . 2H2O - barium Chloride Dihydrate
Hydrate
compound whose crystals contain discrete water molecules (water of hydration)
Naming Covalent Compounds
element name with prefix (mono, di, tri… etc) N2O4 - dinitrogen tetroxide
Covalent Compunds, periodic table position
both elements from right hand side of periodic table
Naming Polyatomic Ions
Compounds of Polyatomic ions are named like binary ionic compounds K2CO3 - potassium carbonate