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45 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What is an Amebocyte??
An Amebocyte are amoeboid cells in sponges that occut in the matrix between the epidermal and collar cells. They transport nutrients.
What are Collar Cells??
Collar Cells are flagellated cells that line the interior of the central cavity of a sponge.
What is a Filter Feeder??
Filter Feeders are organisms such as sponges that feed by removing food from water that filterts through their body.
What is a Gemmule??
A Gemmule is a reproductive structure in some sponges that remains dormant through the winter and later develops into a new individual
What is a Hermaphrodite??
Hermaphrodites have both male and female sexual characteristics and organs.
What is Nematocysts??
Nematocysts are the cells at the tip of corals tentacles which "sting" when touched.
What is a Polyp??
A polyp is a sessile form of life history in cnidarians.
What is a Medusa??
A Medusa is a motile bell-shaped form of body plan in cnidarians.
What is Regeneration??
Regeneration is the regrowth of lost tissue of destroyed parts or organs.
What is Sessile??
Sessile are organisms that remain attached directly to it's base.
What is Sponging??
Sponging is the light, fibrous, flexible, absorbent skeleton of certain of these organisms, used for bathing, cleaning, and other purposes.
What is a Spicule?
A Spicule is a needle-shaped skeletal elements in sponges that occur in the matrix between the epidermal and collar cells.
What is a tentacle??
A Tentacle is an elongated process or organ, simple or branched.
What is an Anus??
An Anus is the posterior opening of the digestive tract.
What is a cutile?
A Cuticle is a thin, waxy layer on the outer wall of epidermal cells consisting primarily of wax and cutin.
What is a Cyst??
A Cyst is a fluid filled sac.
What is a Flame Cell??
A Flame cell is a specialized cell at the blind-end of a nephridium that filters body fluids.
What is Ganglia??
Ganglia is a mass of nerve tissue.
What is a Host??
a Host is an animal or plant that nourishes and supports a parasite.
What is a Parasite??
A Parasite is an organism that lives in, with, or on another organism.
What is a Pharynx??
A Pharynx is a passage way between the mouth and the esophagus and trachea.
What is a proglattid??
A Proglattid is a reproductive division of a tapeworm.
What is a Scolex??
A Scolex is the head of a tapeworm.
What is an Aortic Arch???
An Aortic Arch is the part of the aorta leaving the heart, which curves up.
What is a Chromarophore?
A Chromatophore is an organelle that contains pigments.
What is a clitellum??
A Clitellum is a part of the outside of earthworms that secretes mucus during copulation and a cocoon early in development.
What is a Crop?
A Crop is a sac like area in an insect's gut where food is stored before it is digested.
What is a Gizzard?
A Gizzard is the muscular stomach in earthworms.
What is an esophogus??
An Esophogus is the portion of the gut between the mouth and the stomach.
What is an excurrent siphon?
An Excurrent Siphon is an opening that expels the water, cleaned of food and oxygen away from the mussels body,
What is a foot gill?
A foot gill takes oxygen out of the water, and helps muscles move.
What is the Head?
The head is the uppermost part of the body
What is incurrent siphon?
Incurrent Siphon is an opening that brings the oxygen and food containing water in the body.
What is the mantle?
The mantle is the upper surface of the back.
What is nephridia?
Nephridia is the networks of tubules in some invertebrates that have an excretory system.
What is an open circulatory sytem?
An open circulatory system is a circulatory system where blood is not always in vessels.
What is parapodia?
Parapodia is the lateral expansion of the foot.
What is a Radula?
a Radula is the tooth-lined tongue of a giant squid.
What is a Seminal Receptacle?
A seminal receptacle recieves sperm.
What is a setae?
A setae is hairlike growths on the body.
What is visceral mass?
Visceral mass is the part of the mooluscan body that contains the digestive and reproductive systems.
What is the abdomen?
The abdomen is the part of the body that contains the stomach, small intestine, colon, rectum,liver, spleen, pancreas, kidneys, appendix, gallbladder, and bladder.
What is an antenna?
An antenna is a long, slender organ or feeler located on the head of on insect.
What is an antennule?
An antennule is the foremost of pairs of antennae that occurs in some crustaceans.
What is a book lung?
A book lung is the simple type of lung found in spiders.