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114 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Asteroidea gas exchange
dermal branchiae
locomotion
tube feet
also for feeding
what cleans body surface
pedicellariae and calc. spines
Asteroidea digestion
pyloric stomach
pyloric ceca
cardiac stomach
which class can automize arms
Asteroidea
Sea Daises
Concentricyloidea
What is Aristotle's lantern used for?
feeding
Bivalvia gill consists of
2 parts 'demi-branch' are bipectinate
Lamellibranchia
"plate gill" family unionidae
what are labial palps used for
bivalves use to sort food by size
which group has symbiotic bacteria on gills?
Gastropoda
Is bivalvia sedentary or motile
sedentary
Do bivalves have radula?
no
What is Rostroconchia?
extinct group of molluscs. clamlike
Polyplacophoran disgestive tract
complete
polyplacophoran excretory system
Nephridum
do polyplacophorans have radula, spircules or ctendia
yes
calclium spicules
bipectiante ctenidia
how is the mantle cavity divided
incurrent/excurrent chambers
What do ctenidium in molluscs do?
fx in respiratory and collecting/storing food
osphradium
chemoreceptor/tactice receptor
smell
mantle cavity
bn mantle and viscera.
site for excretory, digestive and reproductive system
odontophore
supportive cartilidge like structure
pulmonate snails breathe through
pneomostome, no gills
mantle cavity fx as lung
which group is important in disease transmission
gastropods
afferent blood carries
deoxygenated blood
bivalvia marine, fw or terrestrial?
mostly marine, no terrestrial
efferent blood carries
oxygenated blood
what is hemocoel and which group has it?
blood in coelom serves as hydrostatic skeleton,
mollusca
Radula
row of sharp chitenous teeth used to scrape algae
water vascular system
fluid filled canals for moving/feeding
opening of water vascular system
madreporite
pyloric ceca
digestive glands
buccal mass
odontophore, radula, and muscular mass
what has a tooth that can extend and inject poison
cone smails (mollusca)
Arthropoda exoskeleton made of?
chitin and calcium salts
which arthropod group is extinct
Trilobita
Ophiuroidea (SC) 3 characteristics
arms marked off from disk
no suckers
body cavity limited to central disk
what does the mantle produce
layers of the shell, periostracum, nacrous, prismaten
echinodermata symmetry
Pentameral (except holothuridea)
echinodermata deuterostome or protostome?
vascular system?
deuterostome
water vascular system
endoskeleton of echinodermata?
motility?
CaCO2 endoskeleton with ossicles that protrude through body wall,
all marine and sedentary
how many legs do insects have? antenna? body parts?
unique char.
3 pair legs, 1 pr antennae
3 body parts
metamorphosis
Mollusca char. (3)
Mantle, radula and foot
Gastropoda char
single shell (exc slugs), largest class
C. Echinoidea
body plan
feed
sea urchin
disk shaped
feed on algae, coral polyps and dead animals.
use Aristotle's lantern to chew
C. Holothuoidea
body
supports
sea cucumber
no rays/arms
ossicles in body wall
grasshopper exoskeleton made of?
3 features?
exoskeleton made of sclerites
antenna, modified mouth parts, compound eyes/ocelli
Cephalopoda
marine, fw, terr?ctenidia? radula?
marine only
ctenidia and radula
cephalopod Mantle ?
foot?
cephalization?
mantle cavity and foot
high cephalization
how do mollusc gills work
countercurrent exchange
increases eff. of gas exchange b/n blood flow and water. flows in opposite directions
largest group of mollucs?
Gastropoda
gastropoda marine/fe/terr?
feed?
marine, fw and terr.
all feeding styles
do gastropods have eye?
digestion?
eyes, tentacle
complete digestive tract
which has a hole a monoplacophoran or gastropod/limpit
limpit
which group can change sex midlife
gastropods
what are columellar muscles resp for?
protraction/retraction
twisting
raising/lower shell
gastropod defense
shell
chemical/tactile (deterrent behavior)
distasteful
which class has torsion
gastropoda
how does the mussel shell grow? what is the oldest part?
grows by adding concentric layers from umbo
umbo
char of bivalvia
2 valves with dorsal hinge
visceral mass
foot
Triolbite
body
appendages
antennae
extince arthropod
head thorax, abdomen
biramous appendages
1 pr antennae
Archnida
antennae
appendages
vascular
water conservation
breath/respiration
0 antenna
chelicerae (1st pr app), pedipalps, 4 pair walking legs
vascular lamellae for gas exchange
malphigian tubles for H2Oconservation
book lunh (mod. book gill)
extinct arthropod
trilobite
tagmatizatio
fusion of segments
arthropod exoskeleton made of
chitin, lipids, tanned proteins
enstar
echysis
stage of growth
shedding of skeleton
how to arthropods grow
shed/molt
arthropod
symmetry?
coelom?
blood?
circulatory system?
development?
coelomate
hemocoel
open circulatory
metamorphosis
arthropod respiration
tracheal system, gills, book lungs
water vascular system
fluid filled canals for moving/feeding
opening of water vascular system
madreporite
pyloric ceca
digestive glands
buccal mass
odontophore, radula, and muscular mass
what has a tooth that can extend and inject poison
cone smails (mollusca)
Arthropoda exoskeleton made of?
chitin and calcium salts
which arthropod group is extinct
Trilobita
Ophiuroidea (SC) 3 characteristics
arms marked off from disk
no suckers
body cavity limited to central disk
what does the mantle produce
layers of the shell, periostracum, nacrous, prismaten
echinodermata symmetry
Pentameral (except holothuridea)
O. Chilopoda
feed legs
appendages
predators,
1 pr antenna, 1 pr legs per segment
1st pair are claws (poisonous)
oldest echinoderms
crinoidea (lilly like)
invasive to coral reefs?
Asteroidea, crown of thorns starfish
Crinoid feeding?
movement?
filter feed particles
cirri
Ophuroidea feeding?
movement?
scavengers
ball socket joint
echinodermata
cephalization
excretory
endoskeleton
reproduction
No cephalizaiton No head
no excretory
sex/asecual dioecious
coelooyte cells do
which phylum has?
phagocytosis
pigment synthesis
transport O2/nutrients
wound repair
Echinodermata
Echinodermata
symmetry
water system
canals
5 fold, pentameral symmetry
water vascualr system
canals lead to tube feet, help move, maintain shape and pump water
crustaceans
antennae
body parts
larvae
appendages
2 pair antennae
2 body parts, cephalothorax, nauplis larvae
biramus appendages
3 orders tht aren't insects
collembola protura dilura
which phylum is impo ecologically in biomass/nutrient cycling?
insecta
ommatidium
compound eye, the 'little' eyes
spider digestion
external
spiracles
-opening that leads to tube
wht contains poinson glands in Araneae (spiders?)
secretes silk? used in mating? breathing?
chelicerae, spinnerets, pedipalps, trachea (book lungs)
do chilicerata have antenna
no
arachnida body sect?
legs
eyes other app
2 b ody parts, 4 pair legs/eyes
chelicerae and pedipalps
O Diplopoda
antennae
legs
body
feed
1 pr antenna
2 pr legs per segment
round body
feed on decaying plant matter
tympanic membrane
used to detect sound
cerci
sensory structure on grasshopper abdomen
does male or female grasshopper have ovipositor
female
tagmata
division of body into head, thorax, abdomen
sclerites
hardened plates con. by membrane
ocelli
do not form images, but sense changesin light intensity
Asthetes
sensitive to light polyplacophoran. fx ins ecretin of periostracum
aplacophora
marine fw or terr
segmented or unsegmented
scales/spines
marine, segmented
calcareous spines embedded in cuticle
cephalopod
countercurrent mech?
ctendia?
water circulation?
no ctrcurrent
ctendia not ciliated
water cir. due to empty/refill of mantle cavity, muscle contraction
cephalapoda cir system?
blood pigments?
# arms/tentacles?
brain?
closed cir. system
hemocyanin
8-10
highly differentiated , learn
what has a parasitic larval stage?
fw clams (glochidia)
Proces of tanning proteins and group which as it
sclerotization
arhtropoda
3 groups that are not insects
collembola, protura, diplura
group that has cyclomorphosis and parthenogensis
Cladocera,
sc Branchiopda, Crustacea, Artropoda
Echinodermata vascular system?
water vascular system
Echinodermata excretory system?
NONE
Which group uses Aristotles lantern for feeding?
Echinoidea (sea urchins, sand dollars)